School Climate Enhancement and Bullying Prevention in Southern Illinois, 2016-2019

Version
v1
Resource Type
Dataset : event/transaction data, observational data, survey data
Creator
  • Cashel, Mary Louise
Other Title
  • Version 1 (Subtitle)
Publication Date
2020-12-17
Publication Place
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Publisher
  • Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research
Funding Reference
  • United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice
Language
English
Free Keywords
Schema: ICPSR
bullying; public schools; school violence
Description
  • Abstract

    The study assesses school climate and bullying across 45 schools in 20 rural districts and 5 counties of Southern Illinois. Investigators also evaluated the effectiveness of a low-cost, component-based intervention that focused on improving classroom management, playground monitoring, and school-wide disciplinary procedures. This mixed-methods study incorporated hierarchical linear modeling, with mixed-effects longitudinal models for repeated outcomes. The project design incorporated random assignment, with multiple pre- and post-intervention assessments. Major categories of variables include: students' feeling of safety in school areas; students' history of involvement in or observation of bullying; staff opinion and experience of bullying prevention methods; school policies on bullying; staff completion of training workshops; and demographics. The units of analysis are individuals and schools.
  • Abstract

    This study assessed school climate and bullying across 45 schools in 20 rural districts and 5 counties of Southern Illinois. Investigators also evaluated the effectiveness of a low-cost, component-based intervention that focused on improving classroom management, playground monitoring, and school-wide disciplinary procedures. Training and intervention components were selected based on meta-analytic reviews. Data was collected repeatedly over the course of three years, via staff and student surveys, classroom management questionnaires, playground observations, and bullying incident reports. The study identified effective targets for bullying prevention and their cost-effectiveness.
  • Methods

    For all schools, baseline data were collected in the form of school climate surveys completed by teachers and students (Grades 4-12) in Spring 2016, and playground/lunchroom observations conducted by graduate assistants in Fall 2016. Follow-up surveys were collected in Spring 2017 and for the final post-intervention period in Spring 2018. Schools were randomly assigned to receive all of the selected interventions in either Year 1 (Wave 1) or Year 2 (Wave 2) of the project. For Wave 1 schools, investigators collected baseline and two years of post-intervention survey data. For Wave 2 schools, investigators obtained two years of baseline and one year of post-intervention survey data. Follow-up behavioral observations were conducted for all schools in Spring 2017, Fall 2017, and Spring 2018. The analyses for this project centered on hierarchical linear modeling, with mixed-effects longitudinal models for repeated outcomes. The project design incorporated random assignment, with multiple pre- and post-intervention assessments. During the course of the study, the P.I. introduced several training, surveying, and reporting components to participating schools. Deposited filesets are related to the components and overall study goals. Fileset 1: "School Climate Survey" consists of questionnaire, data, and codebook relating to surveys administered to students, teachers, and staff.; Fileset 2: "Fidelity Checklist" consists of questionnaire, data, and codebook relating to staff adaptation of a National Center for Safe and Supportive Learning Environments (NCSSLE) workshop on addressing bullying and school environment.; Fileset 3: "Playground Observation and Training Form" consists of questionnaire, data, and codebook relating to investigator observations made after schools received playground-monitoring training.; Fileset 4: "Administrator School Climate Survey" consists of questionnaire, data, and codebook relating to surveys administered to principals and superintendents.; Fileset 5: "Classroom Strategies Management Discipline Questionnaire" consists of questionnaire, data, and codebook relating to surveys administered to teachers.; Fileset 6: "Discipline Bullying Policies" consists of data and codebook compiled from all schools' policy handbooks.; Fileset 7: "School Information" consists of data and codebook relating to school demographic characteristics and use of a web-based reporting tool provided to schools by the investigators.; Fileset 8: "Exit Interview" consists of questionnaire only, relating to exit interviews asked of principals and superintendents.;
  • Methods

    Presence of Common Scales: Several Likert-type scales were used.
  • Methods

    Response Rates: 20 out of 24 invited school districts participated.
  • Abstract

    Datasets:

    • DS0: Study-Level Files
    • DS1: School Climate Survey
    • DS2: Fidelity Checklist
    • DS3: Playground Observation and Training Form
    • DS4: Administrator School Climate Survey
    • DS5: Classroom Strategies Management Discipline Questionnaire
    • DS6: Discipline Bullying Policies
    • DS7: School Information
    • DS8: Exit Interview
Temporal Coverage
  • Time period: 2016-01-01--2019-04-30
  • 2016-01-01 / 2019-04-30
  • Collection date: 2016-04-01--2018-12-15
  • 2016-04-01 / 2018-12-15
Geographic Coverage
  • Illinois
  • Southern Illinois
Sampled Universe
Students (Grades 4-12), Teachers, Staff and School administrators in 45 rural schools across five counties of Southern Illinois: Jackson, Perry, Union, Alexander and Pulaski. Smallest Geographic Unit: School district
Sampling
The sample included 20 school superintendents, 35+ principals, 650+ teachers/staff, and 5,000+ students who participated each year. The sample was taken from from 45 schools within 20 districts in Southern Illinois. All districts were classified as either Rural(Fringe/Distant/Remote; n = 12) or Town (Remote, n = 8) according to the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).
Collection Mode
  • coded on-site observation
  • self-enumerated questionnaire
  • web-based survey
Note
Funding institution(s): United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (2015-CK-BX-0011).
Availability
Delivery
One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions; consult the study documentation to learn more on how to obtain the data.
Alternative Identifiers
  • 37311 (Type: ICPSR Study Number)

Update Metadata: 2020-12-17 | Issue Number: 2 | Registration Date: 2020-12-17