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Replication Data for: A Century of the American Woman Voter: Sex Gaps in Political Participation, Preferences, and Partisanship Since Women’s Enfranchisement

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data, observational data, survey data
Creator
  • Cascio, Elizabeth (Dartmouth College)
  • Shenhav, Na'ama (Dartmouth College)
Publication Date
2020-05-04
Funding Reference
  • Dartmouth College
Free Keywords
voting; voting rights; voting behavior; gender
Description
  • Abstract

    This year marks the centennial of the Nineteenth Amendment, which provided American women a constitutional guarantee to the franchise. We assemble data from a variety of sources to document and explore trends in women’s political participation, issue preferences, and partisanship since that time. We show that in the early years following enfranchisement, women voted at much lower rates than men and held distinct issue preferences, despite splitting their votes across parties similarly to men. But by the dawn of the 21st century, women not only voted more than men, but also voted differently, systematically favoring the Democratic party. We find that the rise in women’s relative voter turnout largely reflects cross-cohort changes in voter participation and coincided with increasing rates of high school completion. By contrast, women’s relative shift toward the Democratic party permeates all cohorts and appears to owe more to changes in how parties have defined themselves than to changes in issue preferences. The findings suggest that a confluence of factors have led to the unique place women currently occupy in the American electorate, one where they are arguably capable of exerting more political influence than ever before.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1900-01-01 / 2016-12-31
    Time Period: Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1900--Sat Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2016 (Aggregate election returns and population span 1900-2016. Survey microdata on voting span correspond to 1940 to 2016 elections.)
Geographic Coverage
  • United States (national, regional, and state)
Sampled Universe
United States voting-age population.
Availability
Download
Relations
  • Is supplement to
    DOI: 10.1257/jep.34.2.24 (Text)
Publications
  • Cascio, Elizabeth, and Na’ama Shenhav. “A Century of the American Woman Voter:  Sex Gaps in Political Participation, Preferences, and Partisanship Since Women’s Enfranchisement.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 34, no. 2 (Spring 2020): 24–48. https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.34.2.24.
    • ID: 10.1257/jep.34.2.24 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-05-18 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-05-04

Cascio, Elizabeth; Shenhav, Na'ama (2020): Replication Data for: A Century of the American Woman Voter: Sex Gaps in Political Participation, Preferences, and Partisanship Since Women’s Enfranchisement. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/E117331V1