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Michigan Public Policy Survey Restricted Use Datasets, Michigan, 2008-2016

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • University of Michigan Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy
Other Title
  • MPPS (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
cities; counties; local government; Michigan; municipalities; public officials; townships
  • Abstract

    The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS) is a program of state-wide surveys of local government leaders in Michigan. The MPPS is designed to fill an important information gap in the policymaking process. While there are ongoing surveys of the business community and of the citizens of Michigan, before the MPPS there were no ongoing surveys of local government officials that were representative of all general purpose local governments in the state. Therefore, while we knew the policy priorities and views of the state's businesses and citizens, we knew very little about the views of the local officials who are so important to the economies and community life throughout Michigan. The MPPS was launched in 2009 by the Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy (CLOSUP) at the University of Michigan and is conducted in partnership with the Michigan Association of Counties, Michigan Municipal League, and Michigan Townships Association. The associations provide CLOSUP with contact information for the survey's respondents, and consult on survey topics. CLOSUP makes all decisions on survey design, data analysis, and reporting, and receives no funding support from the associations. The surveys investigate local officials' opinions and perspectives on a variety of important public policy issues and solicit factual information about their localities relevant to policymaking. Over time, the program has covered issues such as fiscal, budgetary and operational policy, fiscal health, public sector compensation, workforce development, local-state governmental relations, intergovernmental collaboration, economic development strategies and initiatives such as placemaking and economic gardening, the role of local government in environmental sustainability, energy topics such as hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") and wind power, trust in government, views on state policymaker performance, opinions on the impacts of the Federal Stimulus Program (ARRA), and more. The program will investigate many other issues relevant to local and state policy in the future. A searchable database of every question the MPPS has asked is available on CLOSUP's website. Results of MPPS surveys are currently available as reports, and via online data tables. The MPPS datasets are being released in two forms: public-use datasets and restricted-use datasets. The public use datasets are available on OpenICPSR. Unlike the public-use datasets, the restricted-use datasets represent full MPPS survey waves, and include all of the survey questions from a wave. Restricted-use datasets also allow for multiple waves to be linked together for longitudinal analysis. The MPPS staff do still modify these restricted-use datasets to remove jurisdiction and respondent identifiers and to recode other variables in order to protect confidentiality. However, it is theoretically possible that a researcher might be able, in some rare cases, to use enough variables from a full dataset to identify a unique jurisdiction, so access to these datasets is restricted and approved on a case-by-case basis. CLOSUP encourages researchers interested in the MPPS to review the codebooks included in this data collection to see the full list of variables including those not found in the public-use datasets, and to explore the MPPS data using the public-use-datasets. The codebooks for these restricted use datasets are available for download on CLOSUP's website.
  • Abstract

    The Michigan Public Policy Survey (MPPS) is a program of state-wide surveys of local government leaders in Michigan. Each wave investigates local officials' opinions and perspectives on a variety of important public policy issues. Respondents for the MPPS include county administrators and board chairs, mayors and city managers, village presidents and managers, and township supervisors, clerks, and managers from every general-purpose unit of government across the state.
  • Methods

    The MPPS was administered via two modes. For those officials for whom an email address could be identified, an email invitation was sent containing a URL link to the survey instrument online. For those officials for whom no email address was available, hard copy questionnaires were mailed out in the week prior to the launch of the survey via USPS, scheduled for delivery during the first week of field period.
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2008--2016
  • 2008 / 2016
  • Collection date: 2009-04-23--2009-06-29
  • 2009-04-23 / 2009-06-29
  • Collection date: 2009-10-20--2009-12-23
  • 2009-10-20 / 2009-12-23
  • Collection date: 2010-04-14--2010-06-17
  • 2010-04-14 / 2010-06-17
  • Collection date: 2010-11-09--2010-12-20
  • 2010-11-09 / 2010-12-20
  • Collection date: 2011-04-18--2011-06-13
  • 2011-04-18 / 2011-06-13
  • Collection date: 2011-10-03--2011-11-28
  • 2011-10-03 / 2011-11-28
  • Collection date: 2012-04-09--2012-06-26
  • 2012-04-09 / 2012-06-26
  • Collection date: 2012-10-08--2012-12-11
  • 2012-10-08 / 2012-12-11
  • Collection date: 2013-04-08--2013-06-09
  • 2013-04-08 / 2013-06-09
  • Collection date: 2013-10-07--2013-12-17
  • 2013-10-07 / 2013-12-17
  • Collection date: 2014-04-08--2014-06-10
  • 2014-04-08 / 2014-06-10
  • Collection date: 2014-10-06--2014-12-08
  • 2014-10-06 / 2014-12-08
  • Collection date: 2015-04-06--2015-06-08
  • 2015-04-06 / 2015-06-08
  • Collection date: 2015-10-05--2015-12-14
  • 2015-10-05 / 2015-12-14
  • Collection date: 2016-04-04--2016-06-06
  • 2016-04-04 / 2016-06-06
  • Collection date: 2016-10-03--2016-12-13
  • 2016-10-03 / 2016-12-13
Geographic Coverage
  • Michigan
Sampled Universe
Elected and appointed public officials within the state of Michigan. Smallest Geographic Unit: Region
The sample for each MPPS includes on average two officials from each of the local general purpose units of government in the state of Michigan. The sample frame includes, where the position exists and was not vacant, the top elected and top appointed official in each jurisdiction. The included positions vary by wave, but may include: for counties, county administrators, executives, clerks, and board chairs; for cities, mayors, city managers, and city clerks; for villages, village presidents, clerks, and managers. Townships are a special case, in that, typically, their governing officials are all elected. Therefore, in townships, both the elected supervisors and the elected clerks were administered.
Collection Mode
  • mail questionnaire
  • web-based survey
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37484 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37484.v1

Update Metadata: 2020-01-14 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-01-14

University of Michigan Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy (2019): Michigan Public Policy Survey Restricted Use Datasets, Michigan, 2008-2016. Archival Version. Version: v0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.