Security and Defence Policy Opinions in Germany 2002

Resource Type
Dataset : Numeric
  • Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr (ZMSBw), Potsdam
Publication Date
  • INRA Deutschland, Mölln (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Armed Forces, Defense, Military Affairs
    • Occupation, Profession
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Employment
    • Information society
    • International politics and organisations
    • Conflict, security and peace
    • Political behaviour and attitudes
  • Abstract

    Since 1996, the Center for Military History and Social Sciences of the Bundeswehr (ZMSBw) has conducted a representative survey of the German population on defense and security policy issues on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Defense. In 2002, this study was continued. For this purpose, N = 1629 persons were interviewed on various issues from September 7, 2002 until October 12, 2002. The present survey focused in particular on Security and threat perceptions, reasons for and against becoming a soldier, the image of the Federal Armed Forces and its soldiers, the role of the Federal Armed Forces in society, foreign deployments of the Federal Armed Forces, perceptions of branches of the armed forces, the role of compulsory military service, political and social participation, psycho-social profile-items, and questions about the working environment.
  • Table of Contents

    Potential applicants: interviewee is 25 years or younger; voluntary enlistment as a soldier in the Federal Armed Forces is conceivable; preferred military service in the Federal Armed Forces; planned application for military service in the Federal Armed Forces. 1. Perception of security and threat: personal feeling of security; feeling of being threatened by Environmental destruction, violence by other people, poverty, crime, unemployment, wars or military conflicts in the world, right-wing extremism, financial problems, new technologies (e.g. genetic engineering), diseases (e.g. AIDS), population growth, nuclear weapons, left-wing extremism, military threat to Germany, lack of data protection, nuclear power stations, foreign infiltration, international terrorism, drugs, shortage of raw materials, poison in food. 2. Attitudes towards security policy, foreign missions of the Federal Armed Forces: Germany´s role in the world: preference for a rather active vs. rather passive international policy of Germany; general attitude towards the Federal Armed Forces and NATO and the participation of the Federal Armed Forces in the operational forces in Kosovo (KFOR), in Bosnia-Herzegovina (SFOR), in Macedonia (FOX), in Afghanistan (ISAF) as well as the participation of the Federal Armed Forces in anti-terrorism operations, e.g. by the Navy in the Indian Ocean (ENDURING FREEDOM). 3. Personal relation to the Federal Armed Forces: interviewee is currently doing military service in the Federal Armed Forces or has done military service in the Federal Armed Forces/ NVA, is a temporary or professional soldier or was a temporary or professional soldier in the Federal Armed Forces/ NVA, is currently doing civilian service or has done civilian service. 4. Role and image of the Federal Armed Forces and their soldiers: Agreeing with statements about the Federal Armed Forces (compared to other armies, the Federal Armed Forces is equipped with modern weapon systems, in the Federal Armed Forces discipline and order prevails, in the Federal Armed Forces you can find real camaraderie, in the Federal Armed Forces soldiers often discuss with their superiors about the execution of orders, in the Federal Armed Forces you are tempted to drink alcohol, the equipment of the Federal Armed Forces is outdated, in international missions the German soldiers do their jobs just as well as the soldiers of other countries, in case of an emergency many soldiers of the Federal Armed Forces would try everything not to have to go into action); agreement to various statements on the profession of the soldier (e.g. German soldiers earn good money, soldiers of the Federal Armed Forces do not need to worry about their jobs, German soldiers are well trained for a possible military mission, etc.); agreement to statements about the Federal Armed Forces and its soldiers (e.g. the Federal Armed Forces has to develop into a highly professional security company because of the new tasks in the international area, the ´citizen in uniform´ is outdated, the Federal Armed Forces needs a new self-image, etc.). 5. Perception of partial armed forces: Opinion on the differences between the three partial armed forces Army, Air Force and Navy (have different tasks and characteristics vs. are organisational areas of the Federal Armed Forces without significant distinguishing features); allocation of characteristics to the partial force in which the respective characteristic is most pronounced (e.g. earning potential, structurally secure job, standing in the public eye, good working atmosphere, etc.); personal advice to a close male/female relative regarding the decision for a particular service; personal ideas in connection with the three services, Army, Air Force and Navy (e.g. you can always rely on comradeship, ´dirt, pressure and drill´ are predominant, empathy and consideration are also noticeable, etc.). 6. Role of the Federal Armed Forces in society: opinion on increasing defence expenditure; opinion on increasing the number of Federal Armed Forces soldiers; perception of the report on the reform of the Federal Armed Forces presented by the Weizsäcker Commission in May 2000; influence of the Weizsäcker Commission on the reform of the Federal Armed Forces; awareness of other defence structure commissions since the existence of the Federal Armed Forces (open). 7. Attitude towards military service: positive or negative attitude towards military service; opinion on compulsory military service for women; military or civilian service more important for society; personal advice to a friend regarding the decision to do military or civilian service and the obligation as a temporary soldier; personal advice to a woman regarding the obligation as a temporary soldier; attitude towards compulsory military service or the future of the Federal Armed Forces (current mix of conscripts and professional soldiers should be maintained, the Federal Armed Forces should be a purely voluntary army, compulsory military service should be reduced to a purely basic training, a general compulsory service should be introduced with a choice between military service and other services for society); agreement to statements on compulsory military service, compulsory military service and professional army (e.g. conscription army is cheaper than a professional army, professional army is particularly attractive for young men with an increased propensity to violence, etc.); agreement to statements on the relationship between the armed forces and civil society (through the military missions abroad, one´s own opinion of the Federal Armed Forces has improved, only through conscripts is the Federal Armed Forces properly integrated into society, etc.) 8. Social and political participation: approval of statements on German reunification (stop asking whether someone worked for the Stasi during the GDR regime or not, socialism is a good idea that was badly executed, the GDR has more good than bad sides, etc.); attitude towards the army of the former GDR (NVA) and the integration of East German soldiers into the Federal Armed Forces (e.g. the NVA was part of the GDR´s repressive apparatus, in the GDR you only became a soldier if you were convinced of the SED´s policies, etc.); attachment to the region, the federal state, West or East Germany, Germany as a whole, Europe and the world as a whole; important characteristics for really being a German (born in Germany, German citizenship, living in Germany for most of your life, being able to speak German, being a Christian, respecting German political institutions and laws, feeling German); self-assessment left-centre-right; party that best reflects your personal political attitude; Importance of various policy areas (general economic situation, situation on the labour market, environmental pollution, tax burden, reform of the health care system, securing pensions, costs of reunification, reform of the Federal Armed Forces, high proportion of foreigners, right-wing extremism, threat of terrorist attacks); preferred model for the deployment of women as soldiers in the Federal Armed Forces; value orientations (importance of qualities and behaviour, e.g., the ability to work in a foreign country, the ability to speak German, being a Christian, respecting German institutions and laws, feeling German/German); self-assessment left-centre-right; party that most closely reflects personal political attitudes; value orientation (importance of characteristics and behavior e.g. developing one´s own abilities, enjoying life, being independent, etc.); disenchantment with politics; satisfaction with democracy; interest in politics: Interest in economic policy, labour and social policy, security and defence policy, cultural policy, foreign policy, domestic policy as well as health policy; attitude towards the relationship between men and women (gender roles); agreement to statements about foreigners in Germany (e.g. enrich our culture, dangerous degree of foreign infiltration, etc.); expectations of the one professional activity; professional activity; working environment: satisfaction with working conditions in various areas (e.g. work colleagues, job, pay, immediate superior, etc.). Demography: sex; age (year of birth); educational attainment; employment status; occupational status; marital status; denomination; household size; number of persons aged 16 and over in the household. Additionally coded: Respondent ID; survey split (random, quota); quota: sex, age and education; town size; state; day of the interview; interview duration; interview date (day, month); weight.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2002-09-07 / 2002-10-12
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany (DE)
Sampled Universe
German-speaking persons aged 16 and over in private households
Probability: Multistage; Non-probability: Quota; Sampling Procedure Comment: Three samples were taken from the population: A) within the ADM Master Sample, a representative, multi-staged random sample (B) a quota sample. As well as C) within the framework of the ADM Master Sample, a further representative, multi-staged random sample with different questionnaires. The second sample was drawn using the quota method. Quota specifications related to the following characteristics: 1. sex (male: 51%; female: 49%) 2. age group (16-18 years: 34%; 19-21 years: 33%; 22-25 years: 33%) 3. school education (lower secondary school: 30%; secondary modern school: 30%; grammar school: 40%) The quota targets were determined on the basis of the data in the 2001 Statistical Yearbook. A total of 473 quota interviews were conducted.
Time Dimension
  • Cross-section
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview: PAPI
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 1629
    Number of Variables: 284
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7611 (Type: ZA-No.)

Update Metadata: 2021-05-29 | Issue Number: 16 | Registration Date: 2020-06-10