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Security and Defence Policy Opinions in Germany 2012

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam
Publication Date
  • Ipsos Public Affairs, Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Issues
    • Armed Forces, Defense, Military Affairs
    • Work and Industry
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Family
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Working conditions
    • Employment
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Family life and marriage
  • Abstract

    Opinions on security policy, attitudes towards the Federal Armed Forces, Federal Armed Forces missions abroad, tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces, comparison of institutions, attractiveness of the employer, compatibility of family and career. Topics: 1. Security policy opinion: feeling of being threatened by: severe economic crisis in Germany, reduction of social benefits, loss of or no job, insufficient financial security in case of unemployment, old age and illness, ageing society, immigration of foreigners to Germany, political extremism or religious fundamentalism in Germany, worldwide spread of a dangerous disease or epidemic, terrorist attacks in Germany or outside of Germany, nuclear, chemical or biological weapons in the hands of terrorists, wars or military conflicts in the world, military attack on the Federal Republic of Germany, worldwide climate change due to global warming, major natural disasters, severe economic crisis in Europe, rising prices, national debt of Germany or the Federal Republic of Germany, European countries; assessment of the current security situation of the country; personal feeling of security; Germany´s role in the world: increase vs. decrease of the responsibility to be borne by Germany on the international level; preference for a rather active vs. rather passive international policy of Germany; reasons why Germany helps to cope with problems and crises in other countries and regions or should keep out of it (open); importance of various foreign and security policy objectives of the Federal Government (securing world peace, promoting the spread of democracy and the rule of law, contributing to respect for human rights worldwide, promoting economic development in poorer countries, combating international terrorism, providing disaster relief, protecting the environment, strengthening the European Union´s ability to act, combating exploitation and oppression, limiting climate change, securing Germany´s energy supply, securing free world trade, guaranteeing Germany´s security and stability, commitment to arms control and disarmament). 2. Attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces: positive or negative attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces; personal relation to the Federal Armed Forces (interviewee is or was himself in the Federal Armed Forces, close relative/ member of the circle of friends or acquaintances was or is in the Federal Armed Forces, location of the Federal Armed Forces close to home, disaster mission of the Federal Armed Forces close to home or for the interviewee personally, other personal contacts with the Federal Armed Forces - open). 3. Foreign deployments of the Federal Armed Forces: perception of various foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces (ISAF mission in Afghanistan, KFOR mission in Kosovo, ATALANTA mission off the coast of Somalia, UNIFIL mission in Lebanon); approval or rejection of Federal Armed Forces participation in the respective foreign missions; impact of the ISAF deployment of the Federal Armed Forces in Afghanistan on various areas (security situation in the Federal Armed Forces-controlled region in northern Afghanistan, living conditions of the people in the controlled region, Afghanistan´s development opportunities, the fight against drug cultivation in Afghanistan, the fight against international terrorism, stability of the region as a whole, Germany´s standing in the Islamic world, security situation in Germany, standing of the Federal Armed Forces in the FRG, standing of the FRG in the Western world); evaluation of the success of the ISAF mission of the Federal Armed Forces in Afghanistan; agreement on the continuation of the ISAF mission of the Federal Armed Forces vs. ending the ISAF mission and withdrawal of all Federal Armed Forces soldiers; reasons for this opinion (open); opinion on a participation of Germany in another foreign mission like ISAF in the near future. 4. Tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces: preferences with regard to the tasks of the Federal Armed Forces abroad (e.g. preventing a terrorist attack on Germany, stabilising the security situation in a crisis region in Africa, participation in the fight against international terrorism, etc.) and in Germany (e.g. disaster relief, rescue of missing persons, defence in the event of a military attack on Germany, etc.); opinion on increasing defence expenditure; opinion on increasing the number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers. 5. Comparison of institutions: trust in institutions (public schools, German Bundestag, statutory pension insurance, political parties, Federal Employment Agency, trade unions, Federal Constitutional Court, statutory health insurance, Federal Armed Forces, police, Protestant Church, Catholic Church, Federal Criminal Police Office, Federal Intelligence Service, Federal Government, Office for the Protection of the Constitution); reasons for trust or lack of trust in the Federal Armed Forces. 6.Attractiveness of the employer: area of employment (private sector, self-employed, public service, organisation or association); number of employees in the company or institution; sector; assessment of the current employer with regard to various work criteria (e.g. challenging and interesting work, self-development, constantly taking on new tasks, exemplary superiors, nice colleagues, dealing with many people, co-determination of all employees, camaraderie and teamwork, good pay, extensive social benefits, healthy working conditions, childcare facilities, etc.); reasons for trust or lack of trust in the Bundeswehr. ); satisfaction with the current employer; characterisation of the employment relationship with regard to: loyalty to the employer, motivation to work, identification with the employer and attractiveness of the employer; assessment of the Federal Armed Forces as a possible employer with regard to the above-mentioned work criteria. Persons aged 16 to 24 years: professional activity in the Federal Armed Forces as a soldier or as a civilian employee is conceivable; attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces as an employer (attractive employer, would like to be employed in the Federal Armed Forces, could well imagine joining the Federal Armed Forces, would only join the Federal Armed Forces if no other option, lack of attractive career prospects, employment in the Federal Armed Forces is out of the question under any circumstances). All persons from 16 to 65 years: personal attractiveness of different employers (e.g. Adidas, Airbus, Allianz Versicherung, BASF, Krauss-Maffei, Bertelsmann, BMW, German Red Cross, etc.). 7. Compatibility of family and work: care situation of children on an average weekday (number of hours); care of family members in need of care; care level of the family member in need of care; other extraordinary burdens in the private or family sphere; type of extraordinary burdens (open); burdensome occupational situation due to e.g. commuting, work under great time and performance pressure, frequent business trips, work at weekends or in shifts, overtime, etc. feeling of being burdened by the above-mentioned points; compatibility of work with private and family life; own efforts to better reconcile family and career (e.g. strongly structured and organised daily routine, shortening working hours in order to have more time for the family, renouncing leisure activities, etc.); further possibilities to better reconcile family and career (open); special offers of the employer to better reconcile family and career (e.g. e.g. flexible daily and weekly working hours, priority when planning holidays for employees with children, teleworking, etc. other special offers of the employer; taking advantage of these offers of the employer; preferences with regard to special offers of the employer; particularly important offers for a better work-life balance (open); satisfaction with the offers of the employer for a better work-life balance; effects of the professional situation on private and family life; relationship between working life and private and family life; satisfaction with different areas of life; overall life satisfaction; life events in the last five years (moving in with a partner, parenthood, new life partner, separation from a long-term partner, marriage, divorce); reasons for separation from partner in connection with work; reasons for separation (open). Demography: sex; age; marital status; living with a partner; number of children under 18 in the household; age of the children; German nationality; other nationality; country of birth Germany; country of birth; highest level of education or school-leaving qualification sought; vocational training qualification; employment status; number of employment relationships in dependent employment; self-employed or freelance; weekly working hours; activity if not gainfully employed; occupational status; net household income (grouped); party preference (Sunday question). Additionally coded: case number; age groups; federal state; city size; weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2012-08-29 / 2012-09-26
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German-speaking persons aged 16 and over in private households
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 554
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7622 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2020-05-04

Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam (2020): Sicherheits- und verteidigungspolitisches Meinungsbild in Deutschland 2012. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.