Prosecuting Trafficking in Persons Cases: An Analysis of Local Strategies and Approaches, United States, 2009-2018

Version
v0
Resource Type
Dataset : administrative records data, aggregate data, text, survey data
Creator
  • Lugo, Kristina
Other Title
  • Archival Version (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2020-12-17
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
human trafficking; prosecution; sex trafficking; victimization
Description
  • Abstract

    This project examined practices and initiatives undertaken by prosecutors across the United States to address trafficking in persons (TIP) in order to learn about TIP case identification and case building; when jurisdictions prosecute utilizing their state's TIP statute or alternative charges; and how prosecutors approach victim identification, serving victims, and increasing convictions and penalties for traffickers and buyers. It also sought to draw lessons learned that other jurisdictions can use to begin this work or increase their capacity and effectiveness, regardless of size or location. This project was a partnership between the Justice Research and Statistics Association (JRSA) and the National District Attorney's Association (NDAA) and consisted of two phases. Phase I was a national survey of prosecutors and Phase II was a series of four case studies in jurisdictions undertaking anti-TIP initiatives. The results of the survey are intended to provide a national snapshot of trends in local TIP prosecutions and the use of state-level TIP statutes by local prosecutors. It serves as a ten-year update to, and expansion of, previous research on local prosecutorial approaches to trafficking that had used data on cases prosecuted through 2008.
  • Abstract

    The results of the survey are intended to provide a national snapshot of trends in local TIP prosecutions and the use of state-level TIP statutes by local prosecutors. It serves as a ten-year update to, and expansion of, previous research on local prosecutorial approaches to trafficking that had used data on cases prosecuted through 2008.
  • Methods

    The survey was constructed to build upon previous prosecutor surveys covering human trafficking. The prosecutors chosen to receive this survey came from NDAA's membership, which includes 2,386 prosecutors across all states and the District of Colombia. According to NDAA leadership, there are currently about 2,500 prosecutors in the U.S., so the sampling frame covered the vast majority. The survey was implemented by email using SurveyMonkey, and ran from June 14, 2017 through August 31, 2017.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: The response rate for this survey was 8 percent, with 199 full and partial responses. Seventy respondents voluntarily supplied their case statistics.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: DANY Data
    • DS2: DANY Perpetrator Data
    • DS3: DANY Victim Data
    • DS4: Miami Case Data
    • DS5: Miami Perpetrator Data
    • DS6: Miami Victim Data
    • DS7: St Paul Case Data
    • DS8: St Paul Victim-Perpetrator Individual Level Data
    • DS9: San Diego Case File Data
    • DS10: San Diego Perpetrator Info Data
    • DS11: San Diego Victim Info Data
    • DS12: TIP National Survey Total Sample Data
    • DS13: TIP National Survey Stat Sample Data
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2009-01-01--2018-05-31
  • 2009-01-01 / 2018-05-31
  • Collection date: 2017-06-01--2019-02-15
  • 2017-06-01 / 2019-02-15
Geographic Coverage
  • California
  • Florida
  • Miami
  • Minnesota
  • New York (state)
  • New York City
  • San Diego
  • St. Paul
  • United States
Sampled Universe
Universe was the 2,386 prosecutors that are members of NDAA. There are an estimated 2,500 or so prosecutors in the U.S. Smallest Geographic Unit: City
Sampling
All 2,386 prosecutor members of the National District Attorney's Association were requested to complete the survey. All full and partial responses received were included for analysis.
Collection Mode
  • face-to-face interview
  • mail questionnaire
  • web-based survey
Note
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2016-IJ-CX-0005).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37451 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)
Relations
  • Is previous version of
    DOI: 10.3886/ICPSR37451.v1

Update Metadata: 2020-12-17 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-12-17