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European Values Study 2017: Greece (EVS 2017 Country data file)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • EVS
Publication Date
2020-05-27
Contributor
  • Gari, Aikaterini (Department of Psychology, University of Athens, Athens, Greece) (Researcher)
  • National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (NKUA) (Data Collector)
  • University of Patras (UOP) (Data Collector)
Language
German
Classification
  • ZA:
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Work and Industry
    • Society, Culture
    • Family
    • Religion and "Weltanschauung"
    • Person, Personality, Role
    • Natural Environment, Nature
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Labour and employment
    • Religion and values
    • Society and culture
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Family life and marriage
    • Gender and gender roles
    • Environmental degradation/pollution and protection
Description
  • Abstract

    The European Values Study is a large-scale, cross-national and longitudinal survey research program on how Europeans think about family, work, religion, politics, and society. Repeated every nine years in an increasing number of countries, the survey provides insights into the ideas, beliefs, preferences, attitudes, values, and opinions of citizens all over Europe. As previous waves conducted in 1981, 1990, 1999, 2008, the fifth EVS wave maintains a persistent focus on a broad range of values. Questions are highly comparable across waves and regions, making EVS suitable for research aimed at studying trends over time. The new wave has seen a strengthening of the methodological standards. The full release of the EVS 2017 includes data and documentation of altogether 37 participating countries. For more information, please go to the EVS website. Morale, religious, societal, political, work, and family values of Europeans. Topics: 1. Perceptions of life: importance of work, family, friends and acquaintances, leisure time, politics and religion; happiness; self-assessment of own health; memberships in voluntary organisations (religious or church organisations, cultural activities, trade unions, political parties or groups, environment, ecology, animal rights, professional associations, sports, recreation, or other groups, none); active or inactive membership of humanitarian or charitable organisation, consumer organisation, self-help group or mutual aid; voluntary work in the last six months; tolerance towards minorities (people of a different race, heavy drinkers, immigrants, foreign workers, drug addicts, homosexuals, Christians, Muslims, Jews, and gypsies - social distance); trust in people; estimation of people´s fair and helpful behavior; internal or external control; satisfaction with life; importance of educational goals: desirable qualities of children. 2. Work: attitude towards work (job needed to develop talents, receiving money without working is humiliating, people turn lazy not working, work is a duty towards society, work always comes first); importance of selected aspects of occupational work; give priority to nationals over foreigners as well as men over women in jobs. 3. Religion and morale: religious denomination; current and former religious denomination; current frequency of church attendance and at the age of 12; self-assessment of religiousness; belief in God, life after death, hell, heaven, and re-incarnation; personal god vs. spirit or life force; importance of God in one´s life (10-point-scale); frequency of prayers; morale attitudes (scale: claiming state benefits without entitlement, cheating on taxes, taking soft drugs, accepting a bribe, homosexuality, abortion, divorce, euthanasia, suicide, paying cash to avoid taxes, casual sex, avoiding fare on public transport, prostitution, in-vitro fertilization, political violence, death penalty). 4. Family: trust in family; most important criteria for a successful marriage or partnership (faithfulness, adequate income, good housing, sharing household chores, children, time for friends and personal hobbies); marriage is an outdated institution; attitude towards traditional understanding of one´s role of man and woman in occupation and family (gender roles); homosexual couples are as good parents as other couples; duty towards society to have children; responsibility of adult children for their parents when they are in need of long-term care; to make own parents proud is a main goal in life. 5. Politics and society: political interest; political participation; preference for individual freedom or social equality; self-assessment on a left-right continuum (10-point-scale) (left-right self-placement); individual vs. state responsibility for providing; take any job vs. right to refuse job when unemployed; competition good vs. harmful for people; equal incomes vs. incentives for individual effort; private vs. government ownership of business and industry; postmaterialism (scale); most important aims of the country for the next ten years; willingness to fight for the country; expectation of future development (less importance placed on work and greater respect for authority); trust in institutions; essential characteristics of democracy; importance of democracy for the respondent; rating democracy in own country; satisfaction with the political system in the country; preferred type of political system (strong leader, expert decisions, army should rule the country, or democracy); vote in elections on local level, national level and European level; political party with the most appeal; another political party that most appeals; assessment of country´s elections (votes are counted fairly, opposition candidates are prevented from running, TV news favors the governing party, voters are bribed, journalists provide fair coverage of elections, election officials are fair, rich people buy elections, voters are threatened with violence at the polls); opinion on the government´s right to keep people under video surveillance in public areas, monitor all e-mails and any other information exchanged on the Internet, collect information about anyone living in the country without their knowledge; interest in politics in the media; concerned about the living conditions of people in the neighborhood, the people in the region, fellow countrymen, Europeans, all humans all over the world, elderly people, unemployed people, immigrants, sick and disabled people; societal aims (eliminating income inequalities, basic needs for all, recognizing people on merits, protecting against terrorism). 6. National Identity: trust in people from various groups (neighborhood, personally known people, people meet for the first time, people of another religion, and people of another nationality); geographical group the respondent feels belonging to (town, region of country, country, Europe, the world); citizenship; national pride; evaluation of the impact of immigrants on the country´s development; attitude towards immigrants and their customs and traditions (take away jobs, increase crime problems, strain on country´s welfare system, should maintain their distinct customs and traditions or take over customs); important aspects of national identity (to have been born in the country, to respect country´s political institutions and laws, to have country´s ancestry, to speak the national language, to share national culture); important aspects of being European (to have been born in Europe, to have European ancestry, to be a Christian, to share European culture); attitude towards the enlargement of the European Union. 7. Environment: attitude towards the environment (scale: willingness to give part of own income for the environment, too difficult to do much about the environment, more important things in life than environment protection, own activities are useless unless others do the same for the environment, claims about environmental threats are exaggerated); protecting the environment vs. economic growth. Demography: sex; age (year of birth); born in the country of interview; country of birth; year of immigration into the country; current legal marital status; living together with the partner before marriage or before the registration of partnership; living together with a partner; steady relationship; living together with parents or parents in law; number of children in the household and outside the household; number of people in the household (household size); age of the youngest person in the household; age at completion of education; highest educational level (ISCED); employment status; employment or self-employment in the last job; name or title of main job or last main job; profession (ISCO-08, SIOPS-08, ISEI-08, ESEC-08, EGP-11); number of employees (company size); supervising function and number of supervised people; occupational sector (Government or public institution, private business or industry, or private non-profit organization); unemployment longer than three months; dependency on social security during the last five years; scale of household income (weekly, monthly, annual). Information on partner/spouse: born in the country of interview; country of birth; highest educational level (ISCED); employment status; employment or self-employment in the last job; name or title of main job or last main job; profession (ISCO-08, SIOPS-08, ISEI-08, ESEC-08, EGP-11); number of employees (company size); supervising function and number of supervised people. Information on respondent’s parents: father and mother born in the country; country of birth of father and mother; scale of household income; highest educational level of father and mother (ISCED); employment status of father and mother when the respondent was 14 years old; occupational position of the main wage earner at respondent’s age of 14; characterization of the parents when respondent was 14 years old (scale: liked to read books, discussed politics at home with their child, liked to follow the news, had problems making ends meet, had problems replacing broken things). Interviewer rating: respondent´s interest during the interview. Additionally encoded: respondent-ID; casenumber-ID; survey year; start and end of fieldwork (year and month); country code (ISO 3166); country abbreviation; country and year of fieldwork (ISO 3166); mode of data collection; region (NUTS); city size (NUTS); date of the interview; time of the interview (start hour and start minute, end hour and end minute); language of interview; interviewer number; Flag variable: inconsistencies; Flag variable: complete/incomplete case; household monthly net income (x1000), corrected for ppp in euros; household total net income (recoded). Additional country specific variables are included in this national dataset.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2018-12-15 / 2019-01-31
Geographic Coverage
  • Greece (GR)
Sampled Universe
The target population is defined as: individuals aged 18 or older (with no upper age limit) that have address of residence (not residential) in [country] within private households at the date of beginning of fieldwork (or in the date of the first visit to the household, in case of random-route selection) (see the EVS 2017 Methodological Guidelines). Research area: Greece (GR)
Sampling
Non-probability: Respondent-assisted; Sampling Procedure Comment: The Greek sampling procedure deviated from the EVS 2017 Methodological guidelines. A snowball sampling method has been implemented, starting from 139 students of the University of Athens and the University of Patras. Each student had to complete one questionnaire, and recruit respondents for 30 other questionnaires in two different rounds. An additional network activated by colleagues in Thrace and Crete universities facilitated coverage of the northeast continental and south insular Greece. For older respondents, a telephone contact and/or a written invitation in print to participate via the CAWI link were also available to be employed in cases that were absolutely necessary for the CAWI sending process. Please note: due to the sampling design, weights are not provided. Population statistics are provided at the end of the report.
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 385
Availability
Download
A - Data and documents are released for academic research and teaching.
Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7546 (Type: ZA-No.)
Publications
  • The EVS Bibliography lists all kinds of publications using EVS data, based on national and cross-national analysis. The bibliography is an easy way to find relevant publications in the field of value studies. Moreover, some enhanced publications with information on the datasets, variables, and syntax codes of the concepts used are available. The EVS Bibliography can be found here [https://europeanvaluesstudy.eu/education-dissemination-publications/evs-publications/].

Update Metadata: 2020-10-21 | Issue Number: 14 | Registration Date: 2020-05-27

EVS (2020): European Values Study 2017: Greece (EVS 2017 Country data file). Version: 1.0.0. GESIS Datenarchiv. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.4232/1.13512