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Imperial Russian Factory Database, 1894-1908

Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, census/enumeration data, program source code
  • Gregg, Amanda (Middlebury College)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Economic History Association
  • National Science Foundation. Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences
    • Award Number: DDIG 1220116
  • Yale Economic Growth Center
  • Sasakawa Young Leaders Fellowship Fund
  • Yale Program in Economic History
  • Yale MacMillan Center
Free Keywords
Russia; Industry; Factories; Russian Empire; Corporations
  • Abstract

    This database digitizes the 1894, 1900, and 1908 Imperial Russian manufacturing censuses. For each factory, the database includes industry, province, enterprise form, total workers, total revenue, and identifiers that allow factories to be matched over time. The 1894 and 1908 years also include information on the factory's total machine power. The dataset was constructed to study why some Russian firms chose to become corporations despite the Empire's expensive and time-consuming concession system. Note that the final analysis files exclude factories located outside of European Russia and, in the main data files, factories subject to the excise tax.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1894-01-01 / 1908-12-31
    Time Period: Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1894--Thu Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1908 (Three years: 1894, 1900, and 1908)
Geographic Coverage
  • European Russia (Russian Empire)
Sampled Universe
Manufacturing establishments in the European part of the Russian Empire.Smallest Geographic Unit: Imperial Russian Province
The dataset collects all industrial factories listed in the 1894, 1900, and 1908 Imperial Russian manufacturing censuses. Some factories are excluded because of industry (non-industrial categories, categories subject to the excise tax), and some are excluded by geographic (non-European Russia). 
  • Is supplemented by
    DOI: 10.1257/aer.20151656 (Text)
  • Gregg, Amanda. “Factory Productivity and the Concession System of Incorporation in Late Imperial Russia, 1894-1908.” American Economic Review 110, no. 2 (February 2020): 401–27.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.20151656 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-01-29 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-01-29

Gregg, Amanda (2020): Imperial Russian Factory Database, 1894-1908. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.