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Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study, 1993

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Wechsler, Henry
Other Title
  • Version 4 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
academic achievement; alcohol abuse; alcohol consumption; college students; drinking behavior; drug abuse; health status; sexual behavior; smoking; social life; tobacco use; treatment programs
  • Abstract

    This survey focused on alcohol use and alcohol problems among undergraduate college students. The survey collected information on students' use of alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drugs, views on campus alcohol policies and student alcohol use, reasons for drinking alcohol and reasons for not drinking or limiting drinking, and personal difficulties caused by drinking problems (e.g., missed classes, injury, and trouble with police). Additional topics covered by the survey include overall health status, daily activities, satisfaction with education being received, grade-point average, living arrangements, social life, sexual activity, use of condoms during sexual intercourse, date rape, drunk driving, and attendance in meetings of Alcoholics Anonymous, Alanon, Adult Children of Alcoholics, and Narcotics Anonymous. Background variables include age, height, weight, sex, marital status, religion, mother's and father's education, mother's and father's drinking habits, race, and Hispanic origin.
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1993
  • Collection date: 1993
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Full-time undergraduate students enrolled in four-year colleges or universities in the United States.
A random sample of students in 140 schools was selected using probability proportionate to size sampling of colleges and universities. However, the data only include the 119 schools in the analytic sample of the 2001 round of the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study (ICPSR 4291). Of the 120 schools surveyed for the 2001 round, 119 met the response rate cutoff for inclusion in that year's analytical sample. The last ICPSR version of this study (i.e., the second version of ICPSR 6577) only included the 119 schools of the 1999 analytical sample (ICPSR 3818), which were slightly different from the 119 schools in the 2001 analytical sample. In 1999, 119 of the 128 schools surveyed met the response rate cutoff for inclusion in the 1999 analytical sample.
2020-01-30 Online variable search capabilities have been added for this study.2005-11-14. The study has been updated with revised data supplied by the principal investigator to allow for comparable analyses with the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study, 2001 (ICPSR 4291). This version of the data comprises the same 119 schools in the ICPSR 4291 data. Six schools in the previous version were dropped, six schools not in the previous version were added, and seven variables (MMDD, SERIAL, NEWC19_A, NEWC19_B, NEWC19_C, NEWC19_D, and WAVE) were added. In addition, ICPSR revised the documentation accordingly and added a SAS setup file to the collection. The SAS setup includes the PROC FORMAT statements from the previous version.2003-12-02 The principal investigator supplied a revised data file in which the number of colleges was reduced from 140 to 119 (2,189 cases were dropped). Some variables were removed, others were renamed, and new variables, including a weight variable, were added. In addition, ICPSR has identified 11 variables with one or more revised values (variables DRIVE, NUMPROB, PROBGULP, PROB5, PERSIST, NOBINGE, UPTAKE, GIVEUP, CONTBING, ANYDRUG1, and ANYDRUG2). The documentation and other supporting files were revised accordingly. Funding institution(s): Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (19547).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 6577 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR06577.v3
  • Giovenco, Daniel P., Gundersen, Daniel A., Delnevo, Cristine D.. Reaching a representative sample of college students: A comparative analysis. Journal of American College Health.2016.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448481.2015.1088018 (DOI)
  • Cabalatungan, Shadd, McCarthy, Bill. Second-hand effects of college drinking and educational experiences: Findings from an analysis of pooled cross-sections. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy.22, (6), 463-469.2015.
    • ID: 10.3109/09687637.2015.1061974 (DOI)
  • Swann, C.A., Sheran, M., Phelps, D.. Factors associated with reductions in alcohol use between high school and college: An analysis of data from the College Alcohol Study. Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation.539, 13-23.2014.
    • ID: 10.2147/SAR.S55180 (DOI)
  • Liu, Jing. College Alcohol Policy and Student Drinking-While-Driving: A Multilevel Model. Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany. 2012.
  • Ward, Brian W., Ridolfo, Heather. Alcohol, tobacco, and illicit drug use among Native American college students: An exploratory quantitative analysis. Substance Use and Misuse.46, (11), 1410-1419.2011.
    • ID: 10.3109/10826084.2011.592437 (DOI)
  • DeSimone, Jeff. Fraternity membership and drinking behavior. Economic Inquiry.47, (2), 3372009.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7295.2008.00121.x (DOI)
  • Nelson, Toben F., Xuan, Ziming, Lee, Hang, Weitzman, Elissa R., Wechsler, Henry. Persistence of heavy drinking and ensuing consequences at heavy drinking colleges. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.70, (5), 726-734.2009.
  • DeSimone, Jeffrey S.. The Impact of Employment during School on College Student Academic Performance. NBER Working Papers #14006.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2008.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Liang, Lan, Huang, Jidong. Go out or stay in? The effects of zero tolerance laws on alcohol use and drinking and driving patterns among college students. Health Economics.17, (11), 1261-1275.2008.
    • ID: 10.1002/hec.1321 (DOI)
  • DeSimone, Jeffrey S.. Fraternity Membership and Drinking Behavior. NBER Working Papers #13262.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2007.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Ciecierski, Christina Czart, Chatterji, Pinka, Chaloupka, Frank J., Wechsler, Henry. Do State Expenditures on Tobacco Control Programs Decrease Use of Tobacco Products Among College Students?. NBER Working Papers #12532.Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. 2006.
    • ID: (URL)
  • Williams J, Pacula RL, Chaloupka FJ, Wechsler H. College students' use of cocaine. Substance Use and Misuse.41, (4), 489-509.2006.
    • ID: 10.1080/10826080500521755 (DOI)
  • Teter, CJ, McCabe, SE, Cranford, JA, Boyd, CJ, Guthrie, SK. Prevalence and motives for illicit use of prescription stimulants in an undergraduate student sample. Journal of American College Health.53, (6), 253-262.2005.
    • ID: 10.3200/JACH.53.6.253-262 (DOI)
  • Dunigan, Robert. Factors associated with drinking, binge drinking, and alcohol related problems among African American college students. Dissertation, Brandeis University. 2004.
  • Weitzman, E.R., Nelson, T.F., Lee, H., Wechsler, H.. Reducing drinking and related harms in college evaluation - Evaluation of the 'A matter of degree' program. American Journal of Preventive Medicine.27, (3), 187-196.2004.
    • ID: 10.1016/j.amepre.2004.06.008 (DOI)
  • Weitzman, Elissa R., Nelson, Toben F.. College student binge drinking and the 'prevention paradox': Implications for prevention and harm reduction. Journal of Drug Education.34, (3), 247-266.2004.
    • ID: 10.2190/W6L6-G171-M4FT-TWAP (DOI)
  • Williams, J., Pacula, Rosalie L., Chaloupka, Frank J., Wechsler, Henry. Alcohol and marijuana use among college students: Economic complements or substitutes?. Health Economics.13, (9), 825-843.2004.
    • ID: 10.1002/hec.859 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). Study finds alcohol control policies deter underage drinking. Brown University Digest of Addiction Theory and Application.22, (4), 5-6.2003.
  • Maucieri, Lawrence P., Jr.. Predicting behavior with an artificial neural network: A comparison with linear models of prediction. Dissertation, Fordham University. 2003.
  • Mohler-Kuo, Meichun, Lee, Jae Eun, Wechsler, Henry. Trends in Marijuana and other illicit drug use among college students: Results from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study Surveys--1993-2001. Journal of American College Health.52, (1), 17-24.2003.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448480309595719 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Kuo, M.. Watering down the drinks: The moderating effect of college demographics on alcohol use of high-risk groups. American Journal of Public Health.93, (11), 1929-1933.2003.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.93.11.1929 (DOI)
  • Williams, Jenny, Powell, Lisa M., Wechsler, Henry. Does alcohol consumption reduce human capital accumulation? Evidence from the College Alcohol Study. Applied Economics.35, (10), 1227-1239.2003.
    • ID: 10.1080/0003684032000090735 (DOI)
  • Gassman, Ruth A., Demone, Harold W., Wechsler, Henry. College students' drinking: Master's in social work compared with undergraduate students. Health and Social Work.27, (3), 184-192.2002.
    • ID: 10.1093/hsw/27.3.184 (DOI)
  • Harford, Thomas C., Wechsler, Henry, Muthen, Bengt O.. The impact of current residence and high school drinking on alcohol problems among college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.63, (3), 271-279.2002.
  • Hoover, Eric. Binge Thinking: Henry Wechsler Has Defined the Student-Drinking Problem, for Better or Worse. Chronicle of Higher Education.49, (11), A.34 -2002.
  • Keeling, Richard P.. Binge drinking and the college environment. Journal of American College Health.50, (5), 197-201.2002.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448480209595712 (DOI)
  • Nelson, Toben F.. Errata. Journal of American College Health.51, (1), 37 -2002.
  • O'Malley, Patrick M., Johnston, Lloyd D.. Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.63, (2), 23-39.2002.
  • Wechsler, Henry, Lee, Jae Eun, Kuo, Meichun, Seibring, Mark, Nelson, Toben F., Lee, Hang. Trends in college binge drinking during a period of increased prevention efforts: Findings from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study Surveys: 1993-2001. Journal of American College Health.50, (5), 203-217.2002.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448480209595713 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Lee, Jae Eun, Nelson, Toben F., Kuo, Meichun. Underage college students' drinking behavior, access to alcohol, and the influence of deterrence policies: Findings from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study. Journal of American College Health.50, (5), 223-236.2002.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448480209595714 (DOI)
  • Wolaver, Amy M.. Effects of heavy drinking in college on study effort, grade point average, and major choice. Contemporary Economic Policy.20, (4), 415-428.2002.
    • ID: 10.1093/cep/20.4.415 (DOI)
  • Czart, Christina U.. The impact of alcohol control policies on alcohol use and abuse among college students. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Chicago. 2001.
  • Wechsler, Henry, Nelson, Toben F.. Binge Drinking and the American College Student: What's Five Drinks?. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.15, (4), 287-291.2001.
    • ID: 10.1037/0893-164X.15.4.287 (DOI)
  • Anonymous. National study finds increase in college binge drinking. Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Weekly.12, (13), 4 -2000.
  • Gledhill-Hoyt, Jeana, Lee, Hang, Strote, Jared, Wechsler, Henry. Increased use of marijuana and other illicit drugs at US colleges in the 1990s: Results of three national surveys. Addiction.95, (11), 1655-1667.2000.
    • ID: 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2000.951116556.x (DOI)
  • Rigotti, Nancy A., Lee, Jae Eun, Wechsler, Henry. US college students' use of tobacco products: Results of a national survey. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.284, (6), 699-705.2000.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.284.6.699 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Lee, Jae Eun, Kuo, Meichun, Lee, Hang. College binge drinking in the 1990s: A continuing problem: Results of the Harvard School of Public Health 1999 College Alcohol Study. Journal of American College Health.48, (5), 199-210.2000.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448480009599305 (DOI)
  • Weitzman, Elissa R., Kawachi, Ichiro. Giving means receiving: The protective effect of social capital on binge drinking on college campuses. American Journal of Public Health.90, (12), 1936-1939.2000.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.90.12.1936 (DOI)
  • DeJong, William, Winsten, Jay A.. The Use of Designated Drivers by US College Students: A National Study. Journal of American College Health.47, (4), 151 -1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448489909595640 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Molnar, Beth E., Davenport, Andrea E., Baer, John S.. College Alcohol Use: A Full or Empty Glass?. Journal of American College Health.47, (6), 247-252.1999.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448489909595655 (DOI)
  • (author unknown). College drinking still seen as major problem, study says. American Medical News.41, (37), 39 -1998.
  • Emmons, Karen M., Wechsler, Henry, Dowdall, George, Abraham, Melissa. Predictors of smoking among US college students. American Journal of Public Health.88, (1), 104-107.1998.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.88.1.104 (DOI)
  • Meilman, Philip W., Cashin, Jeffrey R., McKillip, Jack, Presley, Cheryl A.. Understanding the Three National Databases on Collegiate Alcohol and Drug Use. Journal of American College Health.46, (4), 159 -1998.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448489809595603 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Austin, S. Bryn. Binge Drinking: The Five/Four Measure. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.59, 122-123.1998.
  • Wechsler, Henry, Dowdall, George W., Maenner, Gretchen, Gledhill-Hoyt, Jeana, Lee, Hang. Changes in binge drinking and related problems among American college students between 1993 and 1997. Journal of American College Health.47, (2), 57-68.1998.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448489809595621 (DOI)
  • Bell, Rick, Wechsler, Henry, Johnston, Lloyd D.. Correlates of College Student Marijuana Use: Results of a US National Survey. Addiction.92, (5), 571-582.1997.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1997.tb02914.x (DOI)
  • Chaloupka, Frank J., Wechsler, Henry. Price, tobacco control policies and smoking among young adults. Journal of Health Economics.16, (3), 359-373.1997.
    • ID: 10.1016/S0167-6296(96)00530-9 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Davenport, Andrea E., Dowdall, George W., Grossman, Susan J., Zanakos, Sophia I.. Binge Drinking, Tobacco, and Illicit Drug Use and Involvement in College Athletics. Journal of American College Health.45, (5), 195 -1997.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448481.1997.9936884 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Fulop, Mark, Padilla, Annette, Lee, Hang, Patrick, Kevin. Binge Drinking Among College Students: A Comparison of California With Other States. Journal of American College Health.45, (6), 273 -1997.
    • ID: 10.1080/07448481.1997.9936897 (DOI)
  • Chaloupka, Frank J., Wechsler, Henry. Binge drinking in college: The impact of price, availability, and alcohol control policies. Contemporary Economic Policy.14, (4), 112-124.1996.
    • ID: 10.1111/j.1465-7287.1996.tb00638.x (DOI)
  • Perkins, H. Wesley, Wechsler, Henry. Variation in perceived college drinking norms and its impact on alcohol abuse: A nationwide study. Journal of Drug Issues.26, (4), 961-974.1996.
  • Wechsler, Henry. Alcohol and the American college campus. Change.28, (4), 20-26.1996.
    • ID: 10.1080/00091383.1996.9937758 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Kuh, George, Davenport, Andrea E.. Fraternities, Sororities and Binge Drinking: Results From a National Study of American Colleges. NASPA Journal.33, 260-279.1996.
  • Wechsler, Henry, Dowdall, George W., Davenport, Andrea, Castillo, Sonia. Correlates of college student binge drinking. American Journal of Public Health.85, (7), 921-926.1995.
    • ID: 10.2105/AJPH.85.7.921 (DOI)
  • Wechsler, Henry, Dowdall, George W., Davenport, Andrea, Rimm, Eric B.. A gender-specific measure of binge drinking among college students. American Journal of Public Health.85, (7), 982-985.1995.
  • Wechsler, Henry, Moeykens, B., Davenport, A., Castillo, S., Hansen, J.. The adverse impact of heavy episodic drinkers on other college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol.56, (6), 628-634.1995.
  • Wechsler, Henry, Davenport, Andrea, Dowdall, George, Moeykens, Barbara, Castillo, Sonia. Health and behavioral consequences of binge drinking in college: A national survey of students at 140 campuses. JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association.272, (21), 1672-1677.1994.
    • ID: 10.1001/jama.272.21.1672 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-01-30 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-01-30

Wechsler, Henry (1996): Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study, 1993. Version 4. Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study Series. Version: v4. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.