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Data and Code for: "Rage Against the Machines: Labor-Saving Technology and Unrest in Industrializing England."

Version
1
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data, census/enumeration data, geographic information system (GIS) data, observational data, program source code, survey data, text
Creator
  • Caprettini, Bruno (University of Zurich (Switzerland))
  • Voth, Hans-Joachim (University of Zurich (Switzerland))
Publication Date
2020-08-27
Funding Reference
  • Swiss National Foundation
    • Award Number: PZ00P1_173998
  • Swiss National Foundation
    • Award Number: 100018_156197
  • Richard Büchner Stiftung
Free Keywords
labor-saving technology; social instability; riots; welfare support; agricultural technology; factor prices; technological change
Description
  • Abstract

    Can new technology cause social instability and unrest? We examine the famous "Captain Swing" riots in 1830s England. Newly-collected data on threshing machine diffusion shows that labor-saving technology was associated with more riots. We instrument technology adoption with the share of heavy soils in a parish: IV estimates demonstrate that threshing machines were an important cause of unrest. Where alternative employment opportunities softened the blow of new technology, there was less rioting. Conversely, where enclosures had impoverished workers, the effect of threshing machines on rioting was amplified.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1800-01-01 / 1831-12-31
    Time Period: Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1800--Sat Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1831 (Swing riots of 1830-32)
  • 2016-03-01 / 2020-01-03
    Collection Date(s): Tue Mar 01 00:00:00 EST 2016--Fri Jan 03 00:00:00 EST 2020
Geographic Coverage
  • England and Wales
Sampled Universe
English and Welsh historical parishes.
.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Relations
  • Is version of
    DOI: 10.3886/E117044
Publications
  • Caprettini, Bruno, and Voth Hans-Joachim. “Rage Against the Machines: Labor-Saving Technology and Unrest in Industrializing England.” American Economic Review: Insights, n.d.

Update Metadata: 2020-08-29 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-08-29

Caprettini, Bruno; Voth, Hans-Joachim (2020): Data and Code for: "Rage Against the Machines: Labor-Saving Technology and Unrest in Industrializing England.". Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/E117044V1