Improving Hot Spot Policing through Behavioral Interventions, New York City, 2012-2018

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data, event/transaction data, experimental data, geographic information system (GIS) data, survey data
  • Shah, Anuj
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
community policing; offenders; police citizen interactions; police community relations; police officers; public housing
  • Abstract

    This project aimed to develop new insights into offender decision-making in hot spots in New York City, and to test whether these insights could inform interventions to reduce crime in hot spots. There were two phases to the project. In the first phase a set of hypotheses were developed about offender decision-making based on semi-structured interviews with individuals who were currently incarcerated, formerly incarcerated individuals, individuals currently on probation, and community members of high crime areas with no justice-involvement. These interviews suggested several factors worthy of further testing. For instance, offenders believed they were less likely to get away with a crime if they knew more about the officers in their community. That is, when police officers were less anonymous, offenders were less likely to go forward with a crime. In the second phase a field intervention was developed and conducted to test whether reducing officer anonymity might deter crime. Through a randomized controlled trial (RCT) while working with NYPD neighborhood coordination officers, who work in New York City Housing Authority (NYCHA) developments, it was tested whether sending information about officers to residents in housing developments would deter crime in those developments.
  • Abstract

    To develop a better understanding of offender decision making through interviews, surveys, and a behavioral intervention to increase familiarity with local law enforcement.
  • Methods

    Randomized field trials and surveys following a behavioral intervention.
  • Methods

    Dataset 1 contains variables on NYCHA developments in New York City, including demographics, location, population, and crime incidents near the developments. Dataset 2 contains scale variables concerning feelings towards neigborhood police officers, job performance, response rate, and familiarity with those officers. It also includes items on demographics, residence, development statistics, and survey-related variables for researchers.
  • Abstract


    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: NYCHA Development Data
    • DS2: Survey Data for NIJ
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2012-11-01--2018-10-31
  • 2012-11-01 / 2018-10-31
  • Collection date: 2018-03-01--2018-04-30
  • 2018-03-01 / 2018-04-30
  • Collection date: 2012-11-01--2018-10-31
  • 2012-11-01 / 2018-10-31
  • Collection date: 2014-06-27--2014-10-01
  • 2014-06-27 / 2014-10-01
Geographic Coverage
  • New York City
Sampled Universe
Adult public housing residents, adult ex-offenders, adult probationers, and adult incarcerated population in New York City.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
  • on-site questionnaire
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2013-R2-CX-0006).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37284 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37284.v1

Update Metadata: 2020-06-29 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-06-29