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Security and Defence Policy Opinions in Germany 2013

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam
Publication Date
2020-05-04
Contributor
  • Ipsos Public Affairs, Berlin (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Political Issues
    • Armed Forces, Defense, Military Affairs
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Information society
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Employment
Description
  • Abstract

    Media use, security policy opinion, attitudes towards the Federal Armed Forces, Federal Armed Forces missions abroad, tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces, comparison of institutions, the Federal Armed Forces as an employer. Topics: 1. Media use: frequency of use of various media in everyday life (tabloids, regional daily newspapers, national newspapers and business papers, news magazines, weekly newspapers, private television, public television, news channels, radio stations, Internet: forums, blogs or social networks, photo or video portals); interest in various topics (combating unemployment, pension security, climate and environmental protection, equal rights, health care reform, the European debt crisis, the fight against rising prices, protection of personal liberty rights, the fight for social justice, securing free world trade, combating international terrorism, global peacekeeping, disaster control, foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces, reform of the Federal Armed Forces, everyday life of soldiers in the Federal Armed Forces) 2. Security policy opinion: feeling threatened by: severe economic crisis in Germany, cuts in social benefits, loss of or no job, insufficient financial security in the event of unemployment, old age and illness, an ageing society, immigration of foreigners to Germany, political extremism or religious fundamentalism in Germany, worldwide spread of a dangerous disease or epidemic, terrorist attacks in Germany or outside of Germany, nuclear, chemical or biological weapons in the hands of terrorists, wars or military conflicts in the world, military attack on the Federal Republic of Germany, worldwide climate change due to global warming, major natural disasters, severe economic crisis in Europe, rising prices, national debt of Germany resp. European countries; assessment of the current security situation of the country; personal feeling of security; Germany´s role in the world: increase vs. decrease of the responsibility to be borne by Germany on the international level; preference for a rather active vs. rather passive international policy of Germany; reasons why Germany helps to cope with problems and crises in other countries and regions or should keep out of it (open); importance of various foreign and security policy objectives of the Federal Government (securing world peace, promoting the spread of democracy and the rule of law, contributing to respect for human rights worldwide, promoting economic development in poorer countries, combating international terrorism, providing disaster relief, protecting the environment, strengthening the European Union´s ability to act, combating exploitation and oppression, limiting climate change, securing Germany´s energy supply, securing free world trade, guaranteeing Germany´s security and stability, commitment to arms control and disarmament). 3. Attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces: personal relationship to the Federal Armed Forces (respondent is or was himself in the Federal Armed Forces, close relative/ member of the circle of friends or acquaintances was or is in the Federal Armed Forces, Federal Armed Forces location near home, Federal Armed Forces disaster mission near home or personal to the respondent, other personal contacts - open); perception of the Federal Armed Forces in the last 12 months on the following occasions: in everyday life, at public events, conversations with friends, relatives or colleagues, during television broadcasts or on the radio, articles on the Internet and reports in newspapers and magazines; personal impression of the Federal Armed Forces on the respective occasions; positive or negative attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces; Reputation of the Federal Armed Forces (high esteem in the population, most people have a positive opinion of the Federal Armed Forces, soldiers are held in high esteem by the population, the Federal Armed Forces is an important part of the FRG, the Federal Armed Forces has proved useful in its missions at home or abroad); activities directly related to the Federal Armed Forces (a family member or friend who wanted to become a soldier in the Federal Armed Forces, has had his or her wish reinforced or advised against his wish, objected to if someone spoke badly or well about the Federal Armed Forces, took part in public events of the Federal Armed Forces such as a public pledge or protests against public events, participation in rallies with positive or negative statements about the Federal Armed Forces, letter to a newspaper with positive or negative statements about the Federal Armed Forces) . 4. Foreign Deployments of the Federal Armed Forces: perception of various foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces (ISAF mission in Afghanistan, KFOR mission in Kosovo, ATALANTA mission off the coast of Somalia, UNIFIL mission off the coast of Lebanon, Active Fence mission in Turkey, EUTM mission in Mali); approval or rejection of Federal Armed Forces participation in the respective foreign missions; attitude towards international missions of the Federal Armed Forces (participation does not matter personally, important for personal security, no effects on personal everyday life, Federal Armed Forces should in principle stay out of all international missions); Impact of the Federal Armed Forces´s ISAF mission in Afghanistan on various areas (security situation in the Federal Armed Forces-controlled region in northern Afghanistan, living conditions of the people in the controlled region, Afghanistan´s development opportunities, the fight against drug cultivation in Afghanistan, the fight against international terrorism, stability of the region as a whole, Germany´s standing in the Islamic world, security situation in Germany, standing of the Federal Armed Forces in the FRG, standing of the FRG in the Western world) Evaluation of the success of the ISAF mission of the Federal Armed Forces in Afghanistan; approval of the continuation of the ISAF mission of the Federal Armed Forces vs. Ending the ISAF mission and withdrawal of all Federal Armed Forces soldiers; reasons for this opinion (open); opinion on a participation of Germany in another foreign mission like ISAF in the near future; self-assessment Being informed about the foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces; interest in more detailed information about foreign missions; interest in topics (e.g. reality of the missions, dangers and risks for the soldiers, effects on Germany´s security, etc.); preferences with regard to the communication of information about the Federal Armed Forces´ missions abroad (soldiers who have themselves been deployed, Federal Ministry of Defence, Chancellor, Federal Foreign Office, political parties, media, independent experts, Federal President, Bundestag). 5. Tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces: preferences with regard to the tasks of the Federal Armed Forces abroad (e.g. preventing a terrorist attack on Germany, stabilising the security situation in a crisis region in Africa, participation in the fight against international terrorism, etc.) and in Germany (e.g. disaster relief, rescue of missing persons, defence in the event of a military attack on Germany, etc.); opinion on an increase in defence expenditure; opinion on an increase in the number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers; approval of equipping the Federal Armed Forces with armed drones; reasons for approving or rejecting equipping the Federal Armed Forces with armed drones; preferences with regard to equipping and arming the Federal Armed Forces. 6. Comparison of institutions: institutional trust (public schools, German Bundestag, statutory pension insurance, political parties, Federal Employment Agency, trade unions, Federal Constitutional Court, statutory health insurance, Federal Armed Forces, police, Protestant Church, Catholic Church, Federal Criminal Police Office, Federal Intelligence Service, Federal Government, Office for the Protection of the Constitution); reasons for trust or lack of trust in the Federal Armed Forces; assessment of the fulfilment of tasks by the above-mentioned institutions and organisations; reasons for good or bad fulfilment of tasks by the Federal Armed Forces (open). 7. The Federal Armed Forces as an employer: value preferences for personal lifestyle (e.g. fulfilment of duty, diligence, striving for security, etc.) Self characterisation (sociable, willing to discuss in larger groups, communicative after interesting experiences, often the focus of conversations with friends/acquaintances/colleagues, own opinion is valued by people in the personal environment, often asked for my opinion by friends); Opinion on the Federal Armed Forces as an employer (would recommend the Federal Armed Forces as an employer, would express a positive opinion about the Federal Armed Forces in conversations on the topic of career choice, would encourage friends to apply for a job in the Federal Armed Forces, would advise against the Federal Armed Forces as an employer, would recommend a family member to choose the Federal Armed Forces as an employer); reasons for or against a recommendation of the Federal Armed Forces as an employer; perception of the Federal Armed Forces (idea of working in the Federal Armed Forces, already heard a lot about the Federal Armed Forces, very interested in the topic Federal Armed Forces, much knowledge about the Federal Armed Forces in comparison with friends and acquaintances, frequent conversations with friends and acquaintances about the Federal Armed Forces, interest in reports about the Federal Armed Forces in the media) Evaluation of the Federal Armed Forces as an employer by members of the Federal Armed Forces (satisfied with their employer, proud of employment with the Federal Armed Forces, would recommend their employer to others, speak positively about their employer, feeling of close ties); achievement of personal goals (value preferences) with the Federal Armed Forces as an employer. Respondents older than 24 years: frequency of professional contacts with young people up to 25 years of age; type of professional contacts (e.g. as a teacher at a school, university, etc.); frequency of contacts with young people in leisure time; type of leisure activities (e.g. coach or supervisor in a sports club, etc.); how often asked by young people for their personal opinion about their professional future. Respondents younger than 25 years: personal importance of selected contacts when choosing a profession, employer or place of study (e.g. parents, siblings, teachers, etc.). Demography: sex; age; German citizenship; other citizenship; country of birth Germany; country of birth; highest school leaving certificate or desired school-leaving certificate; vocational training certificate; employment status; number of employment relationships in dependent employment; self-employed or freelance work; weekly working hours; activity if not gainfully employed; occupational status; net household income (grouped); party preference (Sunday question); knowledge of the death of a Bundeswehr soldier in Afghanistan at the beginning of May; knowledge of the stop ordered by the Federal Government in mid-May to procure the Euro Hawk reconnaissance drone. Additionally coded: case number ID; age groups; interviewer estimate of net household income; federal state; city size (political, BIK); weighting factors.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2013-05-13 / 2013-06-29
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German-speaking persons aged 16 and over in private households
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 431
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7623 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2020-05-04

Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam (2020): Sicherheits- und verteidigungspolitisches Meinungsbild in Deutschland 2013. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13506