Early Intervention by Counsel: A Multi-Site Evaluation of the Presence of Counsel at Defendants' First Appearance (CAFA) in Court, 6 New York State counties, 2012-2016

Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data
  • Worden, Alissa Pollitz
  • Davies, Andrew L.B.
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
bail; defense counsel; pretrial procedures; public defenders; trial procedures
  • Abstract

    This study sought to assess the impact of local programs that ensure that legal counsel is provided at first appearance (usually arraignment) in court on court decisions (such as bail or pretrial release, and consequences such as pretrial detention and booking at a local detention facility), as well as on subsequent consequences for charge reduction, disposition, and sentencing. The project collected original data from six upstate New York counties (under pseudonyms). The data were collected from indigent defense programs' case files, supplemented by data from county detention facilities on booking and release. Demographic variables in this collection include defendant age, race, gender, and residency.
  • Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the implementation of counsel at defendants' first appearance (CAFA) in court in six upstate New York counties.
  • Methods

    The study used a quasi-experimental design based on investigation of community change efforts targeting a common objective across multiple settings, allowing for comparison of case patterns prior to and one year after CAFA program implementation.
  • Methods

    Variables include defendant demographics such as age, gender, and race, as well as case details such as charge, outcome, and weeks to disposition.
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: None
  • Methods

    Response Rates: Not applicable
  • Abstract


    • DS1: Dataset
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2012--2016
  • 2012 / 2016
  • Collection date: 2015--2016
  • 2015 / 2016
Geographic Coverage
  • New York (state)
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Defendants in upstate New York counties who were arrested and charged with misdemeanor or felony offenses, and who were represented in court by their county's indigent defense program attorneys. Smallest Geographic Unit: County
In each of the six counties, cases were sampled at three time periods: (1) immediately before the implementation of CAFA programs; (2) immediately after the implementation; and (3) one year after CAFA had been implemented. All cases within the span of months (which varied by county) were initially included. Subsequently cases were excluded if they (1) involved a highest charge that was a violation level offense (not a criminal offense); (2) involved defendants who were found ineligible for services; (3) involved defendants who retained private counsel before their cases were completed; and (4) involved defendants whose cases did not end in a disposition recorded in the indigent defense program's records.
Collection Mode
  • record abstracts
  • coded on-site observation
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2014-IJ-CX-0027).
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37370 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
  • Worden, Alissa, Davies, Andrew L.B., Shteynberg, Reveka V., Morgan, Kirstin A.. Early Intervention By Counsel: A Multi-Site Evaluation of the Presence of Counsel at Defendants' First Appearances in Court. Final Summary Report.NCJ 254620, . 2020.
    • ID: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/254620.pdf (URL)

Update Metadata: 2020-11-30 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-11-30