American Time Use Survey (ATUS): Arts Activities, [United States], 2003-2018

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • ATUS: Arts Activities, 2003-2018 (Alternative Title)
  • Version 5 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • American Time Use Survey (ATUS) Series
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
arts; arts participation; caregivers; civic engagement; consumer expenditures; education; entertainment; households; leisure; personal care; recreation; religious behavior; sports; travel; volunteers; work
  • Abstract

    The American Time Use Survey (ATUS) is the Nation's first federally administered, continuous survey on time use in the United States. This multi-year data collection contains information on the amount of time (in minutes) that people spent doing various activities in the years 2003 through 2018, and asks about a much broader range of topics covered than just what is in this study, which focuses on arts activities. But this particular study focuses solely upon the time spent on a given day in all types of activity. For this data collection, 201,151 respondents were randomly selected from a subset of households that completed their eighth and final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey (CPS). Only one respondent per household, aged 15 or older, was randomly selected to participate. Respondents were interviewed one time about how they spent their time on the previous day starting at 4:00 a.m. and ending at 4:00 a.m. on the interview day. The ATUS classifies activities into 18 Tier 1 categories. Each Tier 1 category contains multiple Tier 2 categories providing a second level of classification. Overall there are 96 Tier 2 categories with the average being 5 sub-classifications per Tier 1 category. In total, the ATUS contains 424 unique activity codes designated by a six digit classification code. Additionally, the study provides demographic information--including sex, age, ethnicity, race, education, employment, and children in the household.
  • Abstract

    The primary purpose of this data collection is to develop nationally representative estimates (in minutes) of how people spend their time on any given day.
  • Methods

    Between the years 2003-2018 201,151 respondents completed the ATUS survey. The survey results are based on computer-assisted telephone interviews (CATI) with a representative sample of residents living in households in the United States that are at least 15 years of age, with the exception of active military personnel and people residing in institutions such as nursing homes and prisons. For additional details on the study design please refer to chapter 3 within the User Guide sub-section portion of the larger ATUS 2003-2018 User Guide document.
  • Methods

    Variables for this data collection provide information about the amount of time (in minutes) people spend doing various activities for any given 24-hour period. The period in question is from 4:00 am the day preceding the interview up through 4:00 am the day of the interview. Activities are classified into 18 Tier 1 categories which include: Personal care; Household activities; Caring for and helping household members; Caring for and helping non-household members; Work and work related activites; Education; Consumer purchases; Professional and personal care services; Household services; Government services and civic obligations; Eating and drinking; Socializing, relaxing, and leisure; Sports, exercise, and recreation; Religious and spiritual activities; Volunteer activities; Telephone calls; Traveling; Unable to classify; There are a total of 424 unique activity codes in Dataset 1 and listed in the ATUS Activity Lexicon 2003-2018 portion of the User Guide document. Dataset 1 also contains additional demographic variables such as age, gender, race, ethnicity, education, employment, and children in the household. Additionally, there are two variables that designate what day of the week the interview took place on and whether or not that day was a holiday or not.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The average response rate to the ATUS from 2003-2018 was 53.1 percent. The response rate for each year from 2003 through 2018 are as follows: 2003: 57.8 percent; 2004: 57.3 percent; 2005: 56.6 percent; 2006: 55.1 percent; 2007: 52.5 percent; 2008: 54.6 percent; 2009: 56.6 percent; 2010: 56.9 percent; 2011: 54.6 percent; 2012: 53.2 percent; 2013: 49.9 percent; 2014: 51.0 percent; 2015: 48.5 percent; 2016: 46.8 percent; 2017: 45.6 percent; 2018: 43.3 percent; For additional information on how response rates were calculated please refer to section 3.6 within the User Guide sub-section portion of the larger ATUS 2003-2018 User Guide document.
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Activity Summary Data
    • DS2: Replicate Weights Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2003--2018
  • 2003 / 2018
  • Collection date: 2003--2018
  • 2003 / 2018
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
All residents living in households in the United States that are at least 15 years of age, with the exception of active military personnel and people residing in institutions such as nursing homes and prisons.
The sample for this data collection was drawn from households that had completed their final month of interviews for the Current Population Survey (CPS). The ATUS utilizes a stratified three-stage sampling approach. The first stage is at the state level so that the sample is in the same proportion as to the proportion of the population of that state compared to the population of the country. The second stage of the sample is selection at the household level stratified by key demographics. The third stage is selection of the respondent within the household.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
2020-05-20 Updated to include 2018 data, as well as adding online analysis.2019-05-01 Data through 2017 were added to the data collection.2016-11-28 An infographic on TV watching for 2015 was added. The 2010-2014 summary tables file was updated to create two files that include state-level summary tables. One file includes summary tables that provide percentages of time that the population spent doing selected activities and percentages of the population that did them. The second 2010-2014 summary tables file covers numbers of persons and average hours per day spent on each activity. 2016-10-20 Data for 2015 and unpublished ATUS summary tables for 2011-2015 (produced by the BLS) were added to the data collection.2016-03-10 Unpublished ATUS summary tables produced by the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics have been added to the data collection.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 36268 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR36268.v4
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Update Metadata: 2020-05-20 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-05-20