Replication Data for: The Separation and Reunification of Germany: Rethinking a Natural Experiment Interpretation of the Enduring Effects of Communism
- Becker, Sascha O. (Monash University)
- Mergele, Lukas (ifo Institute)
- Wößmann, Ludger (ifo Institute)
AbstractGerman separation in 1949 into a communist East and a capitalist West and their reunification in 1990 are commonly described as a natural experiment to study the enduring effects of communism. We show in three steps that the populations in East and West Germany were far from being randomly selected treatment and control groups. First, using pre-World War II data, the later border is already visible in many socio-economic characteristics. Second, World War II and the subsequent occupying forces affected East and West differently. Third, a selective fifth of the population fled from East to West Germany before the building of the Wall in 1961. In light of our findings, we propose a more cautious interpretation of the extensive literature on the enduring effects of communist systems on economic outcomes, political preferences, cultural traits, and gender roles.
Is supplement to
DOI: 10.1257/jep.34.2.143 (Text)
Becker, Sascha O., Lukas Mergele, and Ludger Woessmann. “The Separation and Reunification of Germany: Rethinking a Natural Experiment Interpretation of the Enduring Effects of Communism.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 34, no. 2 (Spring 2020): 143–71. https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.34.2.143.
- ID: 10.1257/jep.34.2.143 (DOI)
Update Metadata: 2020-05-18 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-05-04