Effects of Copyrights on Science. Evidence from the WWII Book Republication Program
- Biasi, Barbara (Yale)
- Moser, Petra (NYU)
National Science Foundation
- Award Number: 1151180-Moser
AbstractCopyrights, which establish intellectual property in music, science, and other creative goods, are intended to encourage creativity. Yet, copyrights also raise the cost of accessing existing work - potentially discouraging future innovation. This paper uses an exogenous shift towards weak copyrights (and low access costs) during WWII to examine the potentially adverse effects of copyrights on science. Using two alternative identification strategies, we show that weaker copyrights encouraged the creation of follow-on science, measured by citations. This change is driven by a reduction in access costs, allowing scientists at less affluent institutions to use existing knowledge in new follow-on research.
1920-01-01 / 1970-12-31Time Period: Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1920--Thu Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1970
2014-01-01 / 2019-12-31Collection Date(s): Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2014--Tue Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2019
United States, Germany
Biasi, Barbara, and Petra Moser. “Effects of Copyrights on Science. Evidence from the WWII Book Republication Program.” American Economic Journal. Microeconomics forthcoming (n.d.).
Update Metadata: 2020-05-18 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-03-25