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Importing Political Polarization? The Electoral Consequences of Rising Trade Exposure

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset
Creator
  • Autor, David (MIT Economics)
Publication Date
2020-03-19
Funding Reference
  • Russell Sage Foundation
    • Award Number: RSF-85-12-07
  • National Science Foundation
    • Award Number: SES-1227334
  • Swiss National Science Foundation
    • Award Number: BSSGI0-155804 and CRSII1-154446
  • Accenture LLP
  • Andrew Carnegie Fellows Program
  • Center on Global Transformation at UC San Diego
  • IBM Global Universities Program
  • Schmidt Sciences
  • Smith Richardson Foundation
    • Award Number: 2017-1465
Description
  • Abstract

    Replication files for AER forthcoming article, "Importing Political Polarization? The Electoral Consequences of Rising Trade Exposure"

    David Autor, David Dorn, Gordon Hanson, Kaveh Majlesi

    We document an ideological realignment in trade-exposed local labor markets between 2000 and 2016. Exploiting the exogenous component of rising China trade, we find that higher import exposure yielded increasing market share for the FOX News channel, stronger ideological polarization in campaign contributions, and greater likelihood of electing a Republican to Congress. Trade-exposed counties with majority white populations became more likely to elect a GOP conservative, while majority-minority counties became more likely to elect a liberal Democrat. Gains came at the expense of moderate Democrats. These results support a political economy literature connecting adverse economic shocks to sharp ideological realignments.
Availability
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Update Metadata: 2020-05-18 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-03-19

Autor, David (2020): Importing Political Polarization? The Electoral Consequences of Rising Trade Exposure. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/E118346V1