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The Cuban Revolution and Infant Mortality: A Synthetic Control Approach

Version
V0
Resource Type
Dataset : aggregate data
Creator
  • Geloso, Vincent (King's University College)
  • Bologna Pavlik, Jamie (Texas Tech University)
Publication Date
2020-09-23
Funding Reference
  • No funding received
Description
  • Abstract

    The Cuban government often boasts that the country's infant mortality rate has been low and falling since Fidel Castro's revolution in 1959. However, because many Latin American countries have experienced similar decreases, and because Cuba historically enjoyed lower infant mortality rates than the rest of Latin America, it is unclear whether the government should get credit. We use the fact that Cuba underwent momentous and unique political changes to consider the effect of Castro’s regime on infant mortality. We employ a synthetic control method to ascertain how much of the reduction, if any, can be attributed to the regime. We find that in the first decade of the regime, infant mortality increased relative to the counterfactual, but that---after the introduction of Soviet subsidies---infant mortality partially reverted to trend. To measure the effect of the subsidies, we run a second synthetic control test concerning the collapse of the Soviet Union and the accompanying end of the subsidies. This control suggests that the subsidies played no important role.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1945-01-01 / 2005-12-31
    Time Period: Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EDT 1945--Sat Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2005
  • 1945-01-01 / 2005-12-31
    Collection Date(s): Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EDT 1945--Sat Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2005
Geographic Coverage
  • Cuba
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Relations
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E121691V3
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E121691V1
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E121691V2
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E121691V4

Update Metadata: 2020-09-23 | Issue Number: 4 | Registration Date: 2020-09-15

Geloso, Vincent; Bologna Pavlik, Jamie (2020): The Cuban Revolution and Infant Mortality: A Synthetic Control Approach. Version: V0. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset. https://doi.org/10.3886/E121691