Political Attitudes, Political Participation and Voter Conduct in United Germany 1994 and 1998 (Cumulated Data Set)

Resource Type
  • Falter, Jürgen W. (Universität Mainz)
  • Gabriel, Oscar W. (Universität Stuttgart)
  • Rattinger, Hans (Universität Bamberg)
  • Schmitt, Karl (Universität Jena)
Publication Date
  • BASIS Research, Frankfurt (Data Collector)
  • BASIS Research, Frankfurt (Data Collector)
  • GFM GETAS (IPSOS), Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • GFM GETAS (IPSOS), Hamburg (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Abstract

    Political attitudes and political participation in united Germany. Cumulated data set from the data sets of the 8 largely identical cross-section surveys at four various times of survey. Topics: The following listed questions were posed in at least one survey: judgment on the current general economic situation as well as the economic situation in the previous year; expected economic situation; personal economic situation; knowledge about importance of first and second votes; satisfaction with democracy; interest in politics; certainty of one´s own intent to participate in the election and one´s own voting decision; manner of voting as absentee ballot or polling station; same voting decision after knowledge about result of the election; party preference (Sunday question, first vote and second vote); time of voting decision; most important reasons for one´s own voting decision; reasons for voting intent and not voting; estimated certainty that selected smaller parties will take seats in the Federal Parliament; expected winner in the Federal Parliament election; evaluation of democracy as conception of a state; most important reasons for dissatisfaction with the parties; coalition preference; satisfaction with result of the Federal Parliament election; intensity of following the election campaign; responsiveness: judgment on party politicians and their job as well as their relation to the citizens (scale); most important problems of the country; issue-relevance and issue-ability of the parties; efficacy: possibilities for the citizens to influence the parties and the government (scale); assessment of the position of the most important parties on the topic nuclear energy, influx of foreigners, European unification; personal position on these topics and importance of problem solution; importance of promoting research and sex equality as well as personal position on these questions; satisfaction with task fulfillment of the government on these questions; place of residence before the turning point; judgment on personal standard of living, the equity of income distribution, social security, the solidarity of the people with each other and protection from crime for the citizens; knowledge about the exact number of states in the Federal Republic; sympathy scale for the CDU, CSU, SPD, FDP, Alliance 90/the Greens, the Republicans, the PDS and the DVU; postmaterialism (Inglehart Index);trust in institutions: trust in the Federal Parliament, in the Federal Constitutional Court, in the Federal Government, the judiciary, the police, administration, the churches, the parties, the Federal German Armed Forces, the trade unions, environmental protection groups and in business and employers´ federations; preference for chancellor; sympathy scale for the candidates for chancellor Kohl and Scharping or Schroeder; assessment of the characteristics of the two candidates for chancellor regarding sympathy, trustworthiness, energy and their ideas to boost the economy; political participation (scale);self-classification on a left-right continuum; feeling of representation in selected associations, institutions and parties; most important group or representation of interests; judgment on the parties regarding their closeness to trade unions, employers´ federations, environmental protection groups and the individual churches; social moral orientations (scale); satisfaction with the Federal Government; geographic ties: closeness with the municipality, region, part of the country and Germany as a whole; classification of the parties on a left-right continuum; media usage: reading local, regional and national daily newspapers; use of political broadcasts on television; assessment of the equity of the social system in the Federal Republic; assessment of discrimination of population groups in society; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; frequency of visits in the other part of Germany after unification; extremism scale: national pride, nationalization desire for private businesses, public good before association interests, American imperialism as danger to world peace, dictatorship as the better type of government, good sides of National Socialism, exploitation of workers and third world countries, Hitler and extermination of the Jews, foreign infiltration of the Federal Republic, GDR with more positive sides, marriage of mixed nationalities, too great influence of Jews, socialism as good idea, difference of Jews and understanding for attacks on homes for applicants for political asylum; self-image and third-party image of the Germans in Eastern and Western Germany. Demography: sex; month of birth; year of birth; state; length of residence and when moved to the state; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; church attachment of parental home; memberships in citizen initiative, party, occupation organization or trade union; party inclination; significance of party inclination(scale); party identification; party inclination regarding western parties before the turning point (asked only in the East); duration of this party inclination; education and school degree; school degrees ought; occupational apprenticeship; employment; involuntary change of job or unemployment since 1990; retirement from professional life since1990; employment in the civil service; occupation; marital status; head of household; education; employment; involuntary change of job; unemployment; employment in the civil service and occupational group affiliation of head of household as well as partner; living together with a partner; size of household; number of persons 16 years old and older in household; contribution to household income; net household income; self-assessment of social class and social class of parental home; size of municipality; possession of a telephone; willingness to participate in another interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-09 / 1998-11
    The survey periods: pre-election West: 12 September 1994 to 14 October 1994; pre-election East: 12 September 1994 to 6 October 1994; pre-election West: 24 October 1994 to 1 December 1994; by-election East: 24 October 1994 to 15 November 1994; pre-election West: 26 August 1998 to 26 September 1998; pre-election East: 30 August 1998 to 25 September 1998; by-election West: 8 October 1998 to 21 November 1998; by-election East: 13 October 1998 to 21 November 1998.
  • 1994-09 / 1998-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
  • Germany (DE)
The universe of samples is comprised of all Germans with residence in the Federal Republic of Germany and at least 16 years old at the time of survey as well as living in private households. The ADM Master Sample is a stratified, three-level random selection based on the election precinct in the Federal Parliament elections. Two nets of the ADM sample system were used, whereby in Eastern Germany a double net was used, which means that for an over-sample this was doubled. The target households were selected according to the random route procedure, the target person in the household was determined by Sweden key.
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 365
  • Number of Variables: 365
The data set presented here consists of pooled cross-sections of 8 partial surveys. They consist of pre-election and by-election investigations in the Eastern and Western parts of the Federal Republic for the years 1994 and 1998. In 1994 a survey was conducted that consisted of an oral and a written part. 4114 persons took part in the oral survey, altogether 1351 in the written survey. While the oral surveys became part of this cross-section investigation, the written surveys of 1994 in the sense of filling up to a quota became part of the panel study (ZA No.: 3067). The study is part of a survey series archived under ZA Study Numbers 3064, 3067 and 3861. The questionnaire of the study was developed in cooperation with the preparation group of the German National Election Study (DNW) founded on an informal basis.
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.

Update Metadata: 2015-09-02 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22