Miami-Dade County Public Schools Campus Shield Evaluation, Miami, Florida, United States, 2014-2019
- McCrary, Joseph L. (Joseph Lorn)
- Archival Version (Subtitle)
- Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
mental health; school safety and security
AbstractIn 2015, Miami-Dade County Public Schools (M-DCPS) received a three-year Comprehensive School Safety Initiative grant from the National Institute of Justice to implement, pilot test, and experimentally evaluate the effects of an innovative fusion center, Campus Shield, for proactively identifying and addressing school safety threats and issues. Three additional resources were also proposed to supplement and enhance the Campus Shield fusion center: visitor management systems (information on entries and exits from the school building to be recorded and fed into Campus Shield), surveillance cameras (which would also feed into Campus Shield), and the linkage of Campus Shield to "Mental Health Specialists" to provide direct services and act as a liaison between school-based student services professionals and community-based providers.
AbstractThe goal of Campus Shield was to improve school safety and climate through the development and deployment of a data collection, analysis, and dissemination system that permits proactive responses to potential threats, both immediate (as in the case of gang activity) and those that emerge over time (such as deteriorating school climate or escalations in bullying). This project sought to attain these goals by achieving the following objectives: * Developing a data system that integrates information from several sources, including school incident reports, tips from concerned citizens, and local jurisdiction police data; * Developing tools to analyze the data to provide a comprehensive assessment of internal and external threats to schools; * Developing a reporting mechanism that provides rapid, real-time information to schools concerning the nature of any threats and potential response options; * Conducting a pilot assessment in 6 schools of the data system, analytic tools, information disseminated, and response, and using the results to fine-tune Campus Shield; * Conducting a rigorous evaluation of Campus Shield in 24 schools (12 treatment, 12 control) to determine its effectiveness in reducing criminal and school offense incidents and improving school climate; and, * Disseminating findings broadly, through academic and mainstream publications and web media, including a project website with videos demonstrating Campus Shield in action. Due to a variety of reasons, the goal of the IDS was never fully realized and as a result the impact study was dropped. Instead, in order to contextualize the challenges faced by MDCPS and inform the field about efforts to construct IDS's for school safety, WestEd conducted interviews and surveys with district and school police staff in urban school systems to learn about their efforts to use data to inform policing.
MethodsIn January 2015, WestEd was contracted to conduct a formative and summative evaluation of the Campus Shield initiative. The formative stage was designed to include a pilot test conducted at three middle and three high schools in order to assess the development and implementation of the data system, analytic tools, methods of dissemination and related school-level response. The summative evaluation was designed to employ a cluster-based randomized controlled trial that relied on 12 experimental sites and 12 control sites to examine how the implementation of Campus Shield improves student behavior and school climate.
MethodsICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes..
MethodsPresence of Common Scales: The surveys contained Likert scales, multiple choice questions and opportunities for open-ended comments.
MethodsResponse Rates: In order to contextualize the challenges of building an integrated, school safety data system and to describe school safety data use practices, WestEd surveyed the 97 largest school districts' police and/or safety and security offices; unfortunately researchers only received eight responses. The large school district police departments who participated reported a range of data use, data integration, and data sharing among groups of stakeholders. Social media and local news were the most commonly reviewed data sources reported by school safety staff. In total, 31 administrators from the six pilot schools and eleven of the twelve treatment schools completed the online survey. Responses per school ranged from 1 to 3 administrators.
- DS0: Study-Level Files
- DS1: Campus Shield Spring 2018 Survey Data
- DS2: Campus Shield Pilot Staff Survey Data
- DS3: Incident Data 2014-2019
- DS4: Pilot Student Survey Data
- DS5: English Language Parent Pilot Survey Data
- DS6: Spanish Language Parent Pilot Survey Data
- DS7: Attendance, Mobility, and Suspension Data for 2014-2015 School Year
- DS8: Attendance, Mobility, and Suspension Data for 2015-2016 School Year
- DS9: Attendance, Mobility, and Suspension Data for 2016-2017 School Year
- DS10: Attendance, Mobility, and Suspension Data for 2017-2018 School Year
Time period: 2014--2019
2014 / 2019
paper and pencil interview (PAPI)
- 37332 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Is previous version of
Update Metadata: 2020-06-30 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-06-30