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Child Care Licensing Study, United States, 2017

Version
v2
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, survey data
Creator
  • Fischer, Sheri
  • Orlowski, Tara
Other Title
  • Version 2 (Subtitle)
Collective Title
  • Child Care Licensing Survey Series
Publication Date
2020-09-03
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Child Care
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
child care; child health; child nutrition; licensing; state regulations
Description
  • Abstract

    The 2017 Child Care Licensing Study provides information collected about child care licensing programs and policies and the facility requirements for child care centers, family child care homes, and group child care homes for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Limited center regulations data are available for U.S. territories of Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. The data about state licensing policies, including facility monitoring, enforcement of licensing regulations, and licensing program staff, were gathered by the National Association for Regulatory Administration (NARA) in the 2017 NARA Child Care Licensing Programs and Policies Survey. NARA sent an online survey to all state child care licensing agencies in March 2018. Respondents submitted their answers via Survey Monkey, and by January 2019, all states had responded. The data from the Licensing Survey cover the following topical areas: Number of licensed facilities; Complaint investigations; Licensing staff; Enforcement actions; Types of inspections; Licensing information on the Internet; Frequency of inspections; Licensing fees; Frequency of licensing; Licensing staff requirements; Inspections and monitoring; Licensing's role in quality initiatives; The data about licensing requirements for child care centers, family child care homes, and group child care homes were collected by the National Center on Early Childhood Quality Assurance from the regulations posted on the National Database of Child Care Licensing Regulations that were in effect as of December 31, 2017. The licensing regulations data cover the following areas: Licensing regulations; Additional staff training requirements; Definition of licensed child care centers; Child-staff ratios and group size; Staff roles and age requirements; Supervision of children; Staff qualifications and ongoing training requirements; Care of children; Facility requirements and; Staff hiring requirements; The same web site was used to collect licensing regulations covering the above listed topics for small family child care homes and large/group family child care homes.
  • Abstract

    The role of licensing in the early care and education system is to provide a mandatory floor of program standards and monitoring that will protect children from physical harm and enhance learning and development. Within the early care and education system, licensing covers the broadest content, the largest number of children ages birth to school-age, and the largest population of providers. Using data compiled from state child care licensing regulations and the results of a survey of state licensing agencies, research briefs examine the state of licensing in 2017 and identify trends that have become apparent during several years of data collection. The findings provide evidence that states are making positive changes in their licensing requirements and policies to protect the health and safety of children in out-of-home care.
  • Methods

    ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection: Performed consistency checks.; Created variable labels and/or value labels..
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Responses to the survey were received from all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Regulations and statutes were reviewed from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and U.S. territories.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: State Licensing Programs and Policies Data
    • DS2: State Child Care Center Regulations Data
    • DS3: State Small Family Child Care Home Regulations Data
    • DS4: State Large/Group Family Child Care Home Regulations Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2017
  • Collection date: 2018-03--2019-01
  • 2018-03 / 2019-01
Geographic Coverage
  • United States
Sampled Universe
State child care licensing agencies in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and (center regulations data only) the U.S. territories of Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and Virgin Islands. Smallest Geographic Unit: State
Collection Mode
  • web-based survey
Note
2020-09-08 Corrections were made to the documentation. Funding institution(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Office of Child Care (90TA0002-01-00).
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37700 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37700.v1

Update Metadata: 2020-09-08 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-09-08

Fischer, Sheri; Orlowski, Tara (2020): Child Care Licensing Study, United States, 2017. Version 2. Child Care Licensing Survey Series. Version: v2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR37700.v2