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Joireman Awraja Courts, Ethiopia and Eritrea, 1947-1974

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data
Creator
  • Joireman, Sandra F.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2020-07-15
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • Fulbright
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
court cases; property
Description
  • Abstract

    This data set consists of archival records collected from three awraja courts in Ethiopia and Eritrea in order to better understand the country's tenure system as well as the position and intentions of the Ethiopian imperial government. The sub-provinces that were chosen were Tegulet and Bulga in Shoa, Sidama in Sidamo, and Hamasien in Eritrea. The court records were found in Debre Berhan, Yirgalem, and Asmara, respectively. The sites were chosen because they represent three distinct patterns of land tenure in the Horn of Africa, in areas that were all under the aegis of the Ethiopian state during the period of this study. Pre-revolutionary data were selected because with the revolution came the Nationalization of Lands Proclamation, which inter alia put a stop to land litigation. The Proclamation also prevented any new court cases over land from being instigated. The unit of observation is court records for individual cases. Demographic variables in this study include the race, ethnic group, and gender of individuals.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study is to better understand the country's tenure system as well as the position and intentions of the Ethiopian imperial government. Court records were used to analyze the primary issues that were being litigated during this time period. The investigator was specifically trying to observe evidence of land sales in order to demonstrate that land tenure was an area in which people were looking for institutional change.
  • Methods

    All Awraja court cases from the provinces of sub-provinces of Tegulet and Bulga, Sidama, and Hamasien from selected years. While the intention was to collect awraja court cases from the years 1947, 1957, 1967 and 1974 (according to the Gregorian calendar), these were not always available. Therefore, for each sub-province, the investigator selected one year out of each decade from 1940-1970 and collected all of the court cases available from that year. Moreover, the three sub-provinces selected utilized different land tenure systems, therefore allowing the investigator to compare the different systems across time.
  • Methods

    Variables include geographic variables, relating to where the court case took place, as well as the nature of the dispute, and demographic variables about the plantiff and defendant, including race, ethnic group, and gender.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 1947--1974
  • 1947 / 1974
  • Collection date: 1993-09-01--1994-05-31
  • 1993-09-01 / 1994-05-31
Geographic Coverage
  • Eritrea
  • Ethiopia
Sampled Universe
All Awraja court cases from the provinces of sub-provinces of Tegulet and Bulga, Sidama, and Hamasien from selected years. While the intention was to collect awraja court cases from the years 1947, 1957, 1967 and 1974 (according to the Gregorian calendar), these were not always available. Therefore, for each sub-province, the investigator selected one year out of each decade from 1940-1970 and collected all of the court cases available from that year. Smallest Geographic Unit: Other
Note
Funding institution(s): Fulbright ().
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to ICPSR member institutions via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37817 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2020-07-15 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-07-15

Joireman, Sandra F. (2020): Joireman Awraja Courts, Ethiopia and Eritrea, 1947-1974. Version 1. Version: v1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37817.v1