Replication data and code for: Rural Roads and Local Economic Development

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data, census/enumeration data, other, program source code
  • Asher, Sam (World Bank and Johns Hopkins SAIS)
  • Novosad, Paul (Dartmouth College)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Harvard University. Center for International Development
  • Harvard University. Department of Economics. Warburg Fund
  • NSF Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant
    • Award Number: 1156205
    • Award Number: GA-C3-RA1-354
  • International Growth Center
    • Award Number: 1-VCU-VINC-VXXXX-35310
Free Keywords
Rural roads
  • Abstract

    These files contain the data and code for the journal article "Rural Roads and Local Economic Development," American Economic Review. Please start with the readme, which contains a detailed description of all files in this repository and instructions for the replication of results in the article.

    Nearly one billion people worldwide live in rural areas without access to national paved road networks. We estimate the impacts of India’s $40 billion national rural road construction program using a fuzzy regression discontinuity design and comprehensive household and firm census microdata. Four years after road construction, the main effect of new feeder roads is to facilitate the movement of workers out of agriculture. However, there are no major changes in agricultural outcomes, income or assets. Employment in village firms expands only slightly. Even with better market connections, remote areas may continue to lack economic opportunities.

  • Technical Information

    Presence of Common Scales: Indian National Classification of Occupations (2004)
Temporal Coverage
  • 2000-01-01 / 2013-12-31
    Time Period: Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2000--Tue Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2013
Geographic Coverage
  • India
Sampled Universe
Villages in India without paved roads in 2000. Smallest Geographic Unit: Village
The main analysis sample is comprised of villages that did not have a paved approach road at the start of the road construction program and whose baseline populations were close to the cutoffs used for prioritization.
  • Is supplement to
    DOI: 10.1257/aer.20180268 (Text)
  • Asher, Sam, and Paul Novosad. “Rural Roads and Local Economic Development.” American Economic Review 110, no. 3 (March 2020): 797–823.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.20180268 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-06-24 | Issue Number: 6 | Registration Date: 2020-02-28