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Patent Citations to Science

Resource Type
  • Marx, Matt (Boston University)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • National Science Foundation
    • Award Number: 1735669
  • Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
  • Abstract

    This dataset contains citations from worldwide patents to scientific articles. If you use the data, please cite this paper: Marx, Matt and Aaron Fuegi, "Reliance on Science: Worldwide Front-Page Patent Citations to Scientific Articles" (

    There are two "flavors" of matches: linking to the Microsoft Academic Graph (_pcs_mag.tsv), and to PubMed (_pcs_pubmed.tsv). Each citation to science has the patent number, paper ID for MAG or PubMed, applicant/examiner indicator, and a confidence score (1-10); _data_description.pdf has full details.We also have a beta release of matches from the body text of USPTO patents since patent #1 in 1836. The files _pcs_mag_bodytextbeta.tsv and _pcs_pubmed_bodytextbeta.tsv add a field indicating whether the citation appeared on the front page, in the body text, or in both.

    The remaining files redistribute the Microsoft Academic Graph, carving up the original files into smaller, variable-specific files. There are also extensions including journal impact factor and high-level technical classifications. If you use them, please cite the following article: Sinha, A, et al. 2015. Overview of Microsoft Academic Service (MAS) and Applications. In Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on World Wide Web (WWW ’15 Companion). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 243-246.
    • The PubMed linkages are publicly available without any licensing restrictions. The MAG linkages are subject to the Open Data Commons Attribution license (ODC-By), so you can use them for anything as long as you cite us.
    • Questions & feedback to
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    • Source code is available at
    This computational work was performed on the Boston University Shared Computing Cluster.

  • Cites
    URL: (Text)
  • Marx, Matt, and Fuegi Aaron. “Reliance on Science in Patenting,” n.d.
    • ID: (URL)

Update Metadata: 2019-12-31 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2019-12-31

Marx, Matt (2019): Patent Citations to Science. Version: V0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.