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Security and Defence Policy Opinions in Germany 2008

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam
Publication Date
2020-04-09
Contributor
  • TNS Emnid, Bielefeld (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Armed Forces, Defense, Military Affairs
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Information society
Description
  • Abstract

    Security policy opinion. Attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces. Foreign deployments of the Federal Armed Forces. Tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces. Personal relation to the Federal Armed Forces. Attitude towards compulsory military service. Attitude towards NATO and assessment of transatlantic relations. Confidence in institutions. Interest in security policy and media use. Topics: 1. Security policy opinion: feeling of being threatened by: severe economic crisis in Germany, cutbacks in social benefits, job loss or inability to find a job, insufficient financial security in case of unemployment, old age or illness, ageing society, immigration of foreigners to Germany, political extremism or religious fundamentalism in Germany, worldwide spread of a dangerous disease or epidemic, terrorist attacks in Germany or outside of Germany, nuclear, chemical or biological weapons in the hands of terrorists, wars or military conflicts in the world, military attack on Germany, worldwide climate change due to global warming, major natural disasters, worldwide environmental destruction, nuclear bombs in the hands of states such as Iran or North Korea, the resurgent military power Russia; personal sense of security; assessment of the current security situation in the country; Germany´s role in the world: increase vs. decrease in the responsibility that Germany has to bear at the international level; preferred options for Germany to assume responsibility at the international level (stronger involvement in the United Nations, the EU and NATO, more intensive cooperation with international courts, human rights organizations, environmental protection organizations and aid organizations, stronger independent involvement, stronger military involvement in foreign missions); preference for a more active vs. rather passive international policy of Germany; reasons why Germany helps to cope with problems and crises in other countries and regions or should stay out of it (open); importance of various foreign and security policy objectives of the Federal Government (securing world peace, promoting the spread of democracy and the rule of law, contributing to respect for human rights worldwide, promoting economic development in poorer countries, bridging the gap between rich and poor regions of the world, combating international terrorism, promoting respect for international law in the world, providing disaster relief, helping to ensure environmental protection, security and stability of the community of states, strengthen Europe and the foreign and security policy capacity of the European Union to act, combat exploitation and oppression, limit climate change, prevent nuclear armament in countries such as Iran or North Korea, shape and cultivate relations with the USA, maintain and further develop political and military cooperation in NATO, secure Germany´s energy supply, ensure free world trade, support the USA in setting up a missile defence system in Eastern Europe, guarantee Germany´s security and stability, protect its citizens); preferences with regard to cooperation with various institutions to achieve these foreign policy goals (UN, EU, NATO, OSCE, OECD, environmental protection associations, international courts of justice, human rights organizations, church institutions, African Union). 2. Attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces: Frequency of perception of the Federal Armed Forces on the following occasions: in everyday life, at public events, conversations with friends, relatives or colleagues, during television broadcasts, contributions on the Internet and reports in newspapers and magazines; personal impression of the Federal Armed Forces on the respective occasions; positive or negative attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces; assessment of the Federal Armed Forces with regard to: the performance of the Federal Armed Forces in its missions at home and abroad, the equipment and armament of the Federal Armed Forces, the integration of the Federal Armed Forces into society, military cooperation in NATO and the European Union, the public appearance and training of soldiers, and the attractiveness of the Federal Armed Forces as an employer; Knowledge about the Federal Armed Forces (number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers on foreign missions, current Federal Minister of Defence, forces of the Federal Armed Forces entrusted with the deployment of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), year of the beginning of the Federal Armed Forces’ foreign deployment within the framework of the ISAF peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, Approval of which institution required before the Federal Armed Forces can conduct an armed foreign deployment, country of the current foreign deployment of the Federal Armed Forces, duration of basic military service in months, situation of women in the Federal Armed Forces, number of female and male soldiers in the service of the Federal Armed Forces); personal advice to various persons in the social environment who are interested in enlisting as temporary soldiers in the Federal Armed Forces. 3. Foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces: knowledge of various foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces (United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Afghanistan (ISAF), NATO Peacekeeping Force in Kosovo (KFOR), EU Peacekeeping Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR), NATO´s anti-terrorism operation in the Mediterranean (Operation Active Endeavour), operation against international terrorism in the Horn of Africa (Operation Enduring Freedom), United Nations peacekeeping force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), deployment of German Tornado reconnaissance aircraft in Afghanistan within the framework of ISAF, deployment of a Quick Reaction Force of the Federal Armed Forces to support and secure ISAF deployment in northern Afghanistan) and agreement on the participation of the German Armed Forces in the respective foreign missions; Impact of the ISAF deployment of the Federal Armed Forces in Afghanistan on various areas (security situation in the Federal Armed Forces-controlled region in northern Afghanistan, deployment options for international aid organisations, living conditions of the people in the controlled region, educational opportunities for young men and women, Afghanistan´s development opportunities, the fight against drug cultivation in Afghanistan, the fight against international terrorism, stability of the region as a whole, Germany´s standing in the Arab world, the security situation in Germany, the standing of the Federal Armed Forces in Germany, Germany´s standing in the Western world) Evaluation of the success of the ISAF mission of the Federal Armed Forces in Afghanistan; goals of the Federal Government through the deployment of the Federal Armed Forces in Afghanistan (open); interest in more detailed information on the ISAF mission; interest in various topics concerning the mission in Afghanistan (e.g. reality of the mission for the soldiers, dangers and risks, effects on Germany´s security, etc.); preferred communication of this information by soldiers who have been on mission themselves, Federal Ministry of Defence, Chancellor, Foreign Office, political parties, media, independent experts, Federal President, Bundestag; opinion on the introduction of an award for extraordinary bravery; opinion on the honouring of the dead of the Federal Armed Forces by a memorial; split A to H (with different formulations, contexts and possible answers): opinion on selected foreign deployments of the Federal Armed Forces; agreement on the thesis of an increased risk of terrorism in Germany due to the participation of the Federal Armed Forces in the fight against terrorism (end Split A to H). 4. Tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces: preferences with regard to the tasks of the Federal Armed Forces abroad (e.g. preventing a terrorist attack on Germany, stabilising the security situation in a crisis region in Africa, participation in the fight against international terrorism, etc.) and in Germany (e.g. disaster relief, rescue of missing persons, defence in the event of a military attack on Germany, etc.) Opinion on an increase in defence expenditure; opinion on an increase in the number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers; preferred equipment of the Federal Armed Forces; countries on which Germany should base the equipment of its armed forces; preferred areas of application for additional tax revenues (ranking of three possibilities according to importance); preferred areas for savings with lower tax revenues (ranking of three options in order of importance); agreement on possible tasks of the Federal Armed Forces (defence of Germany, peacekeeping or peace-keeping UN measures, defence within NATO territory, combat operations under UN mandate). 5. Personal relation to the Federal Armed Forces (location of the Federal Armed Forces close to home, respondent is or was himself in the Federal Armed Forces in basic military service or alternative civilian service, as a temporary or professional soldier, close relative (father, mother, son, daughter) or other family member was or is in the Federal Armed Forces in basic military service or alternative civilian service, as a temporary or professional soldier). 6. Attitude towards military service: positive or negative attitude to military service; personal attitude to military service (should be abolished, existing systems of compulsory military service should be maintained unchanged, should apply not only to men but also to women, general compulsory service should be introduced for both men and women, with a choice between military service and other services to society, compulsory military service should in principle remain, but military service should be voluntary as long as it can meet the manpower requirements of the armed forces); expected development of the proportion of conscientious objectors to basic military service; reason for this development (open); opinion on the abolition of compulsory military service; presumed opinion of the majority of German citizens on the abolition of compulsory military service 7. Attitude towards NATO and assessment of transatlantic relations: NATO´s role for the security of the Western community of states (NATO has largely lost its function as a Western security alliance vs. will remain the most important security alliance of the Western states in the future); reasons why NATO will remain the most important security alliance in the future or why NATO has largely lost its function; Split A: Assessment of transatlantic relations between Germany and the USA; development of transatlantic relations between Germany and the USA; reasons for the improvement or deterioration of transatlantic relations between Germany and the USA (open); preferred development of relations with the USA in various areas such as environmental policy, economic policy, space travel, etc. (end of Split A); Split B: evaluation of relations between Germany and Russia; development of relations between Germany and Russia; reasons for the improvement or deterioration of relations between Germany and Russia (open); preferential development of relations with Russia in various areas such as environmental policy, economic policy, space travel, etc. (end of Split B). 8. institutional trust (public schools, German Bundestag, statutory pension insurance, political parties, Federal Employment Agency, trade unions, Federal Constitutional Court, statutory health insurance, Federal Armed Forces, police, Protestant Church, Catholic Church, Federal Criminal Police Office, Federal Intelligence Service, Federal Government); assessment of the fulfilment of tasks by the aforementioned institutions and organisations 9. Security policy interest and media use: political interest; frequency of use of various media in everyday life (tabloids, regional daily newspapers, national newspapers and business papers, news magazines, weekly newspapers, private television, public television, news channels, private radio, public radio, Internet: private forums, online editions of newspapers, magazines or television stations, Federal Armed Forces homepage, personal conversations with friends, acquaintances, colleagues or relatives, personal discussions with experts, participation in information events); interest in various topics e.g. domestic policy, economic policy, social policy, education policy, foreign policy, security policy, defence policy, sport, culture, etc.). Demography: sex; age (month and year of birth); marital status; own children; German nationality; highest level of education or school-leaving qualification sought; vocational training qualification; employment status; number of employment relationships in dependent employment; self-employed or freelance work; weekly working hours; activity if not fully employed; household size; number of persons contributing to household income; net household income (numerical and grouped); net personal income (numerical and grouped) Additionally coded: Respondent ID; city size; federal state; split; weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2008-05-28 / 2008-06-30
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
Persons aged 16 and over in private households
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 540
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7616 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2020-05-11

Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam (2020): Sicherheits- und verteidigungspolitisches Meinungsbild in Deutschland 2008. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13499