Security and Defence Policy Opinions in Germany 2007

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam
Publication Date
2020-05-12
Contributor
  • Ipsos, Mölln (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Armed Forces, Defense, Military Affairs
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Information society
Description
  • Abstract

    Security and threat perception. Security policy attitudes and the role of the Federal Republic in international politics. Public perception of the Federal Armed Forces and attitudes towards them. Attitudes towards foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces. Tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces. Attitudes towards conscription. Attitudes towards the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and NATO. Attractiveness of the military profession and the Federal Armed Forces. Evaluation of public institutions. Media use and acceptance of measures against terrorism. Topics: 1. Security and threat perception: feeling of being threatened by: severe economic crisis in Germany, reduction of social benefits, loss of or no job, insufficient financial security in case of unemployment, old age or illness, ageing society, immigration of foreigners to Germany, political extremism or religious fundamentalism in Germany, worldwide spread of a dangerous disease or epidemic, terrorist attacks in Germany or outside of Germany, nuclear, chemical or biological weapons in the hands of terrorists, wars or military conflicts in the world, military attack on Germany, worldwide climate change due to global warming, major natural disasters, worldwide environmental destruction, nuclear bombs in the hands of states such as Iran or North Korea, the resurgent military power Russia; personal sense of security; assessment of the country´s current security situation. 2. Security policy attitudes: Germany´s role in the world: increase vs. decrease in the responsibility Germany has to bear at the international level; preferred options for Germany to assume responsibility at the international level (stronger engagement in the United Nations, the EU and NATO, more intensive cooperation with international courts of justice, human rights organizations, environmental protection organizations and aid agencies, stronger independent engagement); preference for a more active vs. more passive international policy on the part of Germany; reasons why Germany helps to overcome problems and crises in other countries and regions or should stay out of it (open); importance of various foreign and security policy objectives of the Federal Government (securing world peace, promoting the spread of democracy and the rule of law, contributing to respect for human rights worldwide, promoting economic development in poorer countries, bridging the gap between rich and poor regions of the world, combating international terrorism, promoting respect for international law in the world, providing disaster relief, helping to ensure environmental protection, security and stability of the community of states, Strengthen Europe and the foreign and security policy capacity of the European Union to act, combat exploitation and oppression, limit climate change, prevent nuclear armament in countries such as Iran or North Korea, shape and cultivate relations with the USA, maintain and further develop political and military cooperation in NATO, secure Germany´s energy supply, ensure free world trade, support the USA in building a missile defence system in Eastern Europe); Preferences with regard to cooperation with various institutions to achieve these foreign policy goals (UN, EU, NATO, OSCE, OECD, environmental protection associations, international courts of justice, human rights organizations, church institutions, African Union). 3. Perception and assessment of the Federal Armed Forces: frequency of perception of the Federal Armed Forces on the following occasions: in everyday life, at public events, conversations in the family, with relatives, friends or colleagues, during television broadcasts, contributions on the Internet and reports in newspapers and magazines; personal impression of the Federal Armed Forces on the respective occasions; positive or negative attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces; assessment of the Federal Armed Forces with regard to: the performance of the Federal Armed Forces in its missions at home and abroad, equipment and armament of the Federal Armed Forces, integration of the Federal Armed Forces into society, military cooperation in NATO and the European Union, the public appearance of the soldiers and the training of the soldiers; Knowledge about the Federal Armed Forces (number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers on foreign missions, current Federal Minister of Defence, Federal Armed Forces entrusted with the deployment of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), year of the beginning of the Federal Armed Forces´ foreign deployment within the framework of the ISAF peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, decision-makers on the Federal Armed Forces´ foreign missions, country of the Federal Armed Forces´ current foreign deployment, duration of basic military service in months, situation of women in the Federal Armed Forces, document on Germany´s security and defence policy published in 2006). 4. Foreign Deployments of the Federal Armed Forces: knowledge of various foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces (United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Afghanistan (ISAF), NATO Peacekeeping Force in Kosovo (KFOR), EU Peacekeeping Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR), NATO´s anti-terrorism operation in the Mediterranean (Operation Active Endeavour), operation against international terrorism (Operation Enduring Freedom), United Nations peacekeeping force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), deployment of German Tornado reconnaissance aircraft in Afghanistan within the framework of ISAF, deployment of Federal Armed Forces fire-fighting helicopters in the forest fire disaster in Greece) and agreement to a participation of the Federal Armed Forces in the respective foreign missions Impact of the ISAF deployment of the Federal Armed Forces in Afghanistan on various areas (security situation in the region controlled by the German Armed Forces in northern Afghanistan, deployment possibilities of international aid organisations in the controlled region, living conditions of the people in the controlled region, educational opportunities for young men and women in the controlled region, development opportunities in Afghanistan, the fight against drug cultivation in Afghanistan, the fight against international terrorism, stability of the region as a whole, Germany´s standing in the Arab world, the security situation in Germany, the standing of the German Federal Armed Forces in Germany, the standing of the Federal Republic of Germany in the Western world); evaluation of the success of the ISAF mission of the Federal Armed Forces in Afghanistan; agreement on various positions regarding the participation of the Federal Armed Forces in the ISAF mission in Afghanistan (continue to participate in the ISAF mission and support the reconstruction of the country, end the ISAF mission immediately and withdraw all soldiers, increase the number of soldiers or also deploy Tornado reconnaissance aircraft if militarily necessary, participation in combat missions if allies request such a mission or if this is the only way to effectively counter the terrorist threat); reasons for ending or continuing the Federal Armed Forces´ ISAF mission in Afghanistan (open). 5. Tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces: preferences with regard to the tasks of the Federal Armed Forces abroad (e.g. preventing a terrorist attack on Germany, stabilising the security situation in a crisis region in Africa, participation in the fight against international terrorism, etc.) and in Germany (e.g. disaster relief, rescue of missing persons, defence in the event of a military attack on Germany, etc.); opinion on increasing defence expenditure; opinion on increasing the number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers. 6. Personal relation to the Federal Armed Forces (location of the Federal Armed Forces close to home, respondent is or was himself in the Federal Armed Forces in basic military service or alternative civilian service, as a temporary or professional soldier, close relative (father, mother, son, daughter) or other family member was or is in the Federal Armed Forces in basic military service or alternative civilian service, as a temporary or professional soldier). 7. Attitude towards military service: positive or negative attitude to military service; personal attitude to military service (should be abolished, existing systems of compulsory military service should be maintained unchanged, should apply not only to men but also to women, general compulsory service should be introduced for both men and women, with a choice between military service and other services to society, compulsory military service should in principle remain, but military service should be voluntary as long as it can meet the manpower requirements of the armed forces); opinion on the abolition of compulsory military service; presumed opinion of the majority of German citizens on the abolition of compulsory military service. 8. Attitudes towards the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) and NATO: preferred principles for the shaping of the European Security and Defence Policy (strict limitation to diplomacy and civil crisis management without the use of military means, in addition to diplomacy and civil crisis management also military peacekeeping operations, if necessary also EU combat operations if military peacekeeping fails); knowledge of the EU´s military intervention forces (EU Battle Groups); opinion on Germany´s participation in the EU´s military intervention forces; role of NATO for the security of the Western community of states (NATO has largely lost its function as a Western security alliance vs. remains the most important security alliance of the Western states). 9. Attractiveness of the profession of soldier and the Federal Armed Forces: knowledge of various military and civilian careers in the Federal Armed Forces; personal advice to various people in the social environment if they are interested in being engaged as a temporary soldier in the Federal Armed Forces (Split A) or if they are engaged as a civilian employee in the Federal Armed Forces (Split B); opinion on a military and civilian career in the Federal Armed Forces for young men (Split X) or for young women (Split Y). 10. Evaluation of public institutions: institutional trust (public schools, German Bundestag, statutory pension insurance, political parties, Federal Employment Agency, trade unions, Federal Constitutional Court, statutory health insurance, Federal Armed Forces, police, Protestant Church, Catholic Church, Federal Criminal Police Office, Federal Intelligence Service, Federal Government); importance of selected educational goals for children (e.g. acting wisely, being just, being brave, exercising moderation, being humane, etc.); importance of various political goals of the Federal Government (e.g. securing strong economic growth, creating more jobs, maintaining peace and order, etc.). 11. Media use and acceptance of measures against terrorism: frequency of use of various media in everyday life (tabloids, regional daily newspapers, national newspapers and business papers, news magazines, weekly newspapers, private television, public television, news channels, private radio, public radio, Internet: private forums, online editions of newspapers, magazines or television channels, personal conversations with friends, acquaintances, colleagues or relatives, personal conversations with experts, participation in information events); approval of various proposals for counter-terrorism in Germany (e.g. deploying more police officers in public, using military means and possibilities of the Federal Armed Forces also domestically, e.g. to protect nuclear power plants, etc.). Demography: sex; age (month and year of birth); marital status; own children; number of children; age and sex of children; German citizenship; other citizenship; education: highest general school leaving certificate or aspired school-leaving certificate; type of vocational training certificate; employment status; number of employment relationships in dependent employment; self-employment or freelance work; weekly working hours; activity if not fully employed; household size; number of persons aged 16 and over in the household; number of persons contributing to household income; household net income (numerical and grouped); personal net income (numerical and grouped); personal representation of interests by party vs. Party opposes interests (CDU/CSU, SPD,FDP, Bündnis90/Die Grünen, Die Linke (Linkspartei or PDS), Die Republikaner, NPD, DVU, other party) Additionally coded: respondent ID; city size; state; split; interview duration; interview date (day, month); weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2007-09-17 / 2007-10-22
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German-speaking persons aged 16 and over in private households
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 1198
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7615 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 15 | Registration Date: 2020-05-12