Current Population Survey: Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC), United States, 2019

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • United States. Bureau of the Census
  • United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Other Title
  • ASEC (Alternative Title)
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
artists; census data; demographic characteristics; economic conditions; employment; health insurance; households; income; industry; labor force; population characteristics; veterans; wages and salaries
  • Abstract

    The Annual Social and Economic (ASEC) 2019 Supplement is part of the Current Population Survey (CPS) Series. The CPS is a source of official Government statistics on employment and unemployment. The Census Bureau conducts the ASEC (known as the Annual Demographic File prior to 2003) over a three-month period, in February, March, and April, with most of the data collected in the month of March. The ASEC uses two sets of survey questions, the basic CPS and a set of supplemental questions. The CPS, administered monthly, is a labor force survey providing current estimates of the economic status and activities of the population of the United States. Specifically, the CPS provides estimates of total employment (both farm and nonfarm), nonfarm self-employed persons, domestics, and unpaid helpers in nonfarm family enterprises, wage, and salaried employees, and estimates of total unemployment. In addition to the basic CPS questions, respondents were asked questions from the ASEC, which provides supplemental data on poverty, geographic mobility/migration, and work experience. Comprehensive work experience information was given on the employment status, occupation, and industry of persons aged 15 and over. Additional data for persons aged 15 and older were available concerning weeks worked and hours per week worked, reason not working full-time, total income and supplemental income components. Demographic variables include age, sex, race, Hispanic origin, marital status, veteran status, educational attainment, occupation, and income. Data on employment and income refer to the previous calendar year, although demographic data refer to the time of the survey. The occupation and industry information variables in this data collection can help the data users identify individuals who worked in arts and culture related fields. The occupations are listed in a category entitled "Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations," which includes professions such as artists, designers, actors, musicians, and writers (see Appendix B of the User Guide for further category details). Industries related to the arts and culture are in the "Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation" category (see Appendix C of the User Guide for further category details). For example, using the occupation and industry information variables from the ASEC help data users to obtain statistics about people in artists' occupations that receive supplemental income, live public housing, or are full-time students. The ASEC data provided by the Census Bureau are distributed in a hierarchical file structure, with three record types present: Household, Family, and Person. The ASEC is designed to be a multistage stratified sample of housing units, where the hierarchical file structure can be thought of as a person within a family within a household unit. Here the main unit of analysis is the household unit.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of the Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) survey is to collect social and economic characteristics information for each person who is a household member as of the interview date. The survey administers questions on income to measure the level of family income and household composition from which poverty status is determined.
  • Methods

    The Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) 2019 survey was conducted as part of the Current Population Survey, an ongoing data collection effort of the United States Census Bureau. ASEC was administered to a portion of the CPS sample in March of 2019.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Created online analysis version with question text.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: For the cases eligible for the 2019 ASEC, the basic CPS household-level unweighted nonresponse rate was 16.6 percent. The household-level unweighted nonresponse rate for the ASEC was an additional 18.9 percent. These two nonresponse rates lead to a combined supplement unweighted nonresponse rate of 32.4 percent.
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Main Data File
    • DS2: Replicate Weight File
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2018--2019
  • 2018 / 2019
  • Collection date: 2019-03
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
The civilian noninstitutional population of the United States living in housing units, and members of the Armed Forces living in civilian housing units on a military base or in a household not on a military base. Smallest Geographic Unit: FIPS code
A multistage probability sample was used for the housing unit. The sample was based on the results of the decennial Census, with coverage in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) is also supplemented with a sample of Hispanic households identified previous months. More detailed information about the sampling frame can be found in the User Guide.
Collection Mode
  • computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)
  • computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI)
This version of the study is no longer available on the web. If you need to acquire this version of the data, you have to contact ICPSR User Support (
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37652 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37652.v1

Update Metadata: 2020-05-28 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-05-28