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Jacob Kaplan's Concatenated Files: National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) Data, 1991-2018

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
Creator
  • Kaplan, Jacob (University of Pennsylvania)
Publication Date
2020-01-01
Free Keywords
NIBRS; UCR; crime; hate crimes; arrest; national incident-based reporting system; FBI; violent crime; property crimes; national crime statistics (USA); computer related crimes; Uniform Crime Reports; crime patterns; white collar crime; drug related crimes
Description
  • Abstract

    For any questions about this data please email me at jacob@crimedatatool.com. If you use this data, please cite it.
    These data are the FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) data for years 1991-2018. NIBRS data are incident-level data that have highly detailed information for each crime that is reported to the police agency. This data has 10 segments. Each segment has different data about the crime.

    • Administrative
      • Basic information about the crime incident - this is basically metadata about the other segments for this crime. This includes the date of the crime, the number of offense segments, the number of victim segments, the number of offender segments, the number of arrestee segments, if the crime was cleared exceptionally and (if it was) what date it was cleared.
    • Arrestee
      • Arrestee-level information for those who are arrested. This includes demographics (age, sex, race, ethnicity), the date of the arrest (can be different than the date of the crime), what weapon (if any) was used, and the outcome of the case if the arrestee was a juvenile.
    • Group B Arrest Reports
      • Arrestee-level information for those who are arrested for Group B crimes. This includes the same variables as the arrestee segment.
    • Offender
      • Offender-level information for each offender. Includes offender demographics (age, sex, race, ethnicity).
    • Offense
      • Detailed information about each crime. Includes the weapon used (if any), the location of the crime, if the offender was intoxicated (including drugs and alcohol), and what their bias motivation (if any) was (if there is one, this would be considered a hate crime).
    • Property
      • Information about property involved in the crime (i.e. drugs or stolen property). This includes the value of the property, what type of the property it was, when it was recovered. For drugs, this includes the drug and its quantity.
    • Victim
      • Victim-level information for each victim of a crime. Includes victim demographics (age, sex, race, ethnicity), injury, and relationship to the offender(s).
    • Window Arrestee
      • Windows segments have the same columns as their non-window counterparts and are incidents that occurred prior to the year of data or prior to when the agency started reporting to NIBRS.
    • Window Exceptional Clearance
      • Windows segments have the same columns as their non-window counterparts and are incidents that occurred prior to the year of data or prior to when the agency started reporting to NIBRS.
    • Window Property
      • Windows segments have the same columns as their non-window counterparts and are incidents that occurred prior to the year of data or prior to when the agency started reporting to NIBRS.

    Due to the large file size, each year is its own file. All segment headers are available except for the batch headers. What I did here was read the data into R and save it as R and Stata files. No other changes to the data were made.
    All the data was is from the FBI and read into R using the package asciiSetupReader. All work to clean the data and save it in various file formats was also done in R. For the R code used to clean this data, see here. https://github.com/jacobkap/crime_data. The data was downloaded as NIBRS Master Files for each year from the FBI's Crime Data Explorer website - https://crime-data-explorer.fr.cloud.gov/downloads-and-docs.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1991-01-01 / 2018-12-31
    Time Period: Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1991--Mon Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2018
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Crimes in the United States
Smallest Geographic Unit: Police agency
Availability
Download

Update Metadata: 2020-03-19 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-03-19

Kaplan, Jacob (2020): Jacob Kaplan's Concatenated Files: National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) Data, 1991-2018. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/E118281V1