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Political Attitudes, Political Participation and Voter Conduct in United Germany 1994

Resource Type
  • Falter, Jürgen W. (Universität Mainz)
  • Gabriel, Oscar W. (Universität Stuttgart)
  • Rattinger, Hans (Universität Bamberg)
  • Schmitt, Karl (Universität Jena)
Publication Date
  • BASIS Research, Frankfurt (Data Collector)
  • BASIS Research, Frankfurt (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
  • Abstract

    Political attitudes and political participation in united Germany. Cumulated data set from the data sets of four largely identical cross-section surveys at two different survey times. Topics: The questions listed below were posed in at least one survey: judgment on current general economic situation as well as economic situation in previous year; expected economic situation; personal economic situation; knowledge about importance of first vote and second vote; satisfaction with democracy; interest in politics; certainty of one´s own intent to participate in the election and one´s voting decision; manner of voting as absentee ballot or polling station; same voting decision after knowledge about results of election; party preference(Sunday question, first vote and second vote); time of voting decision; most important reasons for one´s voting decision; reasons for voting intent and not voting; estimated certainty of selected smaller parties taking seats in the Federal Parliament; expected election winner in the Federal Parliament election; evaluation of democracy as conception of a state; most important reasons for dissatisfaction with the parties; coalition preference; satisfaction with result of Federal Parliament election; intensity of following the election campaign; responsivity: judgment on party politicians and their work as well as their relation with citizens (scale); most important problems of the country; issue relevance and issue ability of the parties; efficacy: possibilities of citizens to influence parties and government (scale); assessment of position of the most important parties on the topics nuclear energy, influx of foreigners, European unification; personal position on these topics and importance of problem solution; importance of research support and equal chances for both sexes as well as personal position on these questions; satisfaction with task fulfillment of government on these questions; place of residence before the turning point; judgment on personal standard of living, fairness of income distribution, social security, solidarity of the people among each other and crime protection for the citizens; knowledge about the exact number of states in the Federal Republic; sympathy scale for CDU, CSU, SPD, FDP, Alliance 90/the Greens, Republicans, PDS and DVU (deutsche Volksunion); postmaterialism (Inglehart index); trust in institutions: trust in Federal Parliament, the Federal Constitutional Court, Federal Government, the judiciary, the police, administration, churches, parties, the Federal German Armed Forces, trade unions, environmental protection groups and business associations as well as employer´s federations; preference for chancellor; sympathy scale for the candidates for chancellor Kohl and Scharping; assessment of characteristics of the two candidates for chancellor regarding sympathy, trustworthiness, energy and their concepts to improve the economy; political participation (scale); self-classification on a left-right continuum; feeling of being represented in selected associations, institutions and parties; most important group or representation of interests; judgment on parties in their proximity to trade unions, employer´s federations, environmental protection groups and individual churches; social moral orientations (scale); satisfaction with the Federal Government; geographic solidarity: solidarity with municipality, region, part of country and Germany as a whole; classification of parties on a left-right continuum; media usage: reading local, regional and national daily newspapers; use of political broadcasts on television; assessment of fairness of the social system in the Federal Republic; assessment of discrimination of population groups in society; behavior at the polls in the last Federal Parliament election; frequency of stay in the other part of Germany after unification; extremism scale: national pride, desired nationalization for private businesses, public good before special interests, American imperialism as danger to world peace, dictatorship as better type of state, good sides of National Socialism, exploitation of workers and third-world countries, Hitler and extermination of the Jews, foreign infiltration of the Federal Republic, GDR with more positive sides, multi-national marriages, influence of Jews too great, socialism as good idea, Jews as different and understanding for attacks on homes for applicants for political asylum; self-image and third-party image of the Germans in Eastern and Western Germany. Demography: sex; month of birth; year of birth; state; length of residence and in state; religious denomination; frequency of church attendance; church ties of parental home; memberships in citizen initiative, party, professional organization or trade union; party inclination; significance of party inclination (scale); party identification; party inclination regarding western parties before the turning point (only posed in the East); length of this party inclination; education and school degree; school degree sought; occupational apprenticeship; employment; involuntary change of job or unemployment since 1990; retirement from professional life since 1990; employment in the civil service; occupation; marital status; head of household; education; employment; involuntary change of job; unemployment; employment in the civil service and occupational group affiliation of head of household as well as of partner; living together with a partner; size of household; number of persons 16 years old and older in household; contribution to household income; net household income; self-assessment of social class and social class of parental home; size of municipality; possession of a telephone; willingness to participate in another interview.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1994-09 / 1994-11
    The individual survey times: pre-election West: 12 September 1994 to 14 October 1994; pre-election East: 12 September 1994 to 6 October 1994; by-election West: 24 October 1994 to 1 December 1994; by-election East: 24 October 1994 to 15 November 1994.
  • 1994-09 / 1994-11
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
  • Germany (DE)
The universe sampled is comprised of all German persons who were at least 16 years old at the time of survey and whose residence is in the Federal Republic Germany as well as living in private households. The ADM Master Sample is a stratified, three-step random selection and is based on election precinct in Federal Parliament elections. Two nets of the ADM sample system were used such that in Eastern Germany a double net was used which means that for an over-sample this was doubled. The target households were selected according to the random route procedure, the target person in the household was determined by Sweden key.
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 207
  • Number of Variables: 207
The data set presented here consists of 4 partial surveys. They are comprised of pre-election and by-election investigations in both the eastern and western part of the Federal Republic. The survey consists of an oral and a written part. 4114 persons took part in the oral survey, in the written survey, altogether 1351.The questionnaire of the study was developed in cooperation with the preparation group German National Election Study (DNW) founded on an informal basis. The study is part of a cumulated data set for 1994 and 1998 (ZA Study No. 3064).
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.

Update Metadata: 2015-09-02 | Issue Number: 10 | Registration Date: 2010-07-22

Falter, Jürgen W.; Gabriel, Oscar W.; Rattinger, Hans; Schmitt, Karl (1999): Politische Einstellungen, politische Partizipation und Wählerverhalten im vereinigten Deutschland 1994. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset.