War, Coal, and Forced Labor: Assessing the Impact of Prisoner-of-War Employment on Coal Mine Productivity in World War I Germany

Version
V0
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, observational data
Creator
  • Jopp, Tobias Alexander (University of Regensburg)
Publication Date
2020-12-13
Free Keywords
coal; POWs; productivity; World War I; Treatment effects
Description
  • Abstract

    This paper assesses the causal relationship between POW assignments and labor productivity for a vital sector of the German World War I economy, namely coal mining. Prisoners of war (POWs) provided significant labor. Combining data on all Ruhr mines with a treatment-effects approach, I find that POW employment alone accounted for 36% of the average POW-employing mine’s annual productivity decline over wartime. Estimates also suggest that the representative POW’s productivity averaged 32% of the representative regular miner’s productivity, and that POWs’ contribution to wartime coal output amounted to 3.9%. Violence did not serve as a powerful work incentive. The deposited files include a stata-file containing the data, a word-file containing the stata-code needed to replicate the results shown in the paper, and an excel-file containing the data on two figures.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1911-01-01 / 1920-12-31
    Time Period: Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1911--Fri Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1920
  • 2015-01-01 / 2019-12-31
    Collection Date(s): Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 2015--Tue Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 2019
Geographic Coverage
  • Germany
Sampled Universe
All hard coal mines in the Ruhr area.
Availability
Download
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
Relations
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E128721V1
  • Has version
    DOI: 10.3886/E128721V2
Publications
  • Jopp, Tobias A. “War, Coal, and Forced Labor: Assessing the Impact of Prisoner-of-War Employment on Coal Mine Productivity in World War I Germany.” Journal of Economic History, n.d.

Update Metadata: 2020-12-13 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-12-13