Eurobarometer 92.3 (2019)

Version
1.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 92 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2020-09-15
Contributor
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication, COMM.A.3 ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’ (Researcher)
  • Kantar Belgium, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • Kantar TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • Kantar CZ, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • Kantar GALLUP A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Deutschland, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Kantar UK Limited, London, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • Taylor Nelson Sofres Market Research, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Investigación de Mercados y Opinión, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Public France, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • Kantar TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO International, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • Das Österreichische Gallup Institut, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • Marktest – Marketing, Organização e Formação, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • Centrul Pentru Studierea Opiniei si Pietei CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Mediana DOO, Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • Kantar TNS Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • Kantar UK Limited, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Brima, Skopje, North Macedonia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania (Data Collector)
  • Kantar Public, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Patterns of Consumption
    • Society, Culture
    • Technology, Energy
    • Public expenditures
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Consumption/consumer behaviour
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic policy
    • Information technology
Description
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study all question modules are in the standard Eurobarometer context: 1. Standard EU and trend questions, 2. Europeans´ priorities, 3. European citizenship, 4. Media use and political information, 5. EU budget, 6. Artificial Intelligence, 7. Food safety. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU (standard EU and trend questions): assessment of the current situation in the following areas: own country, national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, situation in the own country in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; general direction things are going in the own country, the EU, and in the USA; trust in selected media and institutions: written press, radio, TV, internet, online social networks, political parties, national legal system, police, army, public administration, regional or local public authorities, national government, national parliament, European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU: modern, democratic, protective, efficient, forward-looking, remote; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing; expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country; assessment of the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC) as a good thing; expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC); knowledge of and trust in selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank, European Council, Council of the European Union, Court of Justice of the EU, European Court of Auditors, European Committee of the Regions, European Economic and Social Committee, European Ombudsman; approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, better development of the own country outside the EU, more decisions to be taken at EU level; optimism about the future of the EU; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU. 2. Europeans´ priorities: approval of the following statements: recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU, more recognition of citizens’ interests with regard to decisions relating to the future of the EU, respect of EU core values by all member states; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, digital single market within the EU, creation of a European public-private fund in order to support SMEs, creation of a European Child Guarantee to fight child poverty and child social exclusion, implementation of new measures at EU level to improve gender equality in the workplace, insurance that new trade agreements concluded by the EU will have highest standards of climate, environmental and labour protection, increasing EU budget for the ´Erasmus +´ programme; approval of the following statements: measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, measures to reduce youth unemployment in the own country cannot be delayed (split A), measures to reduce youth unemployment at EU level cannot be delayed (split B), minimum wage for workers in each member state, free-market economy should go with a high level of social protection, fair taxation of large technology companies in the EU; most important objectives in a European Green Deal: introduction of a tax on products imported from third countries with lower climate policy standards than the EU, moving towards a zero pollution ambition, fight against plastic waste, promote ´Circular Economy´, measures to make the EU carbon neutral by 2050, support EU farmers in order to provide Europeans with affordable and safe food, reduce energy consumption, develop renewable energy, protect biodiversity; attitude towards the following issues: common foreign policy of all member states, common defence and security policy, common trade policy, common European migration policy, common energy policy, further enlargement, free movement of EU citizens; attitude towards the following issues: common European Asylum system, reinforcement of EU external borders; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; approval of selected statements: immigrants contribute a lot to the own country, own country should help refugees, EU’s voice counts in the world; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live in every member state of the EU, work in every member state of the EU. 3. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own country, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements: feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; most positive results of the EU; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens; approval of selected statements: people in the own country have a lot of things in common, people in the EU have a lot of things in common; most important personal values; values that best represent the EU; amount of shared values between the member states; approval of selected statements: quality of life was better before, respondent understands what is going on the world, confidence in the future; assessment of the current speed of building Europe and preferred speed; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of European Parliament members by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU. 4. Media use and political information: assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about European matters; self-rated knowledge about European matters; frequency of the following activities: watch television on a TV set, watch television via the internet, listen to the radio, read printed press, use the internet, use online social networks; preferred sources of information on national political matters; preferred sources of information on the European Union, its policies and institutions; assessment of the appropriateness of coverage with European Union issues in the following media: TV, radio, printed press, websites, online social networks; assessment of the presentation of the EU in the national media as positive; attitude towards selected statements on the situation of the media in the own country: provide trustworthy information, provide a diversity of views and opinions, provide information free from political or commercial pressure, public service media are free from political pressure; attitude towards the following statements on news that misrepresent reality: often to be found, easy to identify, is a problem in the own country, is a problem for democracy in general. 5. EU budget: attitude towards an increase in the EU budget given its political objectives; assumed fields on which most of the EU budget is spent; preferred fields on which to spend most of the EU budget on. 6. Artificial Intelligence: attitude towards the obligation to inform users when digital services or mobile applications use artificial intelligence: in every case, in cases where it is not obvious, in cases where artificial intelligence may pose a risk, not important to know, trust in being protected by existing rules; preferred statements with regard to the best use of artificial intelligence: to improve medical diagnostics and surgery as well as to develop personalized medicine, to improve traffic management and air quality, to improve pollution monitoring and energy consumption levels, to power robots and improve productivity and job safety, to improve safety and security of society; preferred statements with regard to the negative impact of artificial intelligence: discrimination of people, unclear responsibilities (e.g. accidents of self-driving cars), new situations with no point to turn to in case of problems; preferred statement with regard to the development of artificial intelligence in an ethical manner: need of public policy intervention, leave these issues to industry providers of artificial intelligence, no need for specific action. 7. Food safety: most important aspects with regard to buying food: personal ethics and beliefs, food safety, cost, nutrient content, taste, origin; preferred statement with regard to food safety: main concern when choosing food, no concern as respondent takes for granted that sold food is safe, no concern as respondent believes that his body can handle food safety risks; awareness of the following topics: genetically modified ingredients in food or drinks, additives, food poisoning from bacteria, pesticide residues in food, medical residues in meat, environmental pollutants in animal products, traces of materials (e.g. plastic) that come in contact with food, genome editing, diseases in animals, plant diseases, nano particles, poisonous moulds, food hygiene, allergic reactions on food or drinks, microplastic in food; biggest concerns with regard to the aforementioned topics; main sources of information about food risks; impact of knowledge on food risks on personal consumption behaviour: permanent change, temporary change, worries but no change, no worries and no change; trust in information on food risks coming from: NGOs, celebrities or bloggers or influencers, scientists, supermarket and restaurants, EU institutions, journalists, national authorities, food industries, farmers, consumer organisations; attitude towards the following statements on food risks and food safety: existing regulations ensure food safety, EU relies on scientists to give expert advice, EU has a separate institution that provides scientific advice on food safety, scientific advice on food risks is independent of commercial or political interests, national authorities and the EU protect citizens from food risks, food products are full of harmful substances, personal interest in the topic of food safety, no need for help with regard to information on food safety risks as respondent is able to assess risks by himself, food safety information is often highly technical and complex, highly technical and complex information on food safety reduces respondent’s confidence in the source. Demography: age; nationality; life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; left-right self-placement; marital status; sex; age at end of education; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; own a mobile phone and fixed (landline) phone; financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview; nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-12-13
    total
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-25
    Belgium
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-24
    Bulgaria
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-25
    Czechia
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-27
    Denmark
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-29
    Germany
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-26
    Estonia
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-25
    Ireland
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-25
    Greece
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-25
    Spain
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-26
    France
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-25
    Croatia
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-24
    Italy
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-24
    Cyprus
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-28
    Latvia
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-25
    Lithuania
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-27
    Luxembourg
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-24
    Hungary
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-28
    Malta
  • 2019-11-14 / 2019-11-27
    Netherlands
  • 2019-11-21 / 2019-11-24
    Austria
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-27
    Poland
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-26
    Portugal
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-24
    Romania
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-25
    Slovenia
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-26
    Slovakia
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-29
    Finland
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-27
    Sweden
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-26
    United Kingdom
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-25
    Turkish Cypriot Community
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-27
    Turkey
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-25
    North Macedonia
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-24
    Montenegro
  • 2019-11-15 / 2019-11-25
    Serbia
  • 2019-11-21 / 2019-12-13
    Albania
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • United Kingdom (GB-UKM)
  • Albania (AL)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, North Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 1001
Note
Modules QA to QE in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 91.5 (ZA7576) and Eurobarometer 90.3 (ZA7489). Module QF ‘Europeans and Artifical Intelligence’ is newly introduced. Module QG ‘Food safety’ is newly introduced and surveyed only in the candidate countries. It was implemented on behalf of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Please note that the absence of question numbers qa14 to qa16 and qa18 in the questionnaires and the dataset is intended. The placement of question qa17 after qa19 also is intended and corresponds to the original data delivery.
Availability
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Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA7601 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 92. Public Opinion in the European Union. Survey requested by the European Commission, requested and co-ordinated by Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM Unit ‘Media monitoring and Eurobarometer’). [http://ec.europa.eu/commfrontoffice/publicopinion/index.cfm/Survey/getSurveyDetail/instruments/STANDARD/surveyKy/2255]

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 17 | Registration Date: 2020-09-15