Security and Defence Policy Opinions in Germany 2014

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam
Publication Date
2020-04-29
Contributor
  • Ipsos Public Affairs, Berlin (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Armed Forces, Defense, Military Affairs
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Information society
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Psychology
Description
  • Abstract

    Since 1996, the Center for Military History and Social Sciences of the Federal Armed Forces (ZMSBw) has been conducting a survey among the German population on defense and security policy issues on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Defense. This study was continued in 2014. For this purpose, 2,480 people were interviewed on various topics in the period from 1 November to 7 December 2014. The survey focused in particular on the population´s perception of threats and sense of security, the perception of the Federal Armed Forces in society and attitudes towards foreign missions. Please also note the comments on the measurement of latency and methodological experiments in the section ´Further information´. Attitudes towards the Federal Armed Forces, media use, security policy opinion, foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces, tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces Topics: 1. Attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces (Part 1): associations with the Federal Armed Forces (open); agreement with various statements about the Federal Armed Forces (of course, that Germany has its own armed forces, the Federal Armed Forces is a normal part of society, feeling of inner solidarity with the Federal Armed Forces, contributes to the protection of our liberal system of values, feeling of gratitude for the Federal Armed Forces, embodies central values of our society such as freedom or justice) Positive or negative attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces; characteristics of the Federal Armed Forces (reliability, respect, honesty, humanity, responsibility, bravery, helpfulness, non-violence, comradeship, tolerance); importance of the Federal Armed Forces for Germany; feelings associated with the Federal Armed Forces (pride, happiness, gratitude, trust, esteem, enthusiasm, curiosity, fear, doubt, anger, contempt, disappointment, dislike, incomprehension); the importance of various foreign and security policy objectives of the Federal Government (securing world peace, promoting the spread of democracy and the rule of law, contributing to respect for human rights worldwide, promoting economic development in poorer countries, combating international terrorism, providing disaster relief, environmental protection, strengthening the European Union´s ability to act, securing Germany´s energy supply, ensuring free world trade, guaranteeing Germany´s security and stability, commitment to arms control and disarmament). 2. Media use: frequency of use of various media in everyday life (tabloids, regional daily newspapers, national newspapers and business papers, news magazines, weekly newspapers, private television, public television, news channels, radio stations, Internet: forums, blogs or social networks, photo or video portals). 3. Security policy opinion: feeling of being threatened by: job loss or not being able to find a job, insufficient financial security in case of unemployment or old age, worldwide environmental destruction, worldwide climate change due to global warming, major natural disasters, nuclear, chemical or biological weapons in the hands of terrorists, military attack on Germany, terrorist attacks in Germany, worldwide spread of a dangerous disease or epidemic; assessment of the current security situation of the country; personal feeling of security; increase vs. decrease in the responsibility to be borne by Germany at international level; preference for a more active vs. rather passive international policy of Germany; concern about a new Cold War between Russia and the West due to the Ukraine conflict; agreement to statements on Germany´s role in the Ukraine conflict (Germany should stand firmly on the side of the Western allies in the Ukraine conflict, should provide military support to Ukraine, should assume a mediating role, should stay out of the Ukraine conflict as much as possible, should limit its economic relations with Russia, should have more understanding for Russia´s position) 4. Attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces (Part 2): reputation of the Federal Armed Forces among the interviewee; reputation of the Federal Armed Forces among most other people in Germany; personal relation to the Federal Armed Forces (interviewee is or was himself in the Federal Armed Forces, close relative/ member of the circle of friends or acquaintances was or is is in the Federal Armed Forces, location of the Federal Armed Forces close to home, disaster mission of the Federal Armed Forces close to home); perception of the Federal Armed Forces in the last 12 months on the following occasions: in everyday life, at public events, conversations with friends, relatives or colleagues, during television broadcasts or on the radio, articles on the Internet and reports in newspapers and magazines; personal impression of the Federal Armed Forces on the respective occasions; activities directly related to the Federal Armed Forces (someone who wanted to become a soldier in the Federal Armed Forces, encouraged or discouraged in his or her wish to do so, support of the Federal Armed Forces expressed by wearing or attaching stickers or the like, contradicted if someone talked badly or well about the Federal Armed Forces, took part in public events of the Federal Armed Forces such as a public pledge or protests against public events); opinion about the Federal Armed Forces as an employer (would recommend the Federal Armed Forces as an employer, would express a positive opinion about the Federal Armed Forces in discussions about the topic of career choice, would encourage friends to apply for a job in the Federal Armed Forces, would advise against the Federal Armed Forces as an employer, would recommend a family member to choose the Federal Armed Forces as an employer) 5. Foreign deployments of the Federal Armed Forces: perception of various foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces (ISAF mission in Afghanistan, KFOR mission in Kosovo, ATALANTA mission off the coast of Somalia, UNIFIL mission off the coast of Lebanon, Active Fence mission in Turkey, EUTM mission in Mali, UNMEER mission in West Africa); approval of Federal Armed Forces participation in the respective foreign missions; assessment of the success of the Federal Armed Forces ISAF mission in Afghanistan; opinion on German participation in another foreign mission such as ISAF in the next two years. 6. Internal efficacy, political participation: interest in defence policy; regular information about defence policy; internal effectiveness (trust me to play an active role in a group dealing with defence policy issues, generally little knowledge about the Federal Armed Forces, good understanding of defence policy issues, defence policy is too complicated); own forms of political participation (approaching a politician, working in a political party or in a citizens´ initiative, taking part in a demonstration); importance of defence policy issues compared to other political issues; expression of personal opinion on defence policy issues. 7. Tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces: preferences with regard to the tasks of the Federal Armed Forces (e.g. fending off military attacks on Germany, maintaining peace and order within Germany, participation in the fight against international terrorism, etc.); opinion on increasing defence expenditure; opinion on increasing the number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers; agreement to equipping the Federal Armed Forces with armed drones 8. Comparison of institutions: institutional trust (public schools, German Bundestag, statutory pension insurance, political parties, Federal Employment Agency, trade unions, Federal Constitutional Court, statutory health insurance, Federal Armed Forces, police, Protestant Church, Catholic Church, Federal Criminal Police Office, Federal Intelligence Service, Federal Government, Office for the Protection of the Constitution); reasons for trust or lack of trust in the Federal Armed Forces. 9. Personality, attitude towards surveys: self-characterisation (Big 5: reserved, trustful, comfortable, relaxed, little artistic interest, sociable, prone to criticism, completed tasks thoroughly, slightly nervous and insecure, active imagination); opinion on surveys (likes to participate in scientific or commercial surveys, scientific or commercial interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology, interest in the field of science and technology) scientific or commercial surveys are useful/reliable); evaluation of the survey (too long, unclearly formulated questions, survey was fun); previous participation in a survey; frequency of survey participation in the last five years; type of these surveys (mainly scientific/commercial); evaluation of the experience gained). 10. Political attitude: left-right self-assessment; party preference (Sunday question). Demography: Sex; age; marital status; children; age of these children; household size; number of children under 16 in the household; highest educational attainment; employment status; activity if not employed; net household income. Additionally coded were: sequential number, interviewer number sequential, case number, interviewer number; age, sex, school education and nationality of the interviewer; length of employment as an interviewer at Ipsos (since year); interview date (day, month, year); time of beginning and end of interview (time); duration of interview in minutes; size of town (BIK, political); federal state; weighting factors; split identifier. Measurement of latency times Within the framework of the survey, response latency was measured at two points. This was done by means of active computer-assisted response time measurement, in which the interviewer confirms a key after reading the question to record the respondent´s response latency time. The measurement was followed by a validation process in which the interviewer had to indicate whether the measurement was valid or not. The response latency period, between the end of the question and the input of the answer, was recorded in milliseconds. For example, a value of 1005 milliseconds corresponds to a latency of 1.005 seconds. Interviewer rating: Classification of the respondent or of the interview situation according to various points (seemed impatient, had difficulty understanding, was sympathetic, seemed interested, was motivated, commented on questions constantly, answers seemed to be random); respondent´s willingness to answer; change in respondent´s willingness to answer in the course of the survey; assessment of respondent´s knowledge of German; reliability of the information; reasons for unreliability of the information; presence of other persons during the interview; relationship of these persons to the interviewee; intervention of persons present in the interview; number of interviews already conducted for this survey; other comments on the interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-11-01 / 2014-12-07
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 16 and over living in private households in the Federal Republic of Germany
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 450
Note
In order to test the effect of different answer scales, the first part of the questionnaire consisted of three splits: All respondents received the same question formulations, but were asked to classify themselves on a 4 scale (split A), a 5 scale with a middle category (split B) or a 7 scale (split C). In the case of about 100 randomly selected respondents from Split C, one question was additionally followed up by so-called "follow-up probes". This means that after the persons were first to be classified on a 7-point scale, they were then asked to answer the question again on a 4-point scale. Measurement of latency times Within the framework of the survey, response latency was measured at two points. This was done by means of active computer-assisted response time measurement, in which the interviewer confirms a key after reading the question to record the respondent´s response latency time. The measurement was followed by a validation process in which the interviewer had to indicate whether the measurement was valid or not. The response latency period, between the end of the question and the input of the answer, was recorded in milliseconds. For example, a value of 1005 milliseconds corresponds to a latency of 1.005 seconds.
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7624 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 16 | Registration Date: 2020-04-29