My da|ra Login

Detailed view

metadata language: English

Post Coital DNA Recovery in Minority Proxy Couples, United States, 2014-2018

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : clinical data, observational data
Creator
  • Speck, Patricia M.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2019-12-17
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
genetics data; reproductive history; sexually transmitted disease
Description
  • Abstract

    Introduction and Background. Minorities are less likely to report rapes. The Post Coital DNA Recovery (PCDR) study (2009-14) subjects were white (93%) where expanded collection times were not generalizable to minority populations. Evidence reports health and medical differences between races necessitating duplication of previous research in minority populations. Aims. (1) What is the time period in which it is possible to collect post-coital DNA in minority women using Y-STR laboratory methods? and (2) when compared to the former study sample of minority and non-minority, what are the physiological conditions, factors, or activities in minority couples that influence post-coital DNA recovery? Design. The design includes mixed methods duplication perfected in the first study, embracing descriptive and inferential techniques. Qualitative research used semi-structured interviews. Aim 1 analysis used PCDR-M data only. Aim 2 combined data from both PCDR and PCDR-M studies. Combined, DNA recovery, a binary outcome accounting for repeated methods in population regression analysis, used Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) methods. Fidelity. The strict criteria for adherence included considerable outreach and support of study personnel. PCDR and PCDR-M data combined and compared the two samples, which had specific homogeneity, including same inclusion and elimination criteria in both studies; fidelity to the validated protocol; laboratory method and interpretation for inclusion; duplicate statistical analysis; and interpretation of data. Any variation in key variables met elimination criteria. Assumptions and Limitations. Assumptions included (1) motivation is altruistic; (2) motivation is incentives and coercion for some; (3) negotiating coitus is difficult and stressful; and (4) similar fidelity and dropout rates. The limitations included (1) a lack of representation for the diverse experiences of rape victims; (2) sample size; (3) self-selection bias; (4) protocol adherence; and (4) advances in laboratory science and DNA kits. Demographics. Demographic variables included gender, race, and age. Major categories in the dataset included participants' reproductive history, data on female participants' reproductive organs, and childhood abuse.
  • Abstract

    Aims. (1) What is the time period in which it is possible to collect post-coital DNA in minority women using Y-STR laboratory methods? and (2) when compared to the former study sample of minority and non-minority, what are the physiological conditions, factors, or activities in minority couples that influence post-coital DNA recovery.
  • Methods

    The design includes mixed methods duplication perfected in the first study, embracing descriptive and inferential techniques. Qualitative research used semi-structured interviews. Aim 1 analysis used PCDR-M data only. Aim 2 combined data from both PCDR and PCDR-M studies. Combined, DNA recovery, a binary outcome accounting for repeated methods in population regression analysis, used Generalized Estimating Equation (GEE) methods.
  • Methods

    The dataset ACE contains variables related to childhood abuse. The datasets Allele2018 and DNA_C contain variables related to cervix and fornix analysis. The datasets Demo_combined and Phi contain demographic variables. The datasets F_Reproductive_History and M_Reproductive_History contain variables related to the sexual health history and reproductive history of participants. The dataset HERS contains variables related to the Hymen Estrogen Response Scale (HERS).
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: ACE Public-Use Data
    • DS2: ACE Restricted-Use Data
    • DS3: Allele2018 Public-Use Data
    • DS4: Allele2018 Restricted-Use Data
    • DS5: Demo_combined Public-Use Data
    • DS6: Demo_combined Restricted-Use Data
    • DS7: DNA_C Public-Use Data
    • DS8: DNA_C Restricted-Use Data
    • DS9: F_Reproductive_History Public-Use Data
    • DS10: F_Reproductive_History Restricted-Use Data
    • DS11: HERS Dataset Public-Use Data
    • DS12: HERS Restricted-Use Data
    • DS13: M_Reproductive_History Public-Use Data
    • DS14: M_Reproductive_History Restricted-Use Data
    • DS15: Phi Public-Use Data
    • DS16: Phi Restricted-Use Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2014--2018
  • 2014 / 2018
  • Collection date: 2014--2018
  • 2014 / 2018
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Monogamous couples in the United States. Smallest Geographic Unit: Zip Code
Sampling
A local recruitment of minority proxy couples occurred through organizational networks and media. Volunteer proxy couples called the study phone to express interest, and the caller was screened for eligibility. Recruitment and screening questions eliminated those with full hysterectomy (must have a cervix), male vasectomy or infertility (must have sperm DNA) and obesity (which lowers sperm count). If not self-eliminated, interested couples and collectors contacted the Principle Investigator (PI) or co-investigator where a telephone discussion about the study and protocol for IRB approved informed consent occurred. Participants received consent paperwork through the U S Post Office or email following the screening, determination of eligibility, and telephone-consent to receive the materials according to their preference, which included IRB-approved consent forms with tagged signature and initials locations for individual male and female participants. Once the PI received the signed consents from both couple-members, each participant completed the questionnaire and demographic survey. The PI determined eligibility and if eligible, provided study paperwork and supplies, which included the protocol, a diary card, pH strips, cotton-tipped applicators, and collector forms, and study directions to the female participant in the couple.
Collection Mode
  • coded on-site observation
  • face-to-face interview
  • mail questionnaire
  • self-enumerated questionnaire
Note
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2014-NE-BX-0009).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37250 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2019-12-17 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-12-17

Speck, Patricia M. (2019): Post Coital DNA Recovery in Minority Proxy Couples, United States, 2014-2018. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37250.v1