Replication data for: Human Capital Accumulation and Disasters: Evidence from the Pakistan Earthquake of 2005

Resource Type
  • Andrabi, Tahir (Pomona College)
  • Daniels, Benjamin (Georgetown University)
  • Das, Jishnu (Georgetown University)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • Norwegian Governance and DFID trust funds (World Bank)
  • National Academy of Sciences (United States)
  • Pomona College SURP
  • Higher Education Commission (Pakistan)
  • Abstract

    We trace the effects of a devastating earthquake that occurred in Northern Pakistan in 2005. Using a new dataset from a survey conducted four years after the earthquake, we first show that the distance of the household from the fault line was not correlated with pre-existing household characteristics, while it was strongly predictive of earthquake-related damage and mortality. Through emergency relief aid, households living close to the fault line reported receiving substantial cash compensation that amounted to as much as 150% of their annual household consumption expenditure. Four years after the earthquake, there were no differences in public infrastructure, household or adult outcomes between areas close to and far from the fault line. However, children in their critical first thousand days at the time of the earthquake accumulated large height deficits, with the youngest the most affected. Children aged 3 through 11 at the time of the earthquake did not suffer growth shortfalls, but scored significantly worse on academic tests if they lived close to the fault line. Finally, children whose mothers completed primary education were fully protected against the emergence of a test score gap. We estimate that if these deficits continue to adult life, the affected children could stand to lose 15% of their lifetime earnings. Even when disasters are heavily compensated, human capital accumulation can be critically interrupted, with greater losses for already disadvantaged populations.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E128182V1
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E128182V2

Update Metadata: 2020-12-03 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-12-03