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Multi-Method Study on Risk Assessment Implementation and Youth Outcomes in the Juvenile Justice System, United States, 2013-2018

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, survey data
Creator
  • Sullivan, Christopher J.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2020-06-30
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
juvenile justice; risk assessment
Description
  • Abstract

    To better understand the factors that may help or hinder effective implementation of risk and needs assessments, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) in 2015 launched a study led by the University of Cincinnati to examine the Ohio Youth Assessment System (OYAS) in three states-Arizona, Indiana, and Ohio. The OYAS tools measure risk and needs to inform court decisions as well as the delivery of services and treatment. Researchers collected data through a variety of methods, including in-person interviews with personnel at juvenile justice agencies; web-based surveys; comprehensive case record data for youths assessed by the OYAS; and phone interviews of youth following their case disposition and/or facility release. One of the study's key objectives was to understand how staff perceived the implementation of the OYAS. To assess the impact of the OYAS on youth outcomes--including reduced recidivism and other prosocial behavior and attitudes--the research team analyzed juvenile justice case records and conducted followup interviews with youth. Demographic variables included in this study include the race, gender, age, ethnicity, and level of education of participants.
  • Abstract

    One of the study's key objectives was to understand how staff perceived the implementation of the Ohio Youth Assessment System (OYAS). To assess the impact of the OYAS on youth outcomes, including reduced recidivism and other prosocial behavior and attitudes, the research team analyzed juvenile justice case records and conducted followup interviews with youth.
  • Methods

    Researchers collected data through a variety of methods, including 217 in-person interviews with personnel at 22 juvenile justice agencies, 1,013 web-based surveys, comprehensive case record data for 6,222 youths assessed by the Ohio Youth Assessment System (OYAS), and phone interviews of 131 youth following their case disposition and/or facility release.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Created variable labels and/or value labels.; Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Response rate is N/A for Juvenile Justice Personnel Interviews and Case Record Analysis. 1,013 web-based surveys were completed by Juvenile Justice Personnel, resulting in a 32.4 percent response rate. 131 telephone interviews were completed with youths previously involved in the juvenile justice system. The effective interview response rate was 20.4 percent when factoring in only those cases for which research staff had some contact with the youth or a parent (excluding cases with inaccurate or outdated contact information).
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: Juvenile Justice Personnel Web Based Surveys Data
    • DS2: Juvenile Justice Personnel Interviews Data
    • DS3: Comprehensive Assessment Sample Case Record File Data
    • DS4: Updated Youth Interview Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2013-01-01--2018-12-31
  • 2013-01-01 / 2018-12-31
  • Collection date: 2015-01-01--2018-12-31
  • 2015-01-01 / 2018-12-31
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Youths involved in the juvenile justice system and case records. Line personnel and administrators in juvenile justice agencies. Smallest Geographic Unit: State
Sampling
1. Juvenile Justice Personnel Web Based Surveys Data: Purposive sampling of agencies and individuals for interviews with juvenile justice personnel to cover different types of agencies, potential usage situations, and knowledge of the risk assessment tools and processes. 2. Juvenile Justice Personnel Interviews Data: Purposive sampling and distribution of web-based survey to relevant agency-developed email lists. 3. Comprehensive Assessment Sample Case Record File Data: Stratified random sampling of assessment and related case records. Stratification based on agencies (usage frequency) and assessment types (e.g., diversion, disposition, residential). 4. Updated Youth Interview Data: Potential youth interviewees selected based on random sampling from overall sample of case records in #3.
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts
  • face-to-face interview
  • telephone interview
  • web-based survey
Note
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (2014-MU-FX-0006).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37443 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2020-06-30 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-06-30

Sullivan, Christopher J. (2020): Multi-Method Study on Risk Assessment Implementation and Youth Outcomes in the Juvenile Justice System, United States, 2013-2018. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37443.v1