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Data and Code for: Maternal Depression, Women's Empowerment, and Parental Investment: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset : experimental data, program source code, text
Creator
  • Baranov, Victoria (University of Melbourne)
  • Bhalotra, Sonia (University of Essex)
  • Biroli, Pietro (University of Zurich (Switzerland))
  • Maselko, Joanna (University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill)
Publication Date
2020-01-03
Funding Reference
  • ESRC
    • Award Number: ES/L009153/1
  • Grand Challenges Canada
    • Award Number: 0072-03
Free Keywords
mental health; maternal depression; women's labor supply; empowerment; early life; parenting; child development; randomized controlled trial; RCT; Pakistan
Description
  • Abstract

    We evaluate the medium-term impacts of treating maternal depression on women's mental health, financial empowerment, and parenting decisions. We leverage variation induced by a cluster-randomized control trial that provided psychotherapy to 903 prenatally depressed mothers in rural Pakistan. It was one of the world's largest psychotherapy interventions, and it dramatically reduced postpartum depression. Seven years after psychotherapy concluded, we returned to the study site to find that impacts on women's mental health had persisted, with a 17% reduction in depression rates. The intervention also improved women's financial empowerment and increased both time- and money-intensive parental investments by between 0.2 and 0.3 standard deviations.
  • Technical Information

    Response Rates: The starting experimental sample consisted of 463 treated and 440 control mothers. At the 7-year follow-up, we located 295 of the control dyads and 289 of the intervention arm dyads, together corresponding to 64.8% of the baseline sample.A third of the attrition was due to child mortality which was not different by treatment status. The non-experimental group interviewed at the 7-year follow-up consisted of 300 mother-child dyads, 150 from each arm.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2005-01-01 / 2013-12-31
    Time Period: Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2005--Tue Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2013
Geographic Coverage
  • Pakistan
Sampled Universe
The Thinking Healthy Program (THP) was a cluster-randomized trial addressing perinatal depression in rural Punjab, Pakistan. 
The trial was randomized across 40 clusters, these being Union Councils, the smallest geopolitical unit. Twenty clusters were randomizedinto receiving the intervention and twenty to the control arm. Womenwere enrolled during April 2005-March 2006. All women in their thirdtrimester of pregnancy (married, ages 16-45, no other significant illness)who met the DSM-IV criteria for Major Depressive Episode were invitedto participate in the study. A total of 3898 women were identified, with8% refusing before any assessment, and 2% were not found. 
A total of 3518 women were assessed for clinical depression, with 903(26%) identified as prenatally depressed, a prevalence consistent withprevious estimates for this region (Rahman et al., 2003). There were 463depressed mothers in the clusters randomized to the intervention, and440 in the control arm. Only women diagnosed as depressed completedthe baseline survey. 
Sampling
All women in their third trimester of pregnancy (married, ages 16-45, no other significant illness) who met the DSM-IV criteria for Major Depressive Episode were invited to participate in the study. A total of 3898 women were identified, with 8% refusing before any assessment, and 2% were not found. 
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)~~computer-assisted self interview (CASI)~~

Availability
Download
Publications
  • Baranov, Victoria, Sonia Bhalotra, Pietro Biroli, and Joanna Maselko. â¿¿Maternal Depression, Womenâ¿¿s Empowerment, and Parental Investment: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial.⿝ American Economic Review, n.d.

Update Metadata: 2020-02-28 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-02-28

Baranov, Victoria; Bhalotra, Sonia; Biroli, Pietro; Maselko, Joanna (2020): Data and Code for: Maternal Depression, Women's Empowerment, and Parental Investment: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/E111366V1