Eurobarometer 86.2 (2016)

Version
2.0.0
Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
Creator
  • European Commission, Brussels
Other Title
  • Standard Eurobarometer 86 (Alternative Title)
  • Priorities of the European Union, European Economy, European Citizenship, and Information on European Political Matters (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2020-09-29
Contributor
  • European Commission, Brussels; Directorate General Communication COMM.A.1 ‘Strategic Communication’ (Researcher)
  • TNS Dimarso, Brussels, Belgium (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Bulgaria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Aisa, Prague, Czech Republic (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP DK, Copenhagen, Denmark (Data Collector)
  • TNS Infratest, Munich, Germany (Data Collector)
  • TNS Emor, Tallinn, Estonia (Data Collector)
  • Behaviour & Attitudes, Dublin, Ireland (Data Collector)
  • TNS ICAP, Athens, Greece (Data Collector)
  • TNS Spain, Madrid, Spain (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sofres, Montrouge, France (Data Collector)
  • TNS Italia, Milan, Italy (Data Collector)
  • CYMAR Market Research, Nicosia, Cyprus (Data Collector)
  • TNS Latvia, Riga, Latvia (Data Collector)
  • TNS LT, Vilnius, Lithuania (Data Collector)
  • TNS ILReS, Luxembourg, Luxembourg (Data Collector)
  • TNS Hoffmann Kft, Budapest, Hungary (Data Collector)
  • MISCO, Valletta, Malta (Data Collector)
  • TNS NIPO, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Data Collector)
  • ipr Umfrageforschung, Vienna, Austria (Data Collector)
  • TNS Polska, Warsaw, Poland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Portugal, Lisbon, Portugal (Data Collector)
  • TNS CSOP, Bucharest, Romania (Data Collector)
  • Mediana D.O.O., Ljubljana, Slovenia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Slovakia, Bratislava, Slovakia (Data Collector)
  • TNS GALLUP Oy, Espoo, Finland (Data Collector)
  • TNS Sifo, Stockholm and Gothenburg, Sweden (Data Collector)
  • TNS UK, London, United Kingdom (Data Collector)
  • HENDAL, Zagreb, Croatia (Data Collector)
  • Lipa Consultancy, Nicosia, Turkish Cypriot Community (Data Collector)
  • TNS PIAR, Istanbul, Turkey (Data Collector)
  • TNS Brima, Skopje, Macedonia (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Montenegro (Data Collector)
  • TNS Medium Gallup, Belgrade, Serbia (Data Collector)
  • TNS BBSS, Sofia, Albania (Data Collector)
  • TNS opinion, Brussels (international co-ordination) (Data Collector)
Language
English
Classification
  • ZA:
    • International Institutions, Relations, Conditions
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Economic Policy, National Economic Situation
    • Society, Culture
    • Communication, Public Opinion, Media
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Cultural and national identity
    • Information and communication
    • Politics
    • International politics and organisation
    • Economic conditions and indicators
    • Economic policy
Description
  • Abstract

    Since the early 1970s the European Commission´s Standard & Special Eurobarometer are regularly monitoring the public opinion in the European Union member countries. Principal investigators are the Directorate-General Communication and on occasion other departments of the European Commission or the European Parliament. Over time, candidate and accession countries were included in the Standard Eurobarometer Series. Selected questions or modules may not have been surveyed in each sample. Please consult the basic questionnaire for more information on country filter instructions or other questionnaire routing filters. In this study all question modules are in the standard Eurobarometer context: 1. Standard EU and trend questions, 2. Europe 2020 strategy and policy priorities, 3. Financial and economic crisis and related EU policies, 4. European citizenship, 5. Media use and political information. Topics: 1. Attitudes towards the EU (standard EU and trend questions): life satisfaction; frequency of discussions about political matters on national, European, and local level; assessment of the current situation in the following areas: national economy, European economy, personal job situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, provision of public services in the own country; expectations for the next twelve months regarding: personal life in general, national economic situation, financial situation of the own household, national employment situation, personal job situation, economic situation in the EU, economic situation in the world; most important problems in the own country, personally, and in the EU; assessment of the own country’s assumed membership in the EU as a good thing; expectations of benefit from an assumed membership of the own country; assessment of the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC) as a good thing; expectations of benefit from the full application of EU legislation for the Turkish Cypriot Community (TCC); general direction things are going in the own country, the EU, and in the USA; trust in selected institutions: written press, radio, television, internet, online social networks, national legal system, police, army, public administration, political parties, regional or local public authorities, national government, national parliament, European Union, United Nations; image of the EU; positive associations with the following terms: free trade, globalisation, liberalisation, competition, public service, security, solidarity; meaning of the EU to the respondent; most suitable attributes for describing the EU: modern, democratic, protective, efficient, technocratic, forward-looking; approval of the following statements on the EU: creates conditions for more jobs in Europe, makes doing business easier in Europe, generates too much bureaucracy, needs a clearer message; knowledge of and trust in selected institutions: European Parliament, European Commission, European Central Bank; knowledge test on the EU: number of member states, direct election of European Parliament members by the citizens of each member state, Switzerland is a member of the EU; attitude towards the following issues: European economic and monetary union with one single currency, common foreign policy of all member states, further enlargement, common defence and security policy, free trade and investment agreement between the EU and the USA, common European migration policy, common energy policy, digital single market within the EU, free movement of EU citizens; satisfaction with the democracy in the own country and in the EU; own voice counts in the own country and in the EU; approval of the following statements: respondent understands how the EU works, recognition of the own country’s interests in the EU, EU’s voice counts in the world, globalisation as an opportunity for economic growth, better development of the own country outside the EU, more decisions to be taken at EU level, optimism about the future of the EU. 2. Europe 2020 strategy and policy priorities: likelihood to reach the following objectives by 2020: three quarters of people between 20 and 64 years of age having a job, share of funds invested in research and development reaching 3% of the wealth produced in the EU each year, reduction of EU greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20% (compared to 1990), increase of the share of renewable energy in the EU by 20%, increase of energy efficiency in the EU by 20%, reduction of the share of young people leaving school without qualifications to 10%, at least 40% of the people aged 30 to 34 having a higher education degree or diploma, reduction of the number of people living below the poverty line by a quarter, increase industry’s contribution to economy to 20% of GDP; EU is going in the right direction to exit the crisis and face new global challenges; most important objectives in a European energy union; feeling towards immigration of people from: other EU member states, outside the EU; attitude towards additional measures to fight illegal immigration of people from outside the EU on EU level and / or on national level; attitude towards the right for EU citizens to: live or work in every member state of the EU, live or work in the respondent’s country. 3. Financial and economic crisis and related EU policies: impact of the economic crisis on the job market has already reached its peak; approval of the following statements: measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country cannot be delayed (split A), measures to reduce public deficit and debt in the own country are not a priority for now (split B), EU has sufficient power and tools to defend its economic interests globally, private sector is better placed to create new jobs than public sector, public money should be used to stimulate private sector investment at EU level; approval of selected measures to reform global financial markets: introduction of a tax on financial transactions, introduction of Eurobonds, wage regulation in the financial sector, tougher rules on tax avoidance and tax havens. 4. European citizenship: feeling of attachment towards: own city, own community, European Union, Europe; approval of the following statements: feeling of being a citizen of the EU, knowledge of the rights of EU citizens, desire for more information on the rights of EU citizens; feeling of national and / or European identity; most positive results of the EU; most important factors for creating a feeling of community among EU citizens; most important personal values; values that best represent the EU; amount of shared values between the member states; approval of selected statements: state intervenes too much in personal lives, immigrants contribute a lot to the own country, people in the own country have a lot of things in common, respondent understands what is going on the world, own country should help refugees, everything was better before, confidence in the future; likelihood to make use of the ´European Citizens’ Initiative´; most likely political fields to use the ´European Citizens’ Initiative´; awareness of the Erasmus programme; attitude towards the Erasmus programme; association with the 60th anniversary of the Rome Treaty; assessment of the Treaty of Rome as a historic event. 5. Media use and political information: assessment of the informedness of the people in the own country about European matters; self-rated knowledge about European matters; frequency of the following activities: watch television on a TV set, watch television via the internet, listen to the radio, read printed press, use the internet, use online social networks; preferred sources of information on national political matters; preferred sources of information on European political matters; preferred sources of information on the European Union, its policies and institutions; assessment of the appropriateness of coverage with European Union issues in the following media: TV, radio, printed press, websites, online social networks; assessment of the presentation of the EU in the national media as positive; attitude towards selected statements on political information in online social networks: modern way to keep abreast, not trustworthy, can get people interested, good way to have a say. Demography: nationality; left-right self-placement; marital status; age at end of education; sex; age; occupation; professional position; type of community; household composition and household size; possession of durable goods (entertainment electronics, internet connection, possession of a car, a flat/a house have finished paying for or still paying for); financial difficulties during the last year; internet use (at home, at work, at school); self-reported belonging to the working class, the middle class or the upper class of society. Additionally coded was: respondent ID; country; questionnaire split; date of interview; time of the beginning of the interview; duration of the interview; number of persons present during the interview; respondent cooperation; size of locality; region; language of the interview (only in BE, LU, ES, FI, EE, LV, MT, MK, TR); nation group; weighting factor.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2016-11-03 / 2016-11-16
    total
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Belgium
  • 2016-11-03 / 2016-11-14
    Bulgaria
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Czech Republic
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Denmark
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Germany
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Estonia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Ireland
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Greece
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Spain
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    France
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Croatia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Italy
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Cyprus
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Latvia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Lithuania
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Luxembourg
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Hungary
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Malta
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Netherlands
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Austria
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Poland
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Portugal
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Romania
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Slovenia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Slovakia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-16
    Finland
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Sweden
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    United Kingdom
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Turkish Cypriot Community
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Turkey
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-14
    Montenegro
  • 2016-11-05 / 2016-11-13
    Serbia
  • 2016-11-09 / 2016-11-15
    Albania
Geographic Coverage
  • Belgium (BE)
  • Bulgaria (BG)
  • Czech Republic (CZ)
  • Denmark (DK)
  • Germany (DE)
  • Estonia (EE)
  • Ireland (IE)
  • Greece (GR)
  • Spain (ES)
  • France (FR)
  • Italy (IT)
  • Cyprus (CY)
  • Latvia (LV)
  • Lithuania (LT)
  • Luxembourg (LU)
  • Hungary (HU)
  • Malta (MT)
  • Netherlands (NL)
  • Austria (AT)
  • Poland (PL)
  • Portugal (PT)
  • Romania (RO)
  • Slovenia (SI)
  • Slovakia (SK)
  • Finland (FI)
  • Sweden (SE)
  • Croatia (HR)
  • Turkey (TR)
  • Macedonia, the Former Yugoslav Republic of (MK)
  • Montenegro (ME)
  • Serbia (RS)
  • Great Britain (GB-GBN)
  • Northern Ireland (GB-NIR)
  • Albania (AL)
Sampled Universe
Population of the respective nationalities of the European Union Member States and other EU nationals, resident in each of the 28 Member States and aged 15 years and over. The survey has also been conducted in Turkey, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania, and in the Turkish Cypriot Community. In these countries, it covers the national population of citizens and the population of citizens of all the European Union Member States that are residents in these countries and have a sufficient command of the national languages to answer the questionnaire.
Sampling
Probability: Stratified; Sampling Procedure Comment: Probability Sample: Multistage Sample
Collection Mode
  • Face-to-face interview
  • Face-to-face interview Face-to-face interview: CAPI (Computer Assisted Personal Interview)
Data and File Information
  • Unit Type: Individual
    Number of Units: 32896
    Number of Variables: 743
Note
All question modules in the standard Eurobarometer context and largely replicating questions asked in the context of Eurobarometer 85.2 [ZA6694] or 84.3 [ZA6643]. Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 (with 84.1 for Germany), the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P6 (SIZE OF COMMUNITY) has changed considerably. Categories for all countries have been harmonized among each other to three values (Rural area - Towns and suburbs/small urban area - Cities/large urban areas) except for Turkey (5-point category scheme). Starting with Eurobarometer 85.2 the category scheme for Montenegro, Serbia and Albania changed from three to two categories (Rural area – Urban area). Starting with Eurobarometer 81.3 the category scheme for country specific protocol variables P7 (REGION) has changed for some countries, in particular introducing NUTS categories for Ireland, Estonia, and Croatia. The label for qd8 has been corrected in version v1.3.0. Variables qd9_1 to qd9_7, qd14 and qe4t have been corrected in version v1.4.0. The variable label for qd4t_1 has been corrected in version v2-0-0. 39 respondents from CY-TCC give substantial answers in qe6 (‘EU INFORMATION SOURCES’) and at the same time are coded 1 (‘Mentioned‘) in qe6_15 (‘Never look for such information, not interested (SPONTANEOUS)’). Please note that two respondents from Germany give substantial answers in d46_1 to d46_11 (‘OWNERSHIP DURABLES’) and at the same time are coded 1 (‘Mentioned’) in d46_12 (‘None’). SIZE OF COMMUNITY (p6mk) is not available for Macedonia. The fieldwork dates implied by the values in protocol variable p1 (date of interview) differ slightly from those indicated in the technical specifications provided by TNS for some countries. In the course of a new dataset delivery from TNS/KANTAR the SIZE OF COMMUNITY variable p6al for Albania has been corrected for a deviant frequency distribution in version v1-5-0. As a consequence of this data correction weights referring to Albania have been modified. Please note that official reports and tables may be based on former weights and slight deviations to the current dataset results can exist. Please note that variable q1_29 has been adjusted in version v1.5.0 in order to include outliers that had been erroneously coded to 9 ‘Inap. (NOT ASKED IN OTHER COUNTRIES)’ in version v1-4-0 when filter instructions had been consistently applied. As a result, starting with dataset version v1-5-0 14 respondents from the Turkish Cypriot Community are coded 1 (Mentioned) in q1_29 (‘NATIONALITY: TURKEY’) even though q1_29 should only have been fielded in Turkey. Therefore the countries excluded by the corresponding filter statement are respectively coded 0 (‘Not mentioned’) in variable q1_29. Data for protocol variables p8 (postal code), p9 (sample point number), p10 (interviewer number), and p11 have not been made available. Items d2 (Party attachment) and d3 (Last vote in national parliamentary elections) are not part of this Eurobarometer. The data are not available.
Availability
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Rights
All metadata from GESIS DBK are available free of restriction under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication. However, GESIS requests that you actively acknowledge and give attribution to all metadata sources, such as the data providers and any data aggregators, including GESIS. For further information see https://dbk.gesis.org/dbksearch/guidelines.asp
Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6788 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36875.v1 (Type: DOI)
  • Internationale Umfrageprogramme (Type: FDZ)
Relations
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.13467
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.13313
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12853
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12801
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12763
  • Is new version of
    DOI: 10.4232/1.12757
Publications
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 86. Autumn 2016. Public opinion in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ‘Strategic communication’ Unit. Brussels, December 2016.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 86. Autumn 2016. European Citizenship. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ‘Strategic communication’ Unit. Brussels, December 2016.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 86. Autumn 2016. Europeans´ views on the priorities of the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ‘Strategic communication’ Unit. Brussels, December 2016.
  • European Commission: Standard Eurobarometer 86. Autumn 2016. Media use in the European Union. Survey conducted by TNS opinion & social at the request of the European Commission Directorate-General Communication. Survey coordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General Communication ‘Strategic communication’ Unit. Brussels, December 2016.

Update Metadata: 2020-10-27 | Issue Number: 15 | Registration Date: 2020-09-29