Saxonian longitudinal study - wave 30, 2017

Resource Type
Dataset : Survey and aggregate data
  • Förster, Peter (Forschungsstelle Sozialanalysen Leipzig)
  • Brähler, Elmar (Universitätsmedizin Mainz, Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Mainz)
  • Stöbel-Richter, Yve (Fakultät Management- und Kulturwissenschaften an der Hochschule Zittau/Görlitz, Görlitz)
  • Berth, Hendrik (Medizinische Psychologie und Medizinische Soziologie Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus an der Technischen Universität Dresden)
  • Zenger, Markus (Fachbereich Angewandte Humanwissenschaften an der Hochschule Magdeburg/Stendal)
Publication Date
  • Forschungsstelle Sozialanalysen Leipzig Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus der Technischen Universität Dresden (Data Collector)
  • ZA:
    • Government, Political System
    • Political Ideology
    • Political Issues
    • Political Attitudes and Behavior
    • Work and Industry
    • Family
    • Medicine
    • Person, Personality, Role
  • CESSDA Topic Classification:
    • Unemployment
    • Specific diseases and medical conditions
    • Mass political behaviour, attitudes/opinion
    • Government, political systems and organisation
    • Psychology
    • Family life and marriage
  • Abstract

    The Saxonian longitudinal study is a longitudinal study in the social sciences. It was begun in 1987 and surveys the change in political attitudes of young adults in the new federal states of the former East Germany over the unification of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the Federal Republic of Germany. Since the 16th wave (2002), the subject of unemployment and health has been intensively surveyed. Another new focus is on questions of partnership and personality. Topics: 1. Politics and life goals: satisfaction with the current life situation; opinion on the unification of GDR and FRG; more divisive vs. more commonalities between East and West Germans; estimated number of years until East/West convergence; estimated number of years until East and West Germans have grown together to form a proper community; personal significance of selected life goals (fulfilling work, independent and self-reliant life, happy married and family life, bringing up one´s own children, self-realisation, not entering into firm ties, earning a lot of money, living according to Christian values); feeling threatened by possible (renewed) unemployment or partner), personal distress, increasing cost of living, deteriorating health, poverty in old age, increasing immigration of foreigners, expansion of international terrorism, military adventures of the USA, spread of left-wing and right-wing radicalism and increase in crime; satisfaction with the political system in the Federal Republic of Germany; satisfaction with the current economic order; satisfaction with democracy; confidence in the future for the respondent personally, for their own (future) children and for developments in East Germany; left-right self-assessment; party preference (Sunday question); assessment of life in the GDR; evaluation of the social development in East Germany as progress or regression; socialism as a good idea that has been poorly implemented so far; advocacy of the aims of the Patriotic Europeans against the Islamisation of the Occident (PEGIDA, LEGIDA); many West Germans treat East Germans as second-class Germans; in the current social system everyone gets their share; secure future in East Germany; happy to have experienced the GDR; attitudes towards foreigners in general; political interest; national pride; evaluation of personal experiences with the new social system; identity as a German, a Saxon, a European, a citizen of the former GDR, a citizen of the Federal Republic, an East German, a winner resp. as a loser of German unification; advantages and disadvantages of the two systems (open); self-assessment of class affiliation; personal life path in recent years as social advancement, social decline or without major changes; expectations of future life path; attitudes to life (general personal trust, you can no longer rely on anyone, better be careful when dealing with strangers before you trust them). 2. Unemployment: own unemployment since the reunification; frequency of unemployment overall; total duration of unemployment since the reunification in months; unemployment since December 2016 (number of months); unemployment of the partner and parents since the reunification; job security; job worries; Attitude towards unemployment (makes people afraid of the future, takes away their self-confidence, makes them ill, typical feature of the current social system, means loss of individual freedoms, violates respect for human dignity, makes people depressed, over time one can get used to unemployment, those who are really looking for work will find some, makes people poor, takes away joy of life, makes people doubt the social system); perceived burden of unemployment; resources for coping with unemployment and coping strategy (open); general conviction of being able to cope with unemployment. 3. Health: in relation to the reference period of the last 12 months: number of days with a feeling of illness; number of days with a cold; number of days on which the respondent went to work despite feeling ill; number of days with sick leave despite being able to work; total number of days with sick leave or incapacity to work; number of nights in hospital inpatient treatment; use of family doctor/general practitioner, psychotherapist and specialist; frequency of use; need for specialist advice due to psychological or social problems; depression tendencies (dejection, meaninglessness of life, helplessness and fear of the future); frequency of selected complaints (nervousness, stomach problems, insomnia, heart problems); self-assessment of health status; opinion on whether one´s own health status can be influenced; suicidal thoughts; frequency of impairment due to selected complaints in the last 2 weeks - depression tendencies, anxiety (nervousness, anxiety or tension, unable to stop or control worries, little interest or pleasure in one´s own activities, depression, melancholy or hopelessness) Impaired by various complaints in the last 7 days (abdominal pain or digestive problems, back pain, pain in arms, legs or joints, headache, chest pain or shortness of breath, dizziness, tiredness or (abdominal pain or digestive problems, back pain, pain in arms, legs or joints, headaches, chest pain or shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue or lack of energy and sleep disturbances); childhood trauma screener (feeling loved, experience of violence by family members, feeling hated by a family member, sexual harassment, support during necessary visits to the doctor); frequency of alcohol consumption and amount of alcohol per day; frequency of consumption of 6 or more glasses of alcohol on one occasion; smoking status; time of first cigarette after getting up; number of cigarettes per day; concerns of partner, parents or close relatives about alcohol or nicotine consumption; life satisfaction. 4. Family and partnership: social and emotional relationship with important people (experience a great deal of understanding and security from others, can always count on the help of a very familiar person, can easily borrow something if necessary, emotional attention, etc.); characterisation of the partnership: frequency of behaviour of the partner (expresses satisfaction in being together, expresses disparagement about an opinion expressed by the respondent, hugs, conversation in the evening, blame if something went wrong, tenderness, etc.). 5. Personality: Self-efficacy (find ways and means to assert myself in the face of resistance, solve difficult problems I always succeed when I try, no difficulties in realising my own intentions and goals, clarity about my own behaviour in unexpected situations, cope well with surprising events, can rely on my own abilities in difficult situations, will get by, whatever happens, can find a solution for every problem, when a new thing comes up, I know how to deal with it, several ideas for solving problems) frequency of loneliness (lack of company of others, feeling of being left out, socially isolated); general self-efficacy short scale (can rely on my abilities in difficult situations, I can cope with most problems well by myself, I can usually solve even strenuous and complicated tasks well); resource realisation: Well-being: through fitness, taking time to reflect on myself; stress management: getting an overview of the situation, being accepted by others, relaxing, letting off steam, pursuing one´s own hobbies or interests, knowing that stress is only temporary; support in everyday life: trust given, someone listened sympathetically, someone encouraged; crisis management: structuring everyday life, becoming clear about one´s own goals, allowing oneself something, taking time for oneself, rethinking one´s own attitude; self-esteem experience: pride in good performance, because of good preparation for an important situation, because of one´s own creativity and because of good concentration; positive self-image: one´s own strengths are problem-solving ability, self-confident appearance and purposeful action; current relationships: person currently closest to the respondent (open), characterisation of the relationship with this person: mutual understanding, similar humour, similar views or interests, overcoming difficulties together; sense of purpose: influencing important decisions, performing well, mastering life independently, setting concrete goals. Demography: Sex; age; current residence in East Germany, in West Germany or abroad; occupational status; marital status; living together with a partner; duration of the partner relationship; divorced; number of divorces; occupational status of the partner; children; number of children; number of own children in the household; household size; amount of personal net income; net household income; faith in God. Additionally coded: ID; wave; type of survey; willingness to interview on topics of the study; fee waiver in favour of the study; world view, GDR and FRG identification; total duration of unemployment in months since reunification - highest value from wave 12 to 30; Unemployment grouped -highest value from wave 12 to 30; PTT confidence (sum); D-score, G-score, PHD depressiveness, PHQ anxiety; PHQ sum; sum Alk audit; alcohol audit categories (inconspicuous, conspicuous); F-Sozu-6 (mean value); PFB-K tenderness and argumentativeness (sums); commonalities/ communication (sum); LS-S Loneliness Scale; general self-efficacy short scale (mean value); Childhood Trauma Screener - cumulative value; CTS - emotional abuse, CTS - physical abuse, CTS - emotional neglect, CTS - sexual abuse, CTS - physical neglect; number of conspicuousness; resource realisation well-being, stress management, support in everyday life, crisis management, self-esteem experience, positive self-image, current relationships and sense life; resource realisation overall.
Temporal Coverage
  • 2017
Geographic Coverage
  • Saxony (DE-SN)
  • Saxony (DE-SN)
Sampled Universe
All pupils who in the first wave of the survey (1987) (ZA6213) attended Year 8 of a polytechnic upper secondary school (POS) from the then districts of Leipzig and Karl-Marx-Stadt in the GDR (birth cohorts 1972/1973) All respondents of the initial survey who have agreed to take part in future surveys form the sample for the repeat survey.
Time Dimension
  • Longitudinal: Panel
Collection Mode
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Paper
  • Self-administered questionnaire: Web-based
Data and File Information
  • Number of Variables: 259
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Alternative Identifiers
  • ZA6248 (Type: ZA-No.)
  • Berth, Hendrik; Brähler, Elmar; Zenger, Markus; Stöbel-Richter, Ive (Hg.) (2020): 30 Jahre ostdeutsche Transformation : Sozialwissenschaftliche Ergebnisse und Perspektiven der Sächsischen Längsschnittstudie. Gießen: Psychosozial-Verlag
  • Berth, Hendrik; Brähler, Elmar; Zenger, Markus; Stöbel-Richter, Ive (Hg.) (2015): Gesichter der ostdeutschen Transformation : Die Teilnehmerinnen und Teilnehmer der Sächsischen Längsschnittstudie im Porträt. Gießen: Psychosozial-Verlag
  • Berth, Hendrik; Brähler, Elmar; Zenger, Markus; Stöbel-Richter, Ive (Hg.) (2012): Innenansichten der Transformation : 25 Jahre Sächsische Längsschnittstudie (1987–2012). Gießen: Psychosozial-Verlag
  • Berth, Hendrik; Förster, Peter; Brähler, Elmar; Stöbel-Richter, Ive (2007): Einheitslust und Einheitsfrust : Junge Ostdeutsche auf dem Weg vom DDR- zum Bundesbürger. Eine sozialwissenschaftliche Langzeitstudie von 1987–2006. Gießen: Psychosozial-Verlag

Update Metadata: 2021-04-07 | Issue Number: 20 | Registration Date: 2020-10-02