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Hazard Manager Stereotypes as Influences on Trust, Confidence and Cooperation

Resource Type
Dataset : survey data
  • Johnson, Branden (Decision Research)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • NSF
    • Award Number: 1427039
Free Keywords
  • Abstract

    Citizens' trust in hazard-managing organizations is important both as a marker of institutional performance in a democratic society, and as a condition for achievement of certain performance goals of the organization. Understanding the factors influencing trust has theoretical as well as practical implications, but research in this area to date has tended to focus on situation-specific factors. Given the unfamiliarity of most hazard-managing organizations and hazard topics to most citizens, citizens' stereotypes of the institutions to which these organizations belong may be an important influence particularly where situation-specific information is unavailable or people are unmotivated to see it. The goals of this research were to assess stereotypes of major societal institutions (e.g., government, business, nonprofits, federal government agencies, corporations, nonprofit advocacy groups), how these stereotypes compare to judgments on similar attributes of specific familiar and unfamiliar organizations, the degree to which stereotypes influence trust in specific organizations in specific hazard management situations, and whether organization communications based on varied approaches to stereotypical attributes affect trust. The outcome will be a better appreciation of the degree to which institutional stereotypes contribute to trust judgments of hazard-managing organizations, and whether such organizations can improve their trustworthiness by communicating about how they embody or flout stereotypical attributes.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2014-10-01 / 2017-10-31
    Collection Date(s): Wed Oct 01 00:00:00 EDT 2014--Tue Oct 31 00:00:00 EDT 2017 (October 2014 through October 2017 )
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Smallest Geographic Unit: United States
Convenience sample
Collection Mode
  • web-based survey;

This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E120915V1
  • Johnson, Branden B. “Perceived Characteristics of Hazard-Managing Organizations for Institutional Stereotypes and Their Effects on Trust.” Journal of Risk Research, June 1, 2020, 1–19.
    • ID: 10.1080/13669877.2020.1749115 (DOI)
  • Johnson, Branden B. “Probing the Role of Institutional Stereotypes in Americans’ Evaluations of Hazard-Managing Institutions.” Journal of Risk Research 23, no. 3 (March 3, 2020): 313–29.
    • ID: 10.1080/13669877.2019.1569095 (DOI)
  • Johnson, Branden B., and David DeGarmo. “American Institutional Stereotypes: A Pilot Investigation of Factor Structure.” SSRN Electronic Journal, 2018.
    • ID: 10.2139/ssrn.3388846 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-09-02 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-09-02

Johnson, Branden (2020): Hazard Manager Stereotypes as Influences on Trust, Confidence and Cooperation. Version: V0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.