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Replication data for: Children and Gender Inequality: Evidence from Denmark

Resource Type
  • Kleven, Henrik
  • Landais, Camille
  • Søgaard, Jakob Egholt
Publication Date
  • Abstract

    Using Danish administrative data, we study the impacts of children on gender inequality in the labor market. The arrival of children creates a long-run gender gap in earnings of around 20 percent driven by hours worked, participation, and wage rates. We identify mechanisms driving these "child penalties" in terms of occupation, sector, and firm choices. We find that the fraction of gender inequality caused by child penalties has featured a dramatic increase over the last three to four decades. Finally, we show that child penalties are transmitted through generations, from parents to daughters, suggesting an influence of childhood environment on gender identity.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Is version of
    DOI: 10.3886/E116366
  • Kleven, Henrik, Camille Landais, and Jakob Egholt Søgaard. “Children and Gender Inequality: Evidence from Denmark.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 11, no. 4 (October 1, 2019): 181–209.
    • ID: 10.1257/app.20180010 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-11-17 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-11-17

Kleven, Henrik; Landais, Camille; Søgaard, Jakob Egholt (2019): Replication data for: Children and Gender Inequality: Evidence from Denmark. Version: 1. ICPSR - Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research. Dataset.