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Security and Defence Policy Opinions in Germany 2005

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam
Publication Date
2020-05-26
Contributor
  • Ipsos, Mölln (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Armed Forces, Defense, Military Affairs
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • International politics and organisation
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Information society
    • Psychology
Description
  • Abstract

    Perception of security and threats, attitudes towards fundamental questions of foreign and security policy, perception and evaluation of the Federal Armed Forces, opinions on the tasks and missions of the Federal Armed Forces, opinions on the cultivation of military traditions, attitudes towards conscription and opinions on military cooperation in Europe, personality profile. Topics: 1. Security and threat perception: personal feeling of security; feeling of being threatened by: Crime, worldwide climate change due to global warming, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, worldwide spread of a dangerous disease such as AIDS, political extremism, wars or military conflicts in the world, terrorist attack in Germany or in another European country, severe economic crisis in Germany, religious fundamentalism, insufficient financial security in case of unemployment, old age or illness, loss of or no job, civil war and expulsion in a European country, military attack on Germany, reduction of social benefits, ageing society. 2. Security policy attitudes: Germany´s role in the world: Preference for a rather active vs. rather passive international policy of Germany; reasons why Germany should help to cope with problems and crises in other countries and regions or why it should stay out of it (open); favoured or rejected measures for Germany´s international action (e.g. delivery of food and relief supplies to the affected region, debt relief for the affected country, economic support, technical assistance by civil organisations, peacekeeping, stabilising deployment of the Federal Armed Forces within the framework of a UN mission, etc.); presumed position of the majority of friends and acquaintances (Split A) or the majority of German citizens (Split B) on a rather active vs. rather passive international policy of Germany. 3. Perception and evaluation of the Federal Armed Forces: frequency of perception of the Federal Armed Forces on the following occasions: in everyday life, at public events, conversations in the family, with relatives, friends or colleagues, during television broadcasts, contributions on the Internet and reports in newspapers and magazines; personal impression of the Federal Armed Forces on the respective occasions; positive or negative attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces; associations with the 50th anniversary of the Federal Armed Forces (open); agreement with various statements about the Federal Armed Forces (of course, that Germany has its own armed forces, the Federal Armed Forces is a normal part of society, feeling of inner solidarity with the Federal Armed Forces, contributes to the protection of our liberal system of values, feeling of gratitude for the Federal Armed Forces, embodies central values of our society such as freedom or justice); assessment of the Federal Armed Forces in terms of the performance of the Federal Armed Forces in its missions at home and abroad, the equipment and armament of the Federal Armed Forces, the integration of the Federal Armed Forces into society, military cooperation in NATO, the public appearance of the soldiers and the training of the soldiers; strengths and weaknesses of the Federal Armed Forces (open). 4. Foreign Deployments of the Federal Armed Forces: Knowledge of Federal Armed Forces locations abroad (open); self-assessment of the level of information about various foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces (participation in humanitarian aid after the seaquake in Indonesia, United Nations peacekeeping force in Afghanistan (ISAF), NATO peacekeeping force in Kosovo (KFOR), operation against international terrorism in the Horn of Africa (Operation Enduring Freedom), EU peacekeeping force in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR), NATO´s anti-terrorist operation in the Mediterranean (Operation Active Endeavour), United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE), United Nations Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) and advocacy of Federal Armed Forces participation in the respective foreign missions. 5. Tasks and equipment of the Federal Armed Forces: preferences with regard to the tasks of the Federal Armed Forces abroad (e.g. disaster relief, participation in peacekeeping forces after the end of a civil war in Europe, etc.); agreement to participation of the Federal Armed Forces in an international military mission to combat terrorism (Split A) or to establish peace in a civil war in an African country (Split B) with the approval of the UN (Splits: NATO decision, decision of the most important European allies); approval of participation of the Federal Armed Forces even without the approval of the UN (Splits: NATO or without participation of the most important European allies); preferences with regard to the tasks of the Federal Armed Forces in Germany (e.g. disaster relief, rescue of missing persons, defence in the event of a military attack on Germany, etc.); opinion on increasing defence expenditure; opinion on increasing the number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers; approval of the deployment of the German Navy in international waters against piracy (Splits: for the supply of energy and raw materials to Germany) after approval by the UN (Splits: of NATO orof the most important European allies); approval of the deployment of the German Navy even without UN approval (splits: of NATO or of the most important European allies); opinion on the deployment of Federal Armed Forces soldiers in spite of great danger in subsequent missions: Food and medical care for victims of natural disasters, participation in operations against international terrorism, participation in peacekeeping forces after the end of a civil war in Africa, preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, preventing genocide, stopping fighting in a civil war, disempowering a foreign government that violates human rights, helping to hold democratic elections, freeing German citizens from hostage-takers, helping NATO partners who are under attack); opinion of the majority of German citizens on the deployment of Federal Armed Forces soldiers in the above-mentioned missions despite great danger. 6. Personal relation to the Federal Armed Forces (location of the Federal Armed Forces close to home, respondent is or was himself in the Federal Armed Forces in basic military service or alternative civilian service, as a temporary or professional soldier, close relative (father, mother, son, daughter) or other family member was or is in the Federal Armed Forces in basic military service or alternative civilian service, as a temporary or professional soldier). 7. Opinions on the cultivation of military traditions: advocacy of various forms of tradition maintenance (e.g. to pass on military skills, to maintain military customs in the Federal Armed Forces, etc.); modern weapon systems and the changed occupational image of the soldier have made tradition maintenance superfluous vs. tradition maintenance is also important for modern armies to impart military knowledge and virtues as well as ethical principles of military service; due to the achievements of the Federal Armed Forces for the country, tradition maintenance in public is correct vs. despite the achievements, the Federal Armed Forces should not present its military traditions in public. 8. Attitude towards compulsory military service: positive or negative attitude towards compulsory military service; personal attitude towards compulsory military service (should be abolished and the Federal Armed Forces transformed into a voluntary army, compulsory military service should be reduced to a mere basic training, existing regulations on compulsory military service should remain unchanged, should apply not only to men but also to women, there should be a general compulsory service for men or for men and women, with a choice between military service and other services for society); future development of compulsory military service; presumed consent of the majority of friends and acquaintances (Split A) or of German citizens (Split B) to compulsory military service 9. Military cooperation in Europe: opinion on Germany´s participation in the EU´s military intervention force; opinion on the future organisation of the armed forces within Europe (joint European army instead of national forces, parallel to the national forces a European Rapid Reaction Force, both, deployment on demand, only national forces, no armed forces at all); preferred principles for the shaping of the European Security and Defence Policy (strict limitation to diplomacy and civilian crisis management without the use of military means, in addition to diplomacy and civilian crisis management also military peacekeeping operations, if necessary also EU combat operations if diplomacy and civilian crisis management fail, EU should coordinate its security policy more closely with the USA/Russia, EU countries should coordinate their foreign policy activities more closely with each other and increase defence expenditure in order to enforce their security interests); NATO´s role for the security of the Western community of states (NATO has largely lost its function as a Western security alliance vs. NATO will remain the most important security alliance of the Western states, split A and B); Germany should be given a permanent seat on the UN Security Council; reasons for or against a permanent seat for Germany on the UN Security Council. 10. Evaluation of public institutions: importance of various institutions and organisations in Germany and at international level for the future of the country (public schools, cultural institutions such as theatres and museums, private business, political parties, Federal Employment Agency, ADAC, Federal Armed Forces, statutory pension insurance, police, churches, statutory health insurance, environmental organisations such as Greenpeace, German Bundestag, UNO, EU, NATO, European Parliament, OSCE, international human rights organisations); assessment of the fulfilment of the tasks of the above-mentioned institutions; need for reform of the above-mentioned institutions. Importance of maritime transport for Germany´s economic development (Split A and B); Agreement on various statements (economic power more important than military power, war necessary under certain circumstances to achieve justice, bypassing the United Nations justified when a country´s vital interests are at stake, the best way to secure peace is military strength, Europe must achieve more military strength to defend its interests independently of the USA, military action against terrorist organisations as the best way in the fight against terrorism, economic aid to countries where terrorists are recruited as the best way in the fight against terrorism, conflicts within a state or between states can always be solved by peaceful means). 11. Personality: frequency of selected leisure activities; personality profile (e.g. always stick to rules and regulations vs. do and let do what you want more often, decide alone vs. listen to others, express your own opinion vs. join the majority opinion, etc.); current attitude to life and life planning (e.g. living alone how you live today, counting, not making plans but waiting to see what the future brings, etc.) 12. Media use: frequency of use of various media for political information (tabloids, regional daily newspapers, national newspapers and business papers, news magazines, weekly newspapers, private television, public television, news channels, private radio, public radio, Internet: private forums, online editions of newspapers, magazines or television channels, personal conversations with friends, acquaintances, colleagues or relatives, personal conversations with experts, participation in information events) Demography: sex; age (year of birth); marital status; number of persons aged 16 and over in the household; education: highest level of general education; type of vocational training qualification; employment status; occupational status; household size (number of persons in the household up to 13 years of age, between 14 and 17 years and aged 18 and over; net household income; party preference (Sunday question). Additionally coded: respondent ID; city size; federal state; split; weekday of interview; interview duration; interview date (day, month); weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2005-04-22 / 2005-05-27
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German-speaking persons aged 16 and over in private households
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: CAPI/CAMI
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 519
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7613 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2020-05-26

Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam (2020): Sicherheits- und verteidigungspolitisches Meinungsbild in Deutschland 2005. Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13496