Conceptualizing and Measuring Political Inequality in a Cross-National Perspective

Resource Type
  • Choi, Gwangeun
Publication Date
Free Keywords
Political Inequality; Participation; Representation; Economic Inequality
  • Abstract

    It is widely believed that economic inequality significantly affects political inequality, and vice versa. However, there has been a lack of empirical evidence about this relationship, particularly, in cross-national comparative research. This is largely because cross-national measures of political inequality are underdeveloped. To fill this gap, this study introduces a new way of conceptualizing and measuring political inequality and constructs the Political Inequality Index (PII), which is mainly based on objective indicators. Additionally, the Political Power Inequality Index (PPII) based on subjective indicators is presented as an alternative measure. This research then explores the features of these measures and investigates the impact of economic inequality on political inequality with the measures. The dynamic panel data analysis controlling for endogeneity provides little evidence that income inequality has a significant effect on political inequality, however.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E115881V1
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E115881V2

Update Metadata: 2020-11-09 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-12-01