Black Racial Ideologies and Help-Seeking
- Davari, Jaleh (Georgia State University)
AbstractBlack people underutilize mental health services compared to White people, and the current study sought to examine if racial identity might explain why. Specifically, this studyinvestigated how differences in racial ideology influenced help-seeking behavior in Blackcollege students. A total of 326 Black college students completed online measures assessing racial identity and help-seeking. Oppressed Minority ideology was linked to increased mental health help-seeking. When ideologies were modeled as latent classes, the Integrationist class (e.g., high Assimilation, high Humanist, high Oppressed Minority, low Nationalism) had greater help-seeking than the Nationalist class (i.e., high Nationalism, low in all other ideologies). Results suggest that Black students high in Nationalism and low in other ideologies may underutilize mental health services. Limitations and future directions are provided.
MethodsResponse Rates: The initial sample consisted of 394 individuals. Data from 67 individuals were deletedbecause of failure of at least one of four attention checks (e.g., please pick “strongly disagree” to show you are paying attention). Outlier data from one individual was identified during latent class analysis, as this individual comprised their own class, and this data was excluded. The final participant number was 326.
MethodsPresence of Common Scales: The ideology subscales of the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity (MIBI) wereused to measure racial identity (Sellers et al., 1997). Respondents reported the extent to which they agreed with each statement using a 7-point Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree; 7 = strongly agree), with higher scores indicating higher levels of each respective construct. Four subscales are included: Nationalist, Oppressed Minority, Assimilationist, and Humanist.
The 24-item Inventory of Attitudes toward Seeking Professional Psychological Services(IASMHS) contains three subscales: psychological openness, help-seeking propensity, and indifference to stigma. Items were rated using a 5-point Likert type scale ranging from 0 (disagree) to 4 (agree).
Southeastern United States
Update Metadata: 2021-02-15 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-08-20