Data and Code for: Arrival of Young Talent: The Send-down Movement and Rural Education in China

Resource Type
  • Chen, Yi (Institute for Economic and Social Research, Jinan University; School of Entrepreneurship and Management, ShanghaiTech University)
  • Fan, Ziying (School of Public Economics and Administration, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics)
  • Gu, Xiaomin (International Business School, Shanghai University of International Business and Economics)
  • Zhou, Li-An (Guanghua School of Management, Peking University)
Publication Date
Funding Reference
  • 111 Project of China
    • Award Number: B18026
  • National Science Foundation of China
    • Award Number: 71903066
  • National Science Foundation of China
    • Award Number: 71573165
  • National Science Foundation of China
    • Award Number: 71973088
  • Research Center for Comparative Economic History at Peking University
Free Keywords
Send-down movement; Cultural Revolution; rural education
  • Abstract

    This paper estimates the effects of the send-down movement during the Cultural Revolution---when about 16 million urban youth were mandated to resettle in the countryside---on rural education. Using a county-level dataset compiled from local gazetteers and population censuses, we show that greater exposure to the sent-down youths significantly increased rural children's educational achievement. This positive effect diminished after the urban youth left the countryside in the late 1970s but never disappeared. Rural children who interacted with the sent-down youths were also more likely to pursue more-skilled occupations, marry later, and have smaller families than those who did not.
Temporal Coverage
  • 1968-01-01 / 1977-12-31
    Time Period: Mon Jan 01 00:00:00 EST 1968--Sat Dec 31 00:00:00 EST 1977
Geographic Coverage
  • China
Sampled Universe
rural population in China.
This study is freely available to the general public via web download.
  • Is version of
    DOI: 10.3886/E119690
  • Chen, Yi, Ziying Fan, Xiaomin Gu, and Li-An Zhou. “Arrival of Young Talent: The Send-Down Movement and Rural Education in China.” American Economic Review 110, no. 11 (November 2020): 3393–3430.
    • ID: 10.1257/aer.20191414 (DOI)

Update Metadata: 2020-12-20 | Issue Number: 1 | Registration Date: 2020-12-20