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German Emigration and Remigration Panelstudy (GERPS) 2018

Resource Type
  • Erlinghagen, Marcel (Universität Duisburg-Essen)
  • Schneider, Norbert (Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung)
Publication Date
  • SOKO Institut Bielefeld (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Income
    • Society, Culture
    • Community, Living Environment
    • Family
    • Education, School Systems
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Labour and employment
    • Demography and population
    • Education
    • Social and occupational mobility
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Health
    • Social stratification and groupings
    • Economics
    • Housing
  • Abstract

    Objective: The German Emigration and Remigration Panel Study (GERPS) is the data base developed within the project “Individuelle Konsequenzen internationaler Migration im Lebensverlauf” funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG) (project number 345626236). GERPS follows an origin-based sampling approach which allows to study individual consequences of international migrations form a life-course perspective. Apart the migration process and the sociodemographic attributes of international mobiles, the objective of GERPS is to conduct longitudinal data across the four following life domains: Employment and Income, Family and Partnership, Health and Well-being, and Social Networks and Participation. Method: The innovative study design of GERPS exploits information from German registers within a multistage stratified probability sample of emigrants and remigrants with German citizenship aged between 20 and 70 with a documented international migration between July 2017 and June 2018. Currently GERPS is comprising four waves covering a period of 24 months. The first wave started in November 2018 and ended in February 2019. The second wave started in May 2019, six months after the beginning of wave 1. The third wave started in November 2019 and ended in January 2020, six months after the beginning of wave 2. The fourth wave is scheduled for November 2020. Wave 1 includes information about 4.545 emigrants and 6.465 remigrants. Analytical potential & Questionnaire: The research design complements traditional immigrant surveys conducted in major destination countries by surveying emigrants and remigrants from the perspective of the country of origin. The origin-based sampling approach has at least three major advantages compared to traditional approaches where samples are drawn from immigrants in their destination countries: First, it enables comparative studies of emigrants in various destination countries and of remigrants returning from different destination countries. Second, as GERPS is organized as SOEP-related study, the research design enables comparisons of the internationally mobile population with non-migrants staying in the country of origin by drawing on the German Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP). Third, the research design allows comparative studies on emigrants and remigrants, providing the opportunity to analyse consequences of international migration from at least two perspectives – shortly after emigration and shortly after return. Each wave of GERPS covers questions on German migrant’s current living situation in the different areas of life, gradually enabling researchers to draw a picture of survey participants’ life course with every further wave. Additionally, each wave has its own focus: The first wave covers migration motives and the situation shortly before migration. This enables the realization of a hypothetical fifth retrospective measurement point, allowing researchers to reflect on causes and consequences of international migration right from the beginning. The second wave concentrates on income, labour market integration, and social background. The third wave covers in particular social and family relationships. The fourth wave will be supplemented by an open module.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2018-11-07 / 2019-02-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Collection Mode
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 265
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7583 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Ette, Andreas; Décieux, Jean; Erlinghagen, Marcel; Genoni, Andreas; Guedes Auditor, Jean; Knirsch, Frederik; Kühne, Simon; Mörchen, Luisa; Sand, Matthias; Schneider, Norbert; Witte, Nils (2020): German Emigration and Remigration Panel Study (GERPS): Methodology and Data Manual of the Baseline Survey (Wave 1). BiB Daten- und Methodenberichte 1/2020. Wiesbaden: Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung.
  • Ette, Andreas; Décieux, Jean P.; Erlinghagen, Marcel; Guedes Auditor, Jean; Mansfeld, Lisa; Sander, Nikola; Schneider, Norbert F.; Witte, Nils 2019a: German Emigration and Remigration Panel Study (GERPS): Neue GERPS-Daten über deutsche Aus- und Rückwandernde. In: Bevölkerungsforschung Aktuell 6-2019: 3–7.
  • Ette, Andreas; Guedes Auditor, Jean; Witte, Nils; Sander, Nikola; Erlinghagen, Marcel; Schneider, Norbert F. (2019): Gewinner der Globalisierung. Individuelle Konsequenzen von Auslandsaufenthalten und internationaler Mobilität. BiB Policy Brief 12-2019. Wiesbaden: BiB.
  • Erlinghagen, Marcel; Ette, Andreas; Schneider, Norbert; Witte, Nils; Décieux, Jean Philippe (2019): Internationale Migration zwischen hochentwickelten Staaten und ihre Konsequenzen für den Lebensverlauf. In: Burzan, Nicole (Ed.): Komplexe Dynamiken globaler und lokaler Entwicklungen. Verhandlungen des 39. Kongresses der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Soziologie in Göttingen 2018. Göttingen.\_2018/article/view/1026/1320
  • Lauterbach, Wolfgang; Ette, Andreas; Waibel, Stine (2017): Transnationale Bildungswanderungen zur Höherqualifizierung. In: Schlemmer, Elisabeth; Lange, Andreas; Kuld, Lothar (Eds.): Handbuch Jugend im demografischen Wandel. Weinheim: Beltz: 188–208.
  • Waibel, Stine; Rüger, Heiko; Ette, Andreas; Sauer, Lenore (2017): Career consequences of transnational educational mobility. A systematic literature review. Educational Research Review 20: 81–98.
  • Erlinghagen, Marcel (2016): Anticipation of Life Satisfaction Before Emigration: Evidence from German Panel Data. In: Tachibanaki, T. (ed.): Advances in Happiness Research. A Comparative Perspective. Tokyo et al.: Springer, 229-244.
  • Ette, Andreas; Sauer, Lenore; Scheller, Friedrich; Bekalarczyk, Dawid; Erlinghagen, Marcel; Engler, Marcus; Schneider, Jan; Schultz, Caroline (2015): International Mobil. Dokumentation der Befragung von Auswanderern und Rückwanderern aus Deutschland. BiB Daten- und Methodenberichte 1/2015. Wiesbaden: Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung.
  • Engler, M.; Erlinghagen, M.; Ette, A.; Sauer, L.; Scheller, F.; Schneider, J.; Schultz, C. (2015): International Mobil. Motive, Rahmenbedingungen und Folgen der Aus- und Rückwanderung deutscher Staatsbürger. Berlin: Sachverständigenrat deutscher Stiftungen für Integration und Migration.
  • Erlinghagen, Marcel (2011): Nowhere Better Than Here? The Subjective Well-Being of German Emigrants and Remigrants. In: Comparative Population Studies 36 (4), 899-926.
  • Ette, Andreas; Sauer, Lenore (2010): Auswanderung aus Deutschland. Daten und Analysen zur internationalen Migration deutscher Staatsbürger. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.
  • Erlinghagen, Marcel; Stegmann, Tim; Wagner, Gert G. (2009): Deutschland ein Auswanderungsland? In: DIW Wochenbericht 76, S. 663-669.

Update Metadata: 2020-03-26 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-03-26

Erlinghagen, Marcel; Schneider, Norbert (2020): German Emigration and Remigration Panelstudy (GERPS) 2018. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.