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National Inmate Survey (NIS) - Jails: Alternative Survey Respondents Only, [United States], 2007-2009

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Other Title
  • NIS Jails: Alternative, 2007-2009 (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Prison Rape Elimination Act Data Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Bureau of Justice Statistics
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
alcohol abuse; correctional facilities; counseling services; demographic characteristics; drug dependence; drug testing; drug use; inmates; jails; sexual preference; substance abuse treatment
  • Abstract

    The National Inmate Survey (NIS) is part of the Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) National Prison Rape Statistics Program, which gathers mandated data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in correctional facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108- 79). Inmates are randomly assigned to receive either a survey of sexual victimization or a survey of mental and physical health, past drug and alcohol use, and treatment for substance abuse. The data in this study focuses solely upon substance use and treatment from the "alternative" version of the survey. These 6,577 respondents contained in this file who completed the "alternative" survey are the same 6,577 alternative respondents from the study National Inmate Survey (NIS) - Jails: Full Survey Respondents, [United States], 2007-2009 (ICPSR 37011).
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the National Inmate Survey (NIS) is to gather data on inmates experiences within the state and federal judicial system. It is part of the Bureau of Justice Statistics Prison Rape Statistics Program. The primary data gathered as part of this program is on the prevalence of sexual assault and rape in correctional facilities. The Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79) requires a 10 percent sample of correctional facilities to be listed by incidence of sexual assault, with a minimum of one prison and one jail facility in each state. A secondary purpose is to report on substance use, alcohol use, and substance abuse treatment prior to and during incarceration. The data in this particular study focuses solely on these secondary purposes. The data file does not contain data on sexual assault and rape during the respondent's stay in jail.
  • Methods

    Inmates are randomly assigned to receive either a survey of sexual victimization or an alternative survey. Facility staff, nor the interviewer, know which survey is randomly assigned to the inmate. For NIS-1 and NIS-2 the alternative survey is one that only covered topics of past drug use, alcohol use, and treatment for substance abuse. The alternative survey typically takes an inmate 27 minutes to complete. If the respondent is not done at 30 minutes, then he or she is not allowed to start a new survey section. The interviewer began the survey using the computer asking for basic background information. The remainder of the interview was conducted in private where the inmate interacted with a computer administered questionnaire using a touchscreen and synchronized audio instructions delivered via headphones. The interviewer either left the room or moved away from the computer while the inmate completed the interview.
  • Methods

    Questions from the NIS-1 and NIS-2 included in this data file are from five of the sections of the larger questionnaire: Section A: Inmate Demographics - race, ethnicity, education, relationship status, sexual history, sexual orientation; Section J: Drug Use - use details of 15 drug types, consequences of use; Section H: Alcohol Use - use details of alcohol, consequences of use; Section K: Treatment - types of treatment attended, history of visits; Section M: Interview Debriefing Items - interviewer's assessment of respondents effort, understanding, and experience during the interview; The last half of the data file are derived variables created by the Principal Investigator.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Standardized missing values.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: 83 percent (6,577 completed surveys out of 7,934 inmates selected and invited to participate in the survey)
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2007--2009
  • 2007 / 2009
  • Collection date: 2007-04--2007-08
  • 2007-04 / 2007-08
  • Collection date: 2008-10--2009-12
  • 2008-10 / 2009-12
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Inmates age 18 or older held in a local jail.
The NIS-1, conducted between April and August 2007, randomly selected 282 jails nationally. Then between October 2008 and December 2009 the NIS-2 randomly selected 286 jails. There was a total of 156,019 inmates selected during the two distinct waves of data collection. A total of 93,480 ended up participating in the survey. About 10 percent of participating NIS-1 respondents and 5 percent of participating NIS-2 respondents were asked to complete this alternative survey.Please refer to the codebook for details about the study sampling provided by the Principal Investigator.
Collection Mode
  • audio computer-assisted self interview (ACASI)
  • computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37010 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37010.v1

Update Metadata: 2019-12-19 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2019-12-19

United States. Bureau of Justice Statistics (2019): National Inmate Survey (NIS) - Jails: Alternative Survey Respondents Only, [United States], 2007-2009. Archival Version. Prison Rape Elimination Act Data Series. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.