Evaluating the Law Enforcement, Prosecutor, and Court Response to Firearm-related Crimes in St. Louis, 2015-2018

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data, census/enumeration data
  • Rosenfeld, Richard
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
court cases; court system; criminal justice policy; criminal justice system; firearms; legal systems
  • Abstract

    This study examines the entire range of case-processing decisions after arrest, from charging to sentencing of firearm-related crimes. This study analyzes the cumulative effects of each decision point, after a charge has been issued, on the subsequent decisions of criminal justice officials. It examines criminal justice decisions regarding a serious category of crime, gun-related offenses. These offenses, most of which are felonious firearm possession or firearm use cases, vary substantially with respect to bail, pretrial detention, and sentencing outcomes (Williams and Rosenfeld, 2016). The focus of this study is St. Louis, where firearm violence is a critical public problem and where neighborhoods range widely in both stability and level of disadvantage. These communities are characterized on the basis of a large number of demographic and socioeconomic indicators. The study aims to enhance understanding of the community context of the criminal justice processing of firearm-related crimes.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of multiple legal and extralegal factors on four key case-processing decision points: the prosecutor's decision to issue charges on an arrest and for those who are charged, bail amount, time spent in jail prior to case disposition, and sentencing to prison or to probation if convicted. Among the extralegal factors under investigation, the study team's primary focus is on the individual and cumulative effects on case-processing decisions of characteristics of the neighborhood where the offense occurred.
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable.
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2015-07-01--2018-06-30
  • 2015-07-01 / 2018-06-30
  • Collection date: 2017-06-01--2018-10-31
  • 2017-06-01 / 2018-10-31
Geographic Coverage
  • Missouri
  • St. Louis
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Persons arrested for firearm-related offenses in St. Louis. Smallest Geographic Unit: Neighborhood
Universe of eligible cases occurring between July 1, 2015 and June 30, 2018.
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (NIJ 2015-IJ-CX-0015).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37408 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37408.v1

Update Metadata: 2020-06-29 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-06-29