How the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Shaped Economic Activity in the American West

Resource Type
  • Ager, Philipp (University of Southern Denmark)
  • Worm Hansen, Casper (University of Copenhagen)
  • Eriksson, Katherine A. (University California, Davis)
  • Lønstrup, Lars (University of Southern Denmark)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
Natural disasters; San Francisco Earthquake; Economic Geography; 19th century; 20th century; census data; towns; migration; population size
  • Abstract

    Replication package for "How the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake Shaped
    Economic Activity in the American West" by Philipp Ager, Katherine A. Eriksson, Casper Worm Hansen and Lars Lønstrup. We refer to the paper, and its Online Appendix, for further details on data sources and how results are obtained. Please see the "read me.rtf" for further instructions. The software STATA is required to run programs (.do) and data files (.dta).

    This paper examines the long-run effects of the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake on the spatial distribution of economic activity in the American West. Using variation in the potential damage intensity of the earthquake, we show that more severely affected cities experienced lower population increases relative to less affected cities until the late 20th century. The earthquake left a long-lasting mark mainly because it interrupted existing migrant networks. Less affected areas became more attractive migrant destinations in the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, which permanently changed relative city sizes in the American West.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1870-01-01 / 1970-12-31
    Time Period: Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1870--Thu Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1970
  • 2015-01-01 / 2020-12-31
    Collection Date(s): Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015--Thu Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2020
Geographic Coverage
  • Oregon
  • United States
  • California
  • Nevada
Sampled Universe
The database includes the population size of cities covering the states of California, Oregon, and Nevada for every decade from 1870-1970

Collection Mode
  • Census/enumeration data 


Update Metadata: 2020-06-11 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-06-11