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metadata language: English


Resource Type
Dataset : experimental data
  • Regev, Tali (IDC Herzliya)
  • Kricheli-Katz, Tamar (Tel Aviv University)
Publication Date
Free Keywords
gender stereotypes; language; achievement tests
  • Abstract

    Data and code provided for:

    "The effect of language on behavior: do gendered languages fail women in math?"
    Research suggests that gendered languages are associated with gender inequality. However, because languages are embedded in cultures, evidence for causal effects are harder to provide. We contribute to this ongoing debate by exploring the relationship between gendered languages and the gender gap in mathematics achievements. We provide evidence for causality by exploiting the prominent (but not exclusive) practice in gendered languages of using masculine generics to address women. In an experiment on a large representative sample of the Hebrew-speaking adult population in Israel, we show that addressing women in the feminine, compared to addressing them in the masculine, reduces the gender gap in mathematics achievements by a third. These effects are stronger among participants who acquired the Hebrew language early in childhood rather than later in life, suggesting that it is the extent of language proficiency that generates one's sensitivity to being addressed in the masculine or in the feminine. Moreover, when women are addressed in the masculine, their efforts (in terms of time spent on the math test) decrease and they report feeling that ‘science is for men’ more than when addressed in the feminine. We supplement the analysis with two experiments that explore the roles of general and task specific stereotypes in generating these effects.

Temporal Coverage
  • 2016-12-07 / 2018-07-19
    Time Period: Wed Dec 07 00:00:00 EST 2016--Thu Jul 19 00:00:00 EDT 2018 (December 2016, July 2018)
Geographic Coverage
  • Israel
Sampled Universe
A representative sample of the adult (18+) Hebrew speaking population in Israel.
Collection Mode
  • Participants recruited by Dialogue, a survey company.

This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Is version of
    DOI: 10.3886/E126081

Update Metadata: 2020-11-10 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-11-10

Regev, Tali; Kricheli-Katz, Tamar (2020): DO GENDERED LANGUAGES FAIL WOMEN IN MATH?. Version: 2. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.