Data and Code for: Hunger and the Gender Gap

Resource Type
  • Chen, Yan (University of Michigan. School of Information)
  • Jiang, Ming (Shanghai Jiao Tong University. Antai School of Management)
  • Krupka, Erin (University of Michigan)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
hunger; gender; economic preferences
  • Abstract

    Temporary changes in biological state, such as hunger, can impact decision making differently for men and women. Food scarcity is correlated with a host of negative economic outcomes. Two explanations for this correlation are that hunger affects economic preferences directly or that hunger creates a mindset that focuses on scarcity management to the detriment of other decisions. To test these predictions, we conduct a lab-in-the-feld experiment in a health screening clinic in Shanghai, recruiting participants who finish their annual physical exam either before or after they have eaten breakfast. We compare the hungry and sated groups on their risk, time and generosity preferences as well as their cognitive performance. Our results show that men and women respond to hunger in opposite directions, thus hunger reduces the gender gap in decision quality, risk aversion and cognitive performance, but creates one in generosity. Finally, we examine several biomarkers and find that higher blood lipid levels are correlated with greater choice inconsistency, risk aversion and generosity. We contribute to emerging insights on the biological foundations for economic preferences and outcomes
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-04-03 / 2014-04-11
    Time Period: Thu Apr 03 00:00:00 EDT 2014--Fri Apr 11 00:00:00 EDT 2014
Geographic Coverage
  • Shanghai, China
Sampled Universe
 individuals visiting one of the health screening clinics of the company MeiNian.
  • Is cited by
    DOI: 10.1007/s10683-018-9589-9 (Text)
  • Chen, Yan, Ming Jiang, and Erin L. Krupka. “Hunger and the Gender Gap.” Experimental Economics 22, no. 4 (December 2019): 885–917.
    • ID: 10.1007/s10683-018-9589-9 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-06-23 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-06-23